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Teaching Methods

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by

Danielle Stone

on 5 January 2016

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Transcript of Teaching Methods

.
Lesson Plan:
Objectives


Constructivism
TEACHING METHODS
What about retention of knowledge??
CONSTRUCTIVISM
All learners will:

Evaluate four teaching methods and their purpose
Apply Minton Matrix of control to teaching methods
Create a lesson plan following Constructivist Theory

READING
AUDIO VISUAL
DEMONSTRATION
DISCUSSION
PRACTICE DOING
TEACHING OTHERS/ IMMEDIATE USE
LECTURE
Lecture
Reading
Audio Visual
Demonstration
Discussion
Practice Doing
Teach Others/Immediate Use
Task: In pairs discuss and decide upon student retention rates (%) for each of the teaching methods listed
Edgar Dale's Cone of Experience
PGCE
2.1 Resources
Synthesise ways in which strategies and resources may be used in creative ways to motivate learners.

2.2 Groups
Evaluate the principles and practices of managing learning and development in groups.

CERT ED
2.1 Resources
Select teaching strategies and resources which can be used to motivate learners.

2.2 Groups
Describe and evaluate the principles and practices of managing learning and development in groups.



Many teachers say that Active Learning would be great if they had the time.

It may seem strange not to ‘tell’ the learners everything you know about a subject, but your expectations are too high and you know too much!

Do less, and let the learners doing more.

Learners create their own diagrammatic representation of what they are learning (Scaffolding/ Constructivism).

ACTIVE LEARNING
In Practical sessions and certainly during 1:1 support and demonstrations the coaching formula should always be used.

Spot the mistake
Identify and agree a solution
Demonstrate and Q&A in a closed environment
Allow them to practice the solution in the closed environment
Allow them to ‘Go Live’ until the completion of the task
Observe the learner showing corrected practice/ technique

Coaching Formula
People construct their own understanding and knowledge of the world, through using their own experiences or knowledge.

Social Constructivism

Cognitive Constructivism

Constructivism engages with our need to make sense of the world around us.
It aids:

Understanding (based on what we already know to be true)

Recall (it is what we already know that stops us from learning)

The acquisition of new knowledge (fitting it like a jigsaw onto the existing piece of knowledge)

Learning always builds upon knowledge that a student already knows; this prior knowledge is called a ‘schema’.

Learning is more effective when a student is actively engaged in the learning process rather than attempting to receive knowledge passively.

Most constructivist methods rely on some form of guided discovery where the teacher avoids direct instruction and attempts to lead the student to discover the new knowledge.

Constructivist Teaching
Syllabus topic
Link
Extension

Revision
Test
Assessment
Conclusion
The beginning
Tell them what you are going to teach them


The middle
Teach them

The end
Tell them what you taught them

Lesson Planning – 3 part lessons
Task: In small groups evaluate 4 teaching methods, with reference to Dale's Cone of experience and your own professional experience.
Discuss: How do planning stratergies, resources and creativity motivate learners?
TEACHING METHODS - 15.12.15
Full transcript