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Transcript of Reggae
Reggae is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s
The term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that originated following on the development of Ska and Rocksteady.
Reggae is based on a rhythmic style characterized by regular beats on the off-beat, known as the skank. Reggae is normally slower than ska, and usually has accents on the first and third beat in each bar.
Reggae song lyrics deal with many subjects, including religion, love, sexuality, peace, relationships, poverty, injustice and other social and political issues.
The word reggae as a musical term first appeared in print with the 1968 rocksteady hit "Do the Reggay" by The Maytals, but it was already being used in Kingston.
Artists & Albums
Bob Marley, Jimmy Cliff, Peter Tosh, Desmond Dekker, Burning Spear, Toots and The Maytals, Dennis Brown, Gregory Isaacs, Marcia Griffiths and Steel Pulse are all very popular artist in reggae history.
Newer styles and spin offs
Hip hop and rap
REGGAE music is a genre that expressed their feelings through lyrics. Songs were written about protest, racism, corruption and injustice. It has close links with religion based around the Bible that is re-interpreted from a blacks perspective, this is where the term 'Rastafarian' originates from.
Had a strong African Culture; originating in “maroon villages” – secluded lower class, subculture established and maintained by escaped slaves.
Were not accepted within the dominant Anglo-Christian culture.
Distorting physical appearance and dress codes
Mostly accepted by the lower class
Believed the reincarnation of God’s son was “Haile Selassie I”
Believed that Africa as the birthplace of mankind
“Dreads”, Poor Hygiene
“These people – and I am glad that it is only a small number of them – are the wicked enemies of our country. I ask you all to report any unusual or suspicious movements you may see pertaining to the Rastafarians."
Norman Manley, Jamaica’s Prime Minister (1955-1962)
Reggae groups used modern amplified instruments, including lead and rhythm guitars, piano, organ, drums, and electric bass guitar, along with Jamaican percussion instruments (Charlton, Katherine. "Rock Music Styles").
Quality analog recording equipment was readily available at affordable prices during the 1970's. Improvements in stage microphones such as the Shure SM57 and SM58 allowed modest studios to place enough microphones to provide a full sound. Many brands of affordable mixers were available.
AS and a2 technology were very useful during the production of reggae music, it helped to manage samplers, synthesizers, production effects, electric guitars, Drum machines, DAWs/Multi-tracking and microphones.
Reggae music has developed widely in the music industry through many different media, such as magazines, radio, TV and websites. This reaches a wide variety of people. This shows that it is a popular music genre and is appreciated.
Today you can see inspiring performances by reggae artists that are showcased at functions, such as the Caribbean Audio Expo, and Jamaica Sumfest. New age reggae artists such as shaggy, Sean Paul and Abijah have introduced Reggae even more internationally . These events generally take spot on the north coastline (i.e. Ocho Rios, Runaway Bay, Montego Bay, Discovery Bay) of Jamaica, and sometimes the south coastline these kinds of as Negril, Jamaica.
‘Origins of Reggae’ Jamaicans Music Website, viewed 26th Aug 2015, <http://jamaicansmusic.com/learn/origins/reggae>
‘Reggae’ Music Blessing Website, viewed 27th Aug 2015, <http://musicblessing.blogspot.com/2009/03/music-dictionary-reggae.html>
‘Raggae’ Music Rasta Reggae Website, viewed 26th Aug 2015, <http://music-rasta-reggae.blogspot.com/2011/01/reggae.html>
‘Importance of Reggae’ Etudes Caribeennes Website, viewed 26th Aug 2015, <https://etudescaribeennes.revues.org/4740?lang=en>
‘Top 10 Reggae Singers’ List Verse Website, viewed 26th Aug 2015, <http://listverse.com/2012/01/10/top-10-greatest-reggae-singers/>
‘Best Reggae Artists’ Enki Village Website, viewed 26th Aug 2015, <http://www.enkivillage.com/best-reggae-artists.html>
‘Iconic Reggae Artists’ Axs Website, viewed 26th Aug 2015, <http://www.axs.com/10-of-the-most-iconic-reggae-artists-48273>
‘Reggae Course’ Music Tech Student Website, viewed 27th Aug 2015, <http://musictechstudent.co.uk/courses/reggae-ska-and-dub/>
‘AS and A2 Technologies’ Music Tech Student Website, viewed 27th Aug 2015, <http://musictechstudent.co.uk/music-technology/>
‘Instruments of Reggae’ Ehow Website, viewed 27th Aug 2015, <http://www.ehow.com/info_8166022_instruments-used-reggae-music.html>
‘Reggae’ Oxford Music Online Website, viewed 27th Aug 2015, <http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/public/page/reggae>
‘Reggae Music Genres’ Music Genres List Website, viewed 24th Aug 2015, <http://www.musicgenreslist.com/music-reggae/>
‘Story and Genres of Reggae’ A World of Regga Website, viewed 27th Aug 2015, <http://aworldofreggae.com/history-and-genres/>
‘Technolog Change’ All Expert Website, viewed 26th Aug 2015, <http://en.allexperts.com/q/Reggae-3272/2008/11/Technological-changes-during-rise.htm>
‘Rastafari and Reggae’ Jamaica Observer Website, viewed 26th Aug 2015, <http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/columns/Rastafari--reggae-and-history_18385471>
‘Reggae Albums’ Billboard Website, viewed 26th Aug 2015, <http://www.billboard.com/charts/reggae-albums>
Davis, Stephen and Peter Simon. Reggae International. New York: R&B, 1982, p 11,149, 151.
Barrett, Leonard E. The Rastafarians. Boston: Beacon Press, 1997, p 64,180, 220-223,278.
Barrow, Steve and Peter Dalton. Reggae: The Rough Guide. London: Rough Guides Ltd. 1997
Clapton, Eric (1974). “I Shot The Sheriff “ (Bob Marley). New York: RSO Records, 2090 132-A, 45 tours.
Chude-Sokei, L. (1997a) “Dr. Satan’s Echo Chamber:” Reggae, Technology and the Diaspora Process. Bob Marley Lecture
Chang, K. O’B. and Chen, W. (1998) Reggae Routes: the story of Jamaican Music, Kingston: Iran Randle Publisher
Sherlock P., Bennett H. (1998). The Story of the Jamaican People, Kingston, Ian Randle Publishers
Salewicz C., Boot, A. (2001). Reggae Explosion:histoire des musiques de Jamaïque, Paris, Éditions du Seuil.
(Jamaicans Music 2015)
(Jamaicans Music 2015)
(Music Blessing 2015)
(Music Blessing 2015)
(Music Rasta Reggae 2015)
(Enki Village 2015)
Sub-genres for reggae
• Lovers rock
(A World of Reggae 2015)
(Music Genres List 2015)
(Leonard Barrett 1997, p 64,180, 220-223,278)
(Jamaica Observer 2015)
(Music Tech Student 2015)
(All Expert 2015)
‘Reggae Future’ Jamaica Observer Website, viewed 26th Aug 2015, <http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/entertainment/Future-of-reggae-safe--says-Wailing-Souls_14570498>
(Jamaica Observer 2015)
‘Reggae future news’ Music Genres List Website, viewed 24th Aug 2015, <http://www.outaroad.mobi/archives.html>