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Cell Analogy to a Computer

This Prezi compares the organelles of cells to the components of computers

Asher Lehrer-Small

on 27 March 2013

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Transcript of Cell Analogy to a Computer

A Cell Is Like A Computer By Asher Lehrer-Small Around plant cells,there is a cell wall. It is a strong wall to protect the cell and give it its shape. Cell Wall vs. Computer Case Around a computer, there is a protective casing called the computer case. It protects the computer and keeps everything together. Both the cell wall and the computer case are physical barriers that support and protect the delicate and complicated contents within. The cell wall is to a plant cell as a computer case is to a computer. Chloroplast vs. Power Chord The chloroplast is the organelle in a cell that captures energy from the sun and turns it into glucose, which the plant can then use as food. A computer's power chord takes energy from a socket in the wall. It enables the computer to have the power needed to function. Both the chloroplasts and the power chord for the computer take in energy from an outside source. The energy that the chloroplasts take in allows the cell to function and the energy that the power chord takes in allows the computer to function. A chloroplast is to a cell as a power cable is to a computer. Cytoskeleton Vs Wire Casing The cytoskeleton is a structure in the cytoplasm of a cell that holds the cytoplasm together and keeps it from collapsing. The rubber casing around the wires in a computer holds together the wire strands, keeps their shape, and protects them. Both the cytoskeleton and the casing around the wires in computers keep the shape of the means by which transportation occurs.In cells, transportation occurs within the cytoplasm. Molecules move between organelles through the cytoplasm. The cytoskeleton keeps the cytoplasm from collapsing. In a computer, electrical charges move around the computer via a network of wires. The rubber casing around the wires hold the wires together and keep them from falling apart. Both wire casing and the cytoskeleton support the means of transportation in computers and cells respectively. That's why the cytoskeleton is to cells as wire casing is to computers. DNA Vs. Computer Code DNA is the code held within every cell from which all protein is synthesized and that determines how a cell functions. Computer code is written to determine what a computer program does and exactly how it operates. Both DNA and computer code are extensive codes that determine exactly what either the cell or the computer program is supposed to do.That's why DNA is to a cell's function as computer code is to a computer's function. Golgi Apparatus Vs Computer Processor The Golgi Apparatus receives, sorts and packages smaller molecules into bigger molecules for either storage or to be sent out of the cell. A computer processor processes the data given to it by the hard drive and sends it out for use in other parts of the computer. Both the Golgi Apparatus and the computer processor take something (whether it's molecules or data) and process it and then send it out. The golgi apparatus is to the cell as the computer processor (cpu) is to the computer. Mitochondrion Vs Computer battery The mitochondria turn energy stored as food into energy that's usable to the cell (ATP) through a process called cellular respiration. The battery of a computer holds the energy brought into the computer by the power cable. It also releases the energy in a form usable to power the computer. Both the mitochondria and the battery of a computer turn the energy that was captured from an external source and make it usable for the cell or computer. The mitochondria are to the cell as the battery is to the computer. Lysosome Vs Recycle bin A lysosome is full of enzymes. It uses these enzymes to digest unwanted or harmful molecules. The recycle bin in a computer holds files that are useless or potentially dangerous. Then it gets rid of them. The Lysosome gets rid of molecules that the cell doesn't want and the recycle bin gets rid of files that the computer doesn't want. Both get rid of potetially dangerous things. The lysosome is to the cell as the recycle bin is to the computer. Nucleus Vs Hard Drive Disk The nucleus is like the cell's brain. It contains DNA and RNA and also controls eating, movement, reproduction and more. The Hard Drive Disk creates and controls all of a computer's activities. Both the nucleus and the hard drive are like the brain or control center in their cell or computer. They control all the activities. The nucleus is to the cell as the hard drive is to the computer. Plasma Membrane vs Firewall The plasma membrane surrounds the cell just inside of the cell wall. It is selectively permeable meaning that it regulates the entry and exit of molecules into and out of the cell. A firewall selectively allows or blocks inbound traffic to a computer's network. It allows or blocks specific devices from accessing the content on a network. Both the plasma membrane and a firewall allow the things that are meant to come into the cell or computer network, to come in and both keep out thing that are potentially dangerous to the cell or computer. The plasma membrane is to the cell as a firewall is to a computer network. Ribosomes Vs Transistors Ribosomes construct proteins in cells by attaching amino acids together and building long protein chains. Transistors are used to do calculations by building different codes of ones and zeros. Ribosomes and Transistors are both small builders that occur in quantity in the cell or computer. Ribosomes build proteins and transistor build/manipulate code. Also, it is consistent with the analogy because the endoplasmic reticulum brings the ribosome made proteins to the golgi apparatus and the front side local bus (which I liken to the endoplasmic reticulum) brings the transistors to the processor (which I likened to the golgi apparatus). That's why the ribosomes are to the cell as transistors are to a computer. Endoplasmic Reticulum Vs Front Side Bus The endoplasmic reticulum packs, stores and carries steroids, ions, and proteins. Specifically, one of its functions is to give ribosome made proteins to the golgi apparatus. The front side bus brings the transistors to the computer's processing core. The Endoplasmic reticulum brings protein synthesized by the ribosomes to the golgi apparatus just as the front side bus brings the transistors (which I likened to the ribosomes) to the processing core (which I likened to the golgi apparatus). That's why the endoplasmic reticulum is to the cell as the front side bus is to a computer. Vacuole Vs RAM The vacuole in a cell stores water, food, waste, and more until they are used or gotten rid of. The RAM stores data from software. It doesn't store things permanently. Files on the RAM are either saved to the hard drive or disposed of. Both the vacuole and the RAM store things that are necessary in carrying the cell or computer's tasks. Also, they both hold things that they need to be rid of (waste). Finally, neither stores things permanently. They both are used for short-term storage. That's why the vacuole is to the cell as the RAM is to the computer. A cell is like a computer because the main components of each are comparable.
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