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ESL 802 Lesson #7 From Paragraph to Essay

ESL 802
by

Prof. H. Lecakes-Jones

on 5 March 2014

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Transcript of ESL 802 Lesson #7 From Paragraph to Essay

Just use the same formula from the paragraph and expand it!
Going from one paragraph
to an ESSAY (5paragraphs)
is EASY!
Topic Sentence
support
support
support
Conclusion

Paragraph structure!
In this ONE paragraph you have to CREATE:
1. a "hook"
2. a Definition/Explanation the topic (if unknown)
3. a Transition sentence
4. a THESIS statement ( Do this one FIRST then work backward)
(No concluding sentence needed!!!)
Introduction
Thesis=

Topic+ controlling idea+ 3 reasons why!
First...
BODY #1
Secondly,
Body #2
Finally,
Body #3
In conclusion,
Topic Sentence/tHESIS AGAIN
(no cd) (no new info!!!!!)
support CM
support CM
Conclusion
Topic Sentence
support CD
support CM
support CM
Conclusion
Topic Sentence
support CD
support CM
support CM
Conclusion
Topic Sentence
support CD
support CM
support CM
Conclusion
How to make a hook?
Introduction
Conclusion
one
one
one
one
one
becomes 5 sentences in the
becomes 5 sentences in the
body
body
body
becomes 5 sentences in the
becomes 5 sentences in the
one
beomes 3-5 sentences in the
Conclusion
Writing the Essay
Transition signals for body 1:
First,
first of all,
Transition signals for body 2:
Second,
Secondly,
Next,
Then
After that,
Transition signals for body 3:
Furthermore
In addition,
moreover,
Transition signals for the Concluding paragraph:
As a result,
For these reasons,
Therefore,
All in all,
To summarize,
In short,
In brief,
CD signals:
For example,
For instance,
CM signals:
That is to say,
Hence,
Therefore,
One can see that...
Indeed,
It is obvious
idea#3
Idea #1
Idea#2
CD signals:
For instance,
For example,
CM signals:
That is to say,
Hence,
Therefore,
One can see that...
Indeed,
CD signals:
For instance,
For example,
CM signals:
That is to say,
Hence,
THerefore,
One can see that...
Indeed,
ECHO/MIRROR/Repeat with synonyms
the THESIS
( YES, AGAIN!)
Clincher/Ta-dah! devices are:
Make a prediction
recommend a solution
compare topic with a metaphor
Anecdote=short story
Vivid image of problem
Issue a "call to action" (Come on let's...)
problems
challenges
difficulties
obstacles
Advantages
disadvantages
reasons
qualities
causes
effects
ways
methods



(Only idea #1
can be talked about here!)
(Only idea #2
can be talked about here!)
(Only idea #3 can be talked about here!)
+
Organization?? Font? Spacing? UGHHHHH!
http://www.csus.edu/owl/index/mla/mla_format.htm
To start class today:
Quietly read over pages 58 and 59
Goal: The five paragraph essay!!!

Activity: Regarding the essay on page 58-59...
1. Find the topic
2. Find the Controlling Idea
3. So, what is the Topic Sentence then?
4. What are the three Concrete Details?
5. Underline (in your book) the Commentary for each of the three Concrete Details.
6. Look at the Conclusion, can you circle the three C.D.s?
BODY Paragraphs
Hook:
Exciting sentence or two
that relates back to the
THESIS or TOPIC SENTENCE!!
8 TYPES OF HOOKS

Question
When writing a question, try to create a picture in the reader’s mind. Use the words who, what, when, where, why, is, how, or are at the beginning of the sentence.

Quote
When writing a quote, it can be a direct quotation from a book, TV show, movie, or a famous person.

Onomatopoeia
Onomatopoeia is a word that makes sounds. Those can be animal sounds, car sounds, or any other sound. Examples include: Bang! Woof! or Cock-a-doodle-doo!

Poem
Use a poem from a famous author, or make up your own.

Song
Use a line or two from your favorite song on the radio. Make sure you relate it to your essay.

Interjection
Interjections express emotions. Examples are Aha!, Stop!, Ugh!, Help!, Well!, YOW!, Brrrr!, Yummy!

Startling Statistic
Statistics show relationships with numbers. Find a surprising statistic involving your topic.

Dialogue
Dialogue features two or more people talking.


UESTION
• Where in the Pacific Ocean can you find a delicious Krabby Patty to eat, live in a pineapple, and drive in an underwater boat? Bikini Bottom, of course!

QUOTE
• "Do you smell that? That smell--It's the smell of a smelly smell that smells smelly," stated Spongebob from the show Spongebob Squarepants.

ONOMATOPOEIA
• "Meooowww!" said Gary, Spongebob's pet snail.

POEM
• Roses are red, violets are blue. I love Spongebob Squarepants, do you?

SONG
• "Are ya ready kids? Aye, aye, Captain. I can't hear you! Aye, aye Captain. Ohhhh!" My favorite TV show started to play on Nickelodeon.

INTERJECTION
• "Noooo!" Don't touch the TV, I am watching my favorite show, Spongebob Squarepants.

STARTLING STATISTIC
• Over 1 million adults and children worldwide tune in to watch the TV show, Spongebob Squarepants on a weekly basis

DIALOGUE
• "There's nothing wrong with getting kissys from your grandmother," said Spongebob. "No, especially if you're a big baby who wears diapers!" responded Fish.

W
http://forums.atozteacherstuff.com/showthread.php?t=53699
Here are some examples
1. Begin with a simile or a metaphor.
My life has been a carnival. My family is like an open book.

2. Begin with a question.
Who is the greatest athlete of all times?

3. Begin with a definition.
Amiable is the best way to describe my personality: I am friendly and caring. Perfect is the best adjective to describe me: I am flawless in every aspect of my life.

4. Begin with a quotation.
“Learn to laugh” is something my kindergarten teacher told me after Ralph Thorsen spilled paint on my daffodil picture.

5. Begin with a comparison to a well-known person or celebrity.
I am as photogenic as Tyra Banks.

6. Begin with placing yourself in the future.
In the year 2012 I see myself as a supreme ballerina performing in Camelot at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C.

7. Begin with a dilemma.
Deciding to attend Hampton Roads Academy, a private school, was one of my most difficult decisions.

8. Begin with a scene.
The day of my birth began with Hurricane Charlie pounding at our door in Charleston, South Carolina.

9. Begin with the best advice you have ever received.
“Butch, did you practice the piano?” Since I was six years old, this has been a daily reminder from my dear mother. “Be all you can be” has been my inspiration from my grandfather who is a retired Marine Corps colonel and my mentor.

10. Begin with an anecdote.
As my cousin and I pedaled our new bikes to the beach, 6 years old, suntanned and young, we met an old, shaggy-haired man weaving unsteadily on a battered old bike.


What other beginning "hooks" have you used?
More hook ideas from Ana:
http://www.thewritertoday.com/2009/07/10-writing-hooks.html
Surprising statistic
a challenging question
a funny/thought provoking quotation
an unusual fact
an anecdote
interesting background details
an interesting opinion statement
MLA FORMAT:
How do you make a thesis?
What IS a thesis?
What does a thesis look like?
(The topic)+ has three
______, _______ and _______.
Steal! Use the essay prompt to create YOUR thesis statement!!!
Hook. Background. Transition. Thesis
Introduction
Body paragraph #1
Body paragraph #2
Body paragraph #3
Concluding paragraph
THE HOW??
THE WHAT?
(You need 4 things)
Let's look at the goal
1. What are the advantages of being bilingual?
2. How can you be a good friend?
3. What are the qualities of a good parent?
4. What types of students are successful in college?
5. Why is eating junk food bad?


TRY MAKING A THESIS!
Intro parag
Full transcript