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FINE 12c Film Technique

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Debbi Richard

on 19 November 2015

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Transcript of FINE 12c Film Technique

Film Technique and Practice
Do you recognize these stars?
Bradley Cooper
Hugh Jackman
Jamie Foxx
Channing Tatum
Halle Berry
Helen Mirren
Jennifer Lawrence
Emma Stone
Do you recognize these stars?
Ang Lee
Director, Life of PI
William Goldenberg
Editor, Argo
Roger Deakins
Cinematographer, Skyfall
Alexandre Desplat
Composer, Argo
Trish Summerville
Costume Design, Hunger Games
Peter Swords King
Make-up, The Hobbit
Anna Pinnock
Set Decoration, Life of PI
Wylie Stateman
Sound Editor, Django Unchained
Film is Collaboration
Designers - Costumes, Sets, Make-up, Lighting
Researchers, Location Scouts, Continuity Experts
Effects Specialists
Actors & Extras
Technical Crew
Promotional Staff & Distributors
Who gets the credit? Who gets the blame?
"One of the best things about directing movies, as opposed to merely writing them, is that there's no confusion about who's to blame: You are." - Nora Ephron, 1941-2012
Auteur Criticism
Auteur theory: the director is the primary person responsible for the creation of a motion picture and imbues it with his or her distinctive, recognizable style
Examples of "Auteurs"
J.J. Abrams
Woody Allen
Tim Burton
Joel and Ethan Coen
Alfred Hitchcock*
Stanley Kubrick
Akira Kurosawa
Spike Lee

George Lucas
Steven Spielberg
Martin Scorcese
Quentin Tarantino
François Truffaut
Orson Welles
Joss Whedon
Robert Zemeckis

*Who was Alfred Hitchcock?
1899: Born Leytonstone, England
1919: 1st job - title illustrator for silent films
1925: Directed 1st film - "The Pleasure Garden"
1926: "The Lodger" - break-out hit in Britain
1940: "Rebecca" - 1st Hollywood film
1976: "Family Plot" - comedy; last film
1980: Death from liver failure

Some famous Hitchcock quotes
"Drama is life with the dull bits cut out."
"For me, the cinema is not a slice of life,
but a piece of cake."
"Always make the audience suffer
as much as possible.
"I am a typed director. If I made Cinderella,
the audience would immediately be looking
for a body in the coach."

Hitchcock's "Signature"
The director makes a cameo appearance somewhere in each film - like "Where's Waldo"

A SHOT is a continuous length of film exposed sequentially in a camera
without a break.

The DIRECTOR controls the acting and the photography, and decides what
kind of shots to use.

The CINEMATOGRAPHER Is in charge of operating the camera and
controlling the shot.

Still Shots

• Establishing shot
• Close-up shot
• Long shot
• Medium shot
• Point-of-view shot

Establishing Shot
The Trouble with Harry (1955) - John Forsythe, Shirley MacLaine
Close-up Shot
The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956) - James Stewart, Doris Day
Long Shot
Torn Curtain (1966) - Paul Newman, Julie Andrews
Medium Shot
Shadow of a Doubt (1943) – Joseph Cotton, Teresa Wright
Point-of-View Shot
Rear Window (1954) – James Stewart, Grace Kelly
Moving Shots

• Following shot
• Tracking shot
• Recessional shot
• Crane shot
• Hand-held shot

Following Shot
Rope (1948) - James Stewart, Farley Granger, John Dall
Tracking Shot
Topaz (1969) - John Forsyth, Frederick Stafford
Recessional Shot
Marnie (1964) - Sean Connery, Tippi Hedren
Crane Shot
The Birds (1963) - Rod Taylor, Tippi Hedren
Hand-Held Shot
Martin Scorcese, Goodfellas (1990) - Robert DeNiro, Ray Liotta
Jump Cuts
Frenzy (1972) – Jon Finch, Barry Foster
The transition from one shot
to the next is called a cut.

The EDITOR puts the shots in order, trims them, and connects them together with various types of cuts.

Good editing accents the relevant
elements in a film.

Many different types of film cuts can be made by an editor, and each type
imparts its own feel to the film.

Types of Cuts
Jump cut
Continuity cut
Cross Cutting
Shot, reverse shot
Graphic match
Montage sequence
Dial M for Murder (1954) – Ray Milland, Grace Kelly
Dissolves / Fades / Wipes
To Catch a Thief (1955) – Cary Grant, Grace Kelly
Cut-ins / Cut-outs
Family Plot (1976) – Bruce Dern, Barbara Harris
Shot, Reverse Shot
North by Northwest (1959) – Cary Grant, Eva Marie Saint
Continuity Cuts
Vertigo (1958) – James Stewart, Kim Novak
Graphic Match
Psycho (1960) – Anthony Perkins, Janet Leigh
Tom Hanks, That Thing You Do (1996) – Tom Hanks, Liv Tyler
Putting It All Together
North by Northwest, 1959 – Cary Grant, Eva Marie Saint
"Crop Duster" scene: 132 shots, 9'40"
Full transcript