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Texas City Disaster
Transcript of Texas City Disaster
Short-term exposure to ammonium nitrate can cause symptoms ranging from minor irritation to nausea, vomiting, gastric irritation, headaches, dizziness and hypertension.
Long term effects on health the primary overdose effects of chronic exposure are orthostatic hypotension and methemoglobinemia. Other common effects include: faintness, fatigue, weakness, depression, mental impairment, dizziness, shortness of breath, and reflex tachycardia; headache, nausea, vomiting, and nephritis may also occur
In disasters such as the explosion in Texas City ammonium nitrate decomposes into the gases nitrous oxide and water vapor when heated (non-explosive reaction); however, ammonium nitrate can be induced to decompose explosively by detonation. Large stockpiles of the material can be a major fire risk due to their supporting oxidation, and may also detonate, as happened in the Texas City disaster of 1947, which led to major changes in the regulations for storage and handling. Treatments to counteract the effects is by going to the doctor and getting a check up to see if they have had health effects because of ammonium nitrate. The tidal wave produced by the explosion sent this 150-foot, 30-ton barge 100 feet inland. The surge of water also killed a number of people who survived the initial blast, drowning them as they lay trapped in rubble or unconscious. After the explosion the fires would continue to burn for a full week. The city was devastated and anything close to the harbor we dead. It was stated that the water around the ship started to boil and water vapor was around the ship with this we can conclude that the marine life by the ship was no longer save to eat or was it save to live in that water. Long term effects though not specific to ammonium nitrate, some studies have shown a link between birth defects (particularly neural tube defects) and nitrate-contaminated well water. witch can come from contaminated water from around the ship. What happened in the Texas City disaster of 1947, which led to major changes in the regulations for storage and handling. After the disaster of the explosion in Texas which was the deadliest industrial accident in U.S. history, and one of the largest non-nuclear explosions there were a lot of precaution measure put in place then before the explosion. This disaster did indeed lead to changes in industrial practices regulation practices and storage changes got put into place. Numerous safety guidelines are available for storing and handling ammonium nitrate. It should not be stored near combustible substances or certain fertilizers, especially urea. Therefore, it is important to store ammonium nitrate in a tightly sealed container. Otherwise it can coalesce into a large, solid mass. Ammonium nitrate can absorb enough moisture to liquefy. With these new precautionary measure hopes of another explosure is not in the soon future. With the explosion in Texas city people were evacuated after the first explosion. so when other ships exploded on 2 people died. This disaster was not an assassination it was an explosion caused by a lite cigarette that was left. The emergency management plan was not in place because obviously a lot of people died and that could have been prevented. History, T. d. (2011, april 16). History . Retrieved 5 28, 2013, from Fertilizer explosion kills 581 in Texas: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/fertilizer-explosion-kills-581-in-texas
Pandanell, M. (2004, April 29). Disasters. Retrieved 5 28, 2013, from The Texas City Disaster: http://www.local1259iaff.org/disaster.html
Texas State Historical Association . (1987, 7 24). Retrieved 5 28, 2013, from Texas City Disaster: http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/lyt01