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Did the War have a Positive or Negative Effect on Canada?
Transcript of Did the War have a Positive or Negative Effect on Canada?
What is the Issue?
I personally think that World War I had a negative effect on Canada. Even though there were some positive things that came out of the war, the negative effect it caused was much greater. More than 60 000 Canadians were killed and thousands were wounded. The War Measures Act and Conscription caused a lot of problems for those living in Canada and caused a lot of anger. The debt that Canada was in because of the war was enormous and took decades to pay off. World War I was a major reason why Canada entered into the Great Depression. Many people suffered because of the effects during and after the war.
World War I
World War I, also known as "the Great War" impacted Canada in many ways both negatively and positively. People debate on the fact of where or not the war was more positive or negative. There are many points brought up about why the war was good for Canada but there are also many points that suggest that there war was terrible for Canada. Even though World War I brought new things to Canada such as more rights for women and independence, what the war cost Canada and the aftermath of the world's actions did a lot of damage.
The war helped the economy of Canada, jobs were created when factories were commissioned to build war supplies. Natural resources such as minerals and food products were exported, this resulted in a major growth in Canada's industry.
Canada is United (Passchendaele & Vimy Ridge):
During World War I, Canada started to look like a real nation. Canadians began to work together to help end the war. The victories of the Canadian troops in Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele showed the strength of Canada and the Canadian soldiers stood out as disciplined and courageous fighters. These battles were what started to make Canada see itself as something more than a country ruled by Britain, but a nation united by a sense of pride and identity.
Canada Becomes Independent:
During World War I, Canada became more independent and was able to have its own seat at the Paris Peace Conference, where it was not represented by Britain. This was a huge for Canada because it was their first step they took to becoming more independent. Once the war was coming to a close, the Treaty of Versailles was signed and Canada made their own decision to sign the treaty. Through the war, Canada became less and less dependent on Britain and took more steps into becoming independent.
Work in industries that were closed to women before the war were now opened. Women developed new skills and received high wages because of their jobs. They also won the right to vote in Manitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan in 1916 and in 1917, Ontario and BC. By the end of the war all of Canada allowed the right for women to vote.
War Measures Act:
Dead & Wounded:
The economic costs of World War I, in destruction and lost productivity, were enormous. Canada sent about a billion dollars worth of war materials overseas and this debt took decades to pay off.
Throughout World War I, more than 60,000 Canadians died and thousands more were wounded. Those who fought in the war faced terrible situations. Many fought in trenches that smelt of fear and death, filled with constant bombardment and sniper fire from the enemies. Life for soldiers in the war was awful and they sacrificed their lives to defend Canada.
The War Measures Act was created by Prime Minister Borden. It granted the Canadian government the authority to do whatever was necessary for the security, defence, peace, order and welfare of Canada. This negatively effected Canada because police had the power to detain people without laying charges, anyone suspected of being an enemy or threat to the government could be imprisoned or deported, recent immigrants from Germany and Austro-Hungarian Empire were treated harshly, and over half a million had to carry special identity cards.
The French and English felt differently about conscription because the French no longer felt a connection with Britain whereas the English still felt somewhat connected. English-speaking Canadians were divided amongst themselves because many people didn’t want conscription because they needed their sons and workers for their farms. Many industrial workers didn’t want to give up their jobs in the factories to fight overseas, they were already having a hard enough time providing for their families. Even though they didn't like it many of the English were all for it. They felt that they would be supporting the war in wanting conscription. Also they had given their husbands and sons, to the war others should have to do the same to help them win and bring back their loved ones.
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