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Sir Isaac Newton

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Rory Bach

on 7 April 2014

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Transcript of Sir Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton
Discoveries and Beliefs

Scientific Discoveries:

Newton's dicoveries still impact us today
His largest contributions were in math and science
Disproved many religious & traditional beliefs
He also discovered gravitational force and established the three universal laws of motion

Mathematics Discoveries:

Calculations to be more accuratly modeled
Without these math advancements, scientists wouldn't be able to design machines and other needed supplies
His knowledge of math helped other famous scientists design, invent, and discover
Opened "humanity's eyes" to newer possibilities

Biography
In 1665 conceived the method of infinitesmal calculus, set foundations for his theory of light and color and gained insight into the laws of planetary motion
In 1687 experienced gravity with a falling apple
Was instrumental in the scientific revolution of the 17th century
Newton helped explain problems and theories
The Laws of Motion and Gravity helped to describe the world in terms in terms of natural laws
He created Calculus which helps us today in math
Helped improve the model of Earth and other planets orbiting the sun
Ideas about the universe- Enlightenment Ideology
"Greatest product of the Enlightenment" (the explosion of intellectual knowledge)
Biography
Born on January 4th, 1643
Was an English physicist mathematician, philosopher and astronomer
Developed the principles of modern physics
Most famous for law of gravity
Theorized that white light was a composite of all colors of the spectrum, and was composed of particles
Maddie Michel's Information
Isaac Newton discovered gravity when he was talking to his friend, who mentioned that an apple had hit him in the head one day and he wondered why the apple fell perpindicular to the ground. Isaac researched and created gravity.
He also established the three Universal Laws of Motion which are:
1. a body remains at rest, or moves in a straight line (at a constant velocity), unless acted upon by a net outside force
2. The acceleration of an object is proportional to the force acting upon it
3. For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction
Maddie Michel's Information
Newton invented the Binomial Theorem, which describes the algebraic expansion of powers of the sum or difference of two terms
He and Gottfried Leibniz first created calculus in 1666
His discoveries led to more theories and discoveries that we still use today like his discoveries that gave scientists the tools to go into space and his understanding of the basic mechanics helped with the beginning of modern physics
Isaac Newton was the first to propose a set of laws that described the motion of all things in the Universe
Introduction
Project By:
Cande Alday
Rory Bach
Maddie Michel
Clare Powell
Alexandra Schulman

Here's a man who should be in the Enlightenment Hall of Fame. Sir Isaac Newton was a man of discoveries, not just an inspiration during the Enlightenment, but also an influence today. Without everything that you are about to learn we wouldn't know why an apple falls from a tree, or the disffraction of light! This is why Sir Isaac Newton should be in the Enlightenment Hall of Fame.
Primary Role/Impact of the Enlightenment
By: Clare Powell
Alexandra Schulman's Information
Isaac Newton
Other Views
Refined Galileo's idea
Newton had to use his own ideas
Newton used science methods
Newton refined his ideas
Galileo had many flaws
Vesalius had many resources to fall back on
Descartes believed reason was the key to the truth
Did anyone other than Newton go back on their ideas?

Statement: Address the wide-ranging effects of Enlightenment thinking on political, economic, religious, social, and intellectual climate of the time period.
Political:
- Isaac Newton lived at a time when politics, religion, and education were not separate
-"King Charles II commanded that everyone who taught at places such as Trinity College, were church of England Ministers were trained, must themselves be ordanied as church of England ministers after 7 years."
-this was only included people such as Isaac Newton who taught only mathematics and science not theology
Source Used:
answersingensis.org

Economic:
-Isaac Newton "The God of Science"
-Isaac Newton expressed for the first time accurate laws of motion,the origin of colors, the existence and effects of gravity, and the fact that the same physical laws hold true throughout the universe
-he watched bits of paper dancing with the affect of friction, he almost discovered electricity
-Isaac Newton shared with Leibniz, the invention of calculus, through the two men went back about it
Source Used:
economist.com
Religion:
-at some point he moved away from the Orthodox (conventional) thinking of the church of England and become a radical herietic, denying that Jesus Christ shared any essential characteristics of God
-Isaac Newton was a deeply religious person who wrote more words than he did in science
-at Isaac Newton's college-
Trinity College Cambridge he wrote a "list of sins" itself a mark of his religous convictions
Source Used:
enlighteningscience.com
Social:
-Isaac Newton was a deeply introverted character introverted character a fiercly protective of his privacy
-"Even in his maturity, having become rich,famous,laden with honors and intemaitionally aclaimed as one of the worlds foremost thinkers,he remained deeply insecure,given to fits of depression and outburst of violent temper, and implacable in pursuit of anyone by whom he felt threatened"
Source Used:
newtonproject.com
Intellectual Climate of the time period:
-Isaac Newton is synonymous with apples and gravity
-most influential scientist of the 17th century
-worked on diffraction of light he used a prism to discover white light is made of spectrum colors
-became known for universal gravitation,centrifugal force, centripetal force, and the effects of characteristics of bodies in motion
-his laws are still repeated by students today
Source Used:
livescience.com
By: Alexandra Schulman






Quotes: By Sir Isaac Newton
"I can calculate the motion of heavenly bodies, but not the madness of people." -Sir Isaac Newton
"To myself I am only a child playing on the beach, while vast oceans of truth lie undiscovered before me." -Sir Isaac Newton
Quotes found on livescince.com

Questioning Views
Works Cited Page
www.universetoday.com/38643/what-did-isaac-newton-discover/
astro.unl.edu/naap/pos/pas_background2.html
http://www.biography.com/people/isaac-newton-9422656
www.2heeston.edu/physics/NewtonGalileo/Newton2.html
theenlightenmentperiod.weebly.com/sir-isaac-newton.html
www.ushistory.org/us/7a.usp
faculty.ucc.edu/egh-dumerow/the_enlightenment.htm
www.enlighteningscience.sussex.ac.uk/learning-objects/student/science_and_religion/isaac_newton_on_religion
http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/culturelab/2010/01/newtons-apple-the-real-story
http://www.economist.com/node/2003425
http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/cm/v12/n3/sir-isaac-newton
http://www.livescience.com/20296-isaac-newton.htmlr
Counter Claim
Conclusion

The Enlightenment Hall of Fame is for someone who showed that giving up wasn't an option.If, it wasn't for Sir Isaac Newton we wouldn't know of all the things that we want to know.Sir Isaac Newton was a person who just was curious like the rest of us, but what unconnected him from the rest of us is he never stopped becoming curious.Sir Isaac Newton should be in the Enlightenment Hall of Fame, because he is a true Enlightenment thinker.
BY: Cande Alday
Resources used:
theenlightenmentperiod.weebly.com/sir-isaac-newton.html
www.ushistory.org/us/7u.usp


BY: Cande Alday
Resources used:
www.universaltoday.com/38643/what-did-isaac-newton-discover/www.enlighteningscience.sussex.ac.uk/learning_objects/students/science_and_religion/isaac_newton_on_religion

Galileo Galilei-
Impact on the Enlightment:
First person to use a telescope to look at stars and planets
In the Scientific Revolution, he had many discoveries in different sciences
Dicoveries and Beliefs:
built his own telescope based on someone else's invention
Was the first to notice sun spots and moons of Jupiter
Newton was better, because Galilei laid the foundation for the works on gravity which was an invention that Newton discovered. The laws of motion and gravity helped Galilei to go to the conclusion that a feather and a led ball could fall at the same speed.
Resource Used:
www.faculty.ucc.edu/egh-damerow/the_enlightenment.htm
BY: Cande Alday
Reasons why you're individual the best candidate for the Enlightenment Hall of Fame
VS.
By Rory Bach
By Rory Bach
http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/history/galileo.html
Full transcript