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Transcript of Ancient History
There are a number of similarities in the design of Ancient Roman and North American stadiums but due to improvements in construction techniques over the past millennium new styles have been allowed to become prevalent in North American stadia in recent years. The purposes of the stadiums in these cultures is also similar however as civilisation has become more liberal and democratic the violence of the sports they host has been toned down and less funding is provided by the government. Roman stadia were used for a number of sports:
Chariot racing, on which the Romans could bet
Executions of Christians http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/circus.html North American stadia regularly host events like:
Ice hockey and other popular North American sports
They occasionally host:
Religious services http://readingexchange.blogspot.com/2010/12/ottawa-senators-v-atlanta-thrashers-ice.html welcome-to-croatia.com Roman stadia were built in one of two styles
They rarely meshed styles EVENTS STYLES Cowboys Stadium in Dallas Texas Neomodernism Utilitarian A utilitarian style is chosen because it is cheap and practical.
It has little to no aesthetic value.
Utilitarian stadiums often use the landscape for structural support Pula Arena in Croatia Martigny Ampitheatre http://www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM1KJJ_Roman_Amphitheater_Martigny Roman Styles By Jack Allworth Roman Classical Roman stadia were usually freestanding structures
They were far more aesthetically appealing than their utilitarian counterparts
This style influenced by the Greeks more and more over the centuries Arles Ampitheatre http://www.historvius.com/arles-amphitheatre-845/ North American Styles North American stadia have been built during an era with improved construction techniques meaning a greater numebr of styles have been able to flourish. They are usually built using one of four predominant styes or a combination of them:
-Postmodernism http://www.baseballpilgrimages.com/american/boston.html Fenway Park, Boston, USA http://txprepsfootballblog.blogspot.com/2011/07/cowboys-stadium-to-host-1a-through-5a.html Views of the facade of Memorial Stadium in Lincoln, Nebraska Neoclassical http://www.city-data.com/picfilesc Neoclassical is a modern interpretation of older architectural styles from Ancient Greece and Rome.
It is only used as a facade in most cases.
This movement started in the 18th century Neomodernism is a very recent style that overuses glass and has the aim of creating one sleek building.
It is one of the most expensive styles.
This movement started in the 90s Postmodernism Neomodernism is a very recent style that overuses glass and has the aim of creating one sleek building.
This is a relativley cheap style to use for the construction of stadia.
This movement started in the 1970s. http://www.torcon2012.com/page2.htm Air Canada Centre in Toronto, Canada SIMILARITIES Both countries underuse tiers, prefering bowls.
Classical and Neoclassical architecture styles
How the stadia are financed Similarities CONSTRUCTION In both societies government will often fund a significant amounts or all of the costs for a stadium's construction.
Their motives include reducing delinquency and gaining popularity
In Modern North America stadia are often built with the funds of the home teams owner. Construction: Finance & Motives FINANCE
MOTIVES Stadia are usually able to pay for themselves once they are built through the tickets sold to events held inside
Events are often sponsored by people or organisations trying to gain popularity
In Rome any citizen could attend an event. In North America you must be able to afford the prices Maintenance: Finance & Motives Stadia were originally built using wood
The Romans soon discovered arches and concrete
They also used limestone and a variety of styles of column Ancient Rome Their stadia have pioneered mobile seating which has enabled multiple function stadia to be built.
Innovative roofs Modern North America CONCLUSION