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Comparing Classical, Medieval and Renaissance Art

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COURTNEY CONNELLY

on 4 April 2012

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Transcript of Comparing Classical, Medieval and Renaissance Art

Forms of Art
Sculpture
painted pottery
murals
mosaics
CLASSICAL ART
Purposes
show the importance of people and leaders
show importance of gods and goddesses
CHARACTERISTICS
Figures look idealized, perfect
bodies look active and move convincingly
bodies are often nude, or draped in togas
faces are bland and calm, without emotion
scenes show heroic figures or real life people doing tasks
little background or sense of perspective
DISCOBOLUS
Purpose= probably made to celebrate the achievement of an athlete.

Athletic achievement was very important to the Greeks, who highly valued the mind and body
Characteristics
balanced pose
calm face
neither ordinary man, nor a god
represents the ideal for the man in Greek society
is a copy of an original that was likely made in bronze
MEDIEVAL ART
Forms of Art
stained-glass windows
sculptures
illuminated manuscripts
paintings
tapestries
Purpose
to teach religion to people who cannot read or write
Characteristics
subjects mostly religious
figures look flat and stiff with little movement
important figures are large
fully clothed, draped in stiff clothes
faces show little emotion
paintings use vibrant, or bright, colors
flat, two-dimensional painted figures
backgrounds a single color, often gold
Narthex Tympanum
Purpose
made to fit into an arching space called a tympanum
Characteristics
figure in the center is Jesus
men surrounding him are his apostles who he is sending all over the world to preach
smaller people are the people from all over the world who are waiting to hear apostles preach
most important figure, Jesus, is the largest figure
conveys a religious meaning and is not very concerned with the accuracy of the bodies
RENAISSANCE ART
Forms of Art
sculptures
murals
drawings
paintings
Purposes
to show the importance of people and nature (Humanism)
Characteristics
both religious and non-religious
figures look idealized, or perfect
bodies look active, moving
bodies can be nude or clothed
real people doing real tasks
faces express what people are thinking
colors respond to light that fall on them
interest in nature, lots of natural detail
full, deep backgrounds with perspective
paintings are symmetrical (balanced on both sides)
The School of Athens
Purpose
painted by Raphael to decorate a wall of a room in the palace of the Pope
Characteristics
shows great thinkers of ancient Greece gathering to discuss their ideas
gestures and expressions show us how important their ideas are to them
Plato and Aristotle stand in the center of the painting
uses perspective to create deep space
idea of wisdom represented by the goddess Athena (statue on the right)
Madonna and Child with Two Angels
Filippo Lippi

1406 AD
RENAISSANCE
Woman sitting in chair is Mary
2 Angels are holding her baby up to her
Mary's hands are in prayer as if she is worried
Baby reaches out to Mary in a gesture that is both baby-like and mature as if to reassure her
Lippi liked making complicated, beautiful patterns look real
The positioning of hands and bodies all draw attention to Mary's face
Bathing Venus
Artist Unknown

Date unknown
CLASSICAL
Represents a woman washing
The woman is probably Venus, the goddess of love and beauty
The lines made by parts of her body all move inward, toward herself
A sculpture of a nude many would be more open
Venus and Adonis
Titian

1550 AD
RENAISSANCE
Made for the king of Spain
Interprets a story from Roman mythology where Venus is trying to keep her beloved Adonis from going out on a hunt that will kill him
All the figures in the image (even the dogs) move convincingly
Faces show us how the characters feel
Bodies are ideal and expressive
Landscape is deep and full of light
Madonna and Child in Majesty
Cimabue

1280 AD
MEDIEVAL
Piece was made to be placed at an altar at a church in Florence
piece is over 12 feet high
Woman and baby represent Mary and Jesus
Mother and child sit on an elegant throne
Mary looks out at viewer who would have been worshipping at the altar
Background is covered in gold leaf
All other figures in the piece are smaller than Mary helping to make her look more powerful
Grave Stele of Hegeso
Artist Unknown

400 BC
CLASSICAL
Decroates a stele, tall stone that marks a grave
Stele made for a woman's grave
Shows a scene from the woman's daily life. She is looking at a piece of jewelry her servant has brought her
There is no background space or depth/perspective
Scene looks realistic
Faces are calm and poses are balanced
Bayeux Tapestry
Artist Unknown

1082 AD
MEDIEVAL
shows a small piece of the Bayeux Tapestry (which is 70 meters long, over 200 feet!)
tells story of the invasion of William the Conqueror
English king, Harold, has just been crowned and is sitting on his throne
On one side, two knights are swearing their loyalty to him
On another side, the archbishop is showing his support of him.
Figures are stiff and flat
Faces have very little expression
Pieta
Michelangelo

1475 AD
RENAISSANCE
Virgin Mary is holding Jesus in her lap after he has been crucified
Made for the cardinal's tomb in St. Peters (Vatican)
Mary is holding Jesus as if he is an infant
Although Mary is old and Jesus is dead, both figures look ideal
Michelangelo carved sweeping drapery to look convincing
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