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Seven Years' War
Transcript of Seven Years' War
War Basic Summary The Seven Years War took place from 1756-1763. It was a fight driven by the British and the French, both wanting to rule the land of North America. Seven years after the fight began, there was a treaty made, the Treaty of Paris, declaring that all land of North America was to be ruled by the British except for some tiny islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. What Caused the Seven Years War? The Seven years War was mainly caused by the conflict of the French and British over territorial and imperial rights in North America. Due to population size and ruling desire, the British wished to expand their land into the Ohio Valley. By doing this they would be able to claim the rights to rule the land and also to gain more trading access. The French wanted to keep their land as well as their imperial rights, so they fought back at the British. This quickly resulted in the Seven Years War. The british eventually won the battle, establishing the Treaty of Paris, and all land in North America except for the tiny islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon became British. The biggest loss for the French was when the British claimed Acadia. Major Battles French Victories 1754: Fort Necessity. 31 British people killed, 369 captured. 3 French people killed, 19 wounded. The british commanders and leaders were George Washington and James Mackay. The French commander was Louis Coulon de Villiers. 1755: Monongahela (near Fort Pitt). 30 French people killed, 57 wounded. 500(+) British people killed, 450(+) wounded. The French commanders and leaders were Daniel Lienardde Beaujeu and Jean- Daniel Dumas Charles de Langlade. The British commanders and leaders were Edward Braddock and George Washington. General James Wolfe General James Wolfe was born in Kent, a country in England on January 2, 1727. As he was growing up he wanted to become a solider just like his father. By the age of 13 he had joined the British army, serving Europe and Scotland. During the Seven Years war he had moved to North America and served Lord Amherst in the assault on Louisbourg. He led front line soldiers and helped capture fort Louisbourg in 1758. After, he returned to England and was told to command expedition against Quebec. After approximately 19 years of service, General James Wolfe past away at the age of 32 on September 13, 1759. Louis-Joseph, Marquis
de Montcalm Louis-Joseph, Marquis de Montcalm was born in France near Nimes on February 28, 1712. Montcalm joined the french army at the age of nine and was captain at the age of 17. By 1756 he had retired and was living in the south of France with his wife and children. Then was soon asked to lead the French forces in Quebec. On September 13, 1759 Montcalm came upon British soldiers lined up along the plains of Abraham. The British had forced the French into fighting using a European style of warfare. The British had won and Montcalm was fatally wounded. And after 32 years of service he had past away on September 14, 1759. British Colonies New France Colonies British Victories 1755: Fort Beausejour. Four British killed, 16 wounded. Eight French killed, six wounded. British Commanders were Robert Monckton, George Scott, and Naval Captain John Rous. 1758: Fort Frontenac. 11 British wounded, and two french killed. British Camandor John Bradstreet. French Comander Pierre-Jacques Payen de Noyan et de Chavoy. 'The Battle of Fort Necessity' by Robert Griffing 'The Wounding of General Braddock'
by Robert Griffing Would Canada Be A Different Place Today if the French Had won the War? We believe that Canada would be an extremely different place today if the French had won the war. If the Treaty of Paris that ended the Seven Years War in 1763 had not been made, then the French would most likely have possession of Canada's land. The official language as well as the culture of our country would all be French, and all the names of our cities and places in Canada would not be the same, except for Quebec. The economy today would also be very different, as our Prime Minister probably wouldn't have been Stephen Harper. Our money currency would probably have been different too. Our laws and rights would not be the same. Europe would also have been effected by the French winning the war. Outcomes of the Seven Years War The Treaty of Paris ended the Seven Years' War between France and Britain. Quebec had been given to Britain because of the Treaty. However, 90% of the population still spoke French and had French traditions. France's navy grew weaker because of the war. They used a rebuilding program with Spain, and then grew stronger again. The belligerents (those engaged in combat) were Prussia, Great Britain, Hanover, Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel, Iroquois Confederacy, Portugal, Hesse-Kassel, Schaumburg-Lippe, France, Austria, Russia, Spanish Empire, Sweden, Saxony, and the Mughal Empire. The loyalists would be protected by the British Government in British North America. All loyalists would also receive a piece of land and supplies to begin a new life. 7000 Loyalists went to Quebec and 34000 went to Nova Scotia. The Seven Years' War was the last major military conflict that took place primarily on the European continent before the French Revolutionary Wars (in 1792). Britain's government was close to bankruptcy, so they were given the task of pacifying the new French Canadian people. Here's a map of Monongahela National forest today: Here's a map of Monongahela in 1755: The French first established colonies in North America in the 17th century. They were designed mostly to provide furs and sugar for exports. During the 1660's the French had very little colonies compared to the other European nations. Also very few settlers immigrated to New France before the French Government took over the colony. This is because the French Government gave trading monopolies to trading companies who promised to invest some of their profit to colonization. However they were not interested in colonization, therefore there were very few settlers. Map of Braddock's
Route MILITARY STRATEGIES One of their military strategies was to keep the British on the defensive side and as far away from the Canadian settlements. This strategy came from the commander in chief and governor general, also known as the Marquis de Vaudreuil. The French approached their wars always in the same way. They would send small numbers of troops or they would just let the colonies defend themselves with next to no help. The French government unsurprisingly mimicked its strategy on the army in Europe, because it would keep most of its army on the European continent. They hoped that such a force would win when they were closer to home. The French The British The British usually avoided large scale commitments of troops on the continent. This was because Europe's interests were antithetical to their enemies', mostly France. During the Seven Years' War, the British chose Frederick the Great, the greatest military strategist at the time, as their principal partner, and his kingdom, Prussia. They took advantage of the fact that they could move troops by sea. They would harass the enemies' shipping and attack enemies' colonies. The END The British were one of the most important colonists in North America. In the early 1600's, England, or Great Britain started establishing colonies in the North-eastern United States. Soon after the British explorers claimed most of the Eastern Coast in North America, and named it Virginia after Queen Elizabeth I, who was also known as the Virgin Queen. However the first successful colony was established at Jamestown in 1607. The English settlements soon developed into thirteen different colonies. These colonies stretched along the Atlantic coast of North America. Shortly after, they were known as the Thirteen Colonies. They were settled by the English, Irish, Scottish, German, and the Dutch. The most profitable industries in the colonies were fishing, farming, and fur trading. The thirteen colonies were founded between the years 1607 and 1733. Pennsylvania Georgia Connecticut Massachusetts Maryland South Carolina New Hampshire Virginia North Carolina Rhode Island New York Delaware The Thirteen Colonies are... New Jersey The Thirteen Colonies http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/09/04/parti-quebecois-win-quebec-election-2012/ Our Article