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Transcript of Constitution Project
AP Comp Gov. Article II Jonathan Kwok
Winnie Zhang Section 4 The President, Vice President, and Civil Officers can be removed if they are convicted of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. Section 1-1 Each state may have a number of electors equal to the amount of senators and representatives to which the state may be entitled in Congress.
No person holding office of trust, profit, senator or representative can be an elector.
An elector is someone who picks the president and the vice president.
The electoral college formally elects the president and the vice president. A presidential term is four years. Section 1-2 Section 1-3 The 12th Amendment establishes the process for electing the President and the Vice President. Originally, the two people with the highest votes from the electors were named President and VP, but now requires two separate ballots for the two offices Presidential Order of Succession Section 1-8 The Chief of Justice of the United States usually administers the oath of office.
Judicial Officers can also administer the oath. Section 1-5 -In order to be eligible for Presidency, you must be 35 years of age, have been born in the United States of America, and have been a resident for 14 years or more. Section 1-6 -The 25th amendment establishes the order of succession for Presidency if anything were to happen to him/her i.e. passing away, becoming ill, or being impeached. Section 1-7 -The president earns $400,000 annually with a taxable expense amount of $50,000.
-The president cannot accept "any other emolument," or a bribe of high monetary value. The president has sole power to make appointments of inferior officers in Courts of Law and Heads of Departments Section 2-2 Section 2-1 The Constitution insists on civilian control of the military.
The Cabinet is formed to formally advise the President.
The President may only grant reprieves/pardons to federal cases. The President is named the Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Navy of the U.S. and Militia of several states.
The President must swear to preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States. Section 3 The State of the Union is addressed to Congress but heard by lawmakers and the American people.
The proposed federal budget and an economic report follows the State of the Union.
The President is able to control when Congress meets by calling special sessions to resolve a disagreement as well as adjourning when he sees fit. The three best presidents were: The three worst presidents were: FDR Lincoln Washington Harding Buchanan Johnson He may, with the consent of 2/3 of the Senate, make treaties, appoint ambassadors, public ministers and consuls, and judges of the Supreme Court Section 2-3 A recess appointment is and appointment of a senior federal official by the President when the Senate is not in session On July 7th, 2010, Obama appointed Donald Berwick as the Administrator of Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services. He later resigned in December 2011 because of the likely possibility that he would not win Senate approval because of the strong Republican opposition (In case there is a vacancy for President or VP position)
In Order of when the offices were established: Congress set elections for the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. Casting of electoral votes are the Monday after the second Wednesday in December that year. Vice President and the heads of 15 executive departments: Secretaries of State, Treasury, Defense, Attorney General, Interior, Agriculture, Commerce, Labor, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, Transportation, Energy, Education, Homeland Security, Veterans Affairs The Presidential Cabinet President, Vice-President, Speaker of the House of Representatives, President Pro Tempore of the Senate, Secretary of State, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Defense, Attorney General, Secretary of the Interior, Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of Commerce, Secretary of Labor, Secretary of Health and Human Services, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of Energy, Secretary of Education, Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Secretary of Homeland Security Section 1-4