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World War II - Timeline

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Mikayla McGillivray

on 2 November 2013

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Transcript of World War II - Timeline

World War II - Timeline
Nazi's Invade Poland
Hitler Enters Paris
London Blitz
Operation Barbarossa
Pearl Harbor
A Bomb - Hiroshima
Battle of Stalingrad
Rape at Nanking
Why does World War II matter today?
28 June 1919
Sept. 16, 1935
December 13, 1937

1 September 1939

June 23, 1940

7 September 1940 - 21 May 1941
22 June 1941

December 7, 1941
August 23, 1942 – February 2, 1943
August 6, 1945

World War II is an important part of our world's history. It's important to remember all those who suffered and/or died. The affects of the war still exist today. There was a major amount of destruction, and some of it can't be fixed.

World War II was devastating and brutal, but there are some aspects of the war that are positive. Because of World War II, the world accelerated growth of research and development. This lead to advances in technology, medical science, and military science.

Also after the war, the United Nations was formed to maintain peace, and they have succeeded thus far. They have stopped many wars that were brewing.
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty to end World War I. One provision of this treaty was that Germany had to take responsibility of all the loss and damage.
This was very controversial, and Germany was reluctant to sign.

It was important because it was a major factor of why World War II started. Germany was having trouble paying the reparations, and the Great Depression made it worse. This is where Hitler steps in. Hitler was very charismatic, and he used propaganda to persuade the people of Germany to want war.
Nuremberg Race Laws
Three new laws of German racist policies, and the oppression of Jews. These laws forbid contact between the Jews and Germans, stripping Jews of German Citizenship.
This was important because it impacted many Jews and their status in Germany. No one in Germany objected to the unfair treatment of the Jews, however, in several other countries, there was major criticism of these laws.
The Japanese army invaded Nanking, killing and raping hundreds of thousands, over a six-week period.
This is important because, this event is key to the development of Chinese Identity. This event unified the Chinese, both poor peasants and government officials.
The Nazi's invaded on the first of September, later, the Soviet Union invaded as well. Germany attacked from the North, South, and West, forcing the Polish forces to withdraw.
This event was important because it marked the start of World War II. The German's had not wanted war, but Hitler, using propaganda, persuaded the people. This is what got the war going.
The leader of France did not want to let Germany invade their land. He sent a telegram to the USA, asking to help aid France in the war. This was seen as a declaration of war. The USA sent material aid, and French citizens cheered as Canadian troops entered France.
This was important because It gave people hope that the Nazi's could be defeated, and the destruction that threatened them would not be inflicted on them.
The London Blitz lasted several months, and was the star of Total War. At first, the Nazi bombers targeted the British forces. But as time went on, they started to bomb cities, and then, London.
This event is important because it represented a new kind of war; Aerial bombing the urban population. What decided the outcome was whether the population would cower in their shelters, or fight back.
This is important because it was Hitlers biggest mistake. It sparked new hope in people. This was the beginning of the end.
Operation Barbarossa was the code name for Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union. The plan failed for Hitler, because he underestimated the weather. One of the coldest winters hit Russia, German tanks wouldn't run and their guns wouldn't fire. Eventually, the Germans backed out.
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike on the USA by Japan. The attack was meant to prevent the US from interfering with Japanese military.
This event was important because it is what lead the USA to join the war. If this hadn't happened, Germany would continue to rain down terror on the world, and would be the first to use nuclear weapons.
The Battle of Stalingrad was the biggest battle of World War II. It involved the Nazi's going against their allies, the Soviet Union. The German army pushed their forces, needing more and more reinforcements. The German army and the Axis powers then ran out of ammunition and food.
In August, 1945, The United States dropped atomic bombs on the city of Hiroshima. The bomb flattened the city, killing tens of thousands.
This event is important because the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ended the war. It was also the first time a atomic bomb was used, and it showed everyone the devastation it could cause.
This is important because it was the turning point for the Nazi's. They had everything under their control, but after Stalingrad, nothing went well for them. It was also one of the bloodiest battles in history.
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