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ADHD

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Harminder Mudhar

on 12 June 2016

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Transcript of ADHD

ADHD affecting children in America
By: Harminder Mudhar
What is adhd?
stands for "Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder"
psychological disorder
results from an imbalance of neurotransmitters within the brain
causes inattention, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity
Symptoms
Conclusion:
ADHD is a chronic condition for children in America that has significant negative impacts on learning, behavior, socialization and overall performance in their lives.
However, with the right treatment, the effected individual can eventually learn to cope with it.
Statistics
True or false
Treatments
causes
Symptoms?
Statistics
What Causes ADHD?
Myths
Treatments?
failure to listen to instructions
inability to organize oneself
talking excessively
constant fidgeting
There is no "cure" for ADHD, however, children with the disorder outgrow it or find adaptive ways to accommodate ADHD as they mature.

Children with ADHD that are untreated can struggle through school, both academically and socially.

If not treated in time, those struggles will continue into adulthood, making careers, and relationships more challenging than they should be.
most frequently prescribed
help improve concentration
boost levels of dopamine in the brain
Drugs
Stimulants:
Hypertension Medications:
treats high blood pressure
help to manage hyperactivity and aggressive behavior
Therapy
Cognitive-behavioral therapy:
helps children overcome the negative effects of ADHD
help them to be both positive and realistic in managing their ADHD
help to teach coping skills to better organize time and focus on school and work

Social skills therapy:

effective way for teaching children
helps children with ADHD to understand and appropriately react to social behaviors and body language

SBI 3U0
ADHD is usually diagnosed alongside other psychiatric disorders such as:
oppositional defiant disorder
depression
bipolar disorder
Tourette syndrome
obsessive-compulsive disorder

Other causes have also been suggested to cause ADHD, such as:
•drinking alcohol, smoking or misusing drugs while pregnant
•exposure to high levels of toxic lead at a young age
genetics



5% of children in America have ADHD

50-80% of children with ADHD will have it as adolescents

10-65% will have it into adulthood

2 to 1 ratio of males to females

Child of parent with ADHD is 50% more likely to have it

Child with sibling with ADHD is 30% more likely to have it

Average age of diagnosis in American children is 7 years old

Symptoms typically first appear in American children between the ages of 3 and 6

Around what age do symptoms of ADHD appear in children?
Guidry, L., Louisiana, G. (May 31, 2015) What are the signs of ADHD in the classroom?
Retrieved from
http://www.thenewsstar.com/story/news/local/2015/05/31/signs-adhd-classroom/28264011/

(July 1, 2014) NINDS Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Information Page
Retrieved from
http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/adhd/adhd.htm

Visser, S. N., Bitsko, R. H., Danielson, M. L., Gandhour, R., Blumberg, S. J., Schieve, L., Holbrook, J., Wolraich, M., Cuffe, S. (April 1, 2015). Treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder among children with special health care needs. Journal of Pediatrics.
Retrieved from
http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/features/adhd-keyfindings-treatment-special-needs-children.html

Friedman, R. (October 31, 2014). A natural fix for A.D.H.D.
Retrieved from
http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/02/opinion/sunday/a-natural-fix-for-adhd.html?_r=0

(April 21, 2015). Division of Human Development, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: ADHD
Retrieved from
http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/index.html

Berkowitz, B. (June 1, 2015). Should you give your kid ADHD drugs?
Retrieved from
http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/should-you-give-your-kid-adhd-drugs/2015/06/01/8ee1d9dc-0574-11e5-a428-c984eb077d4e_story.html
References
What are the most common symptoms expressed with ADHD?
ADHD has been recognized as a legitimate diagnosis by major medical, psychological, and educational organizations, including the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Department of Education. Research shows that the disorder is biologically based.
Myth #1: ADHD isn't a real disorder
People with ADHD are of above-average intelligence, recent studies show.
In fact, people like Mozart, Abraham Lincoln and even Albert Einstein had ADHD.

Myth #2: People who have ADHD are stupid or lazy
When a disorder is poorly understood, myths about the condition are sometimes more believed than the actual facts.

ADHD is a disorder associated with a lot of myths.

ADHD is not a real disorder

Children affected with ADHD will never amount to anything
What percent of children in America have ADHD?
What are 3 factors that can contribute to the development of ADHD?
What are two forms of treatments that can be used to suppress the effects of ADHD?
Full transcript