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Mesoamerica:The Aztecs

The Eight Features of a Civilization

Sierra Eastman

on 22 May 2013

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Transcript of Mesoamerica:The Aztecs

Mesoamerica: The Aztecs By:Sierra Eastman The Eight Features of Civilization Cities Tenochtitlan: The capital city of the Aztec Empire
Tuxpan, Huaxyacac, and Tehuantepec are other big cities in the Aztec Empire The Aztecs arrived in Mesoamerica around the beginning of the 13th century. The Aztec Empire was located in what is now Mexico. They built their capital, Tecnochtitlan, on Lake Texcoco. The Eight Features of a Civilization -Cities
-Organized Central Government
-Job Specialization
-Complex Religions
-Social Classes
-Art and Architecture
-Public Works Organized Central Government The Aztecs had an emperor, a king who ruled over all the people of the empire, but the empire was divided into city-states. A noble family controlled each city individually. The emperor's palace was located in the capital city of the empire. Tecnochtitlan Social Classes Emperor of the empire Nobles or Priests Merchants and Artisans Warriors Commoners: Farmers and Slaves Social Classes (continued) -Emperor: Ruled all of the people in the Aztec Empire
-Nobles: Served as officials, ,judges and governors of the city-states
-Priests: Preformed rituals and gave advice
-Warriors: Killed or captured enemies
-Merchants: Sold and traded goods, also acted as spies for the emperor
-Artisans: Made things by hand and passed their skills on to their children
-Farmers: Made up most of the population, provided food for the people
-Slaves: Were captives or criminals Complex Religion The Aztecs had at least 128 deities. Huitzilopochtli, the sun god, was the chief Aztec god and the Aztecs believed that they needed to provide the god with strength by making human sacrifices or the sun would not rise. They Aztecs also were concerned by spiritual questions like, Is there life after death? or Do the gods really exist? Job Specialization As the Aztec civilization grew and advanced, individual people couldn't do all the work. Specific tasks needed to be done and people started focusing on one job. Jobs included artisans, merchants, teachers, stone cutters, scribes, farmers, warriors and more. Writing The Aztec language was called Nahuatl. They developed a system of pictures and symbols to communicate information. They had hundreds of different symbols and joined them together to form sentences to write stories and keep records.
Aztecs also had books called Codices. The books were long strips of paper, made from deerskin or tree bark, that folded like an accordion. At each end of the strip was a piece of wood that would act as a cover. Both sides of the paper were written on and it could be read top to bottom or left to right. Arts and Architecture -The Aztecs built aqueducts to control the supply of water for irrigation and bathing. - The Aztecs built chinampas, or beds of weeds, mud, and earth placed in frames made of cane and rooted in lakes, to create "floating islands", a system of irrigated agriculture. Public Works -Aztec art included richly colored clothing, architecture, ceremonial knives, head dresses and many other things that were adorned with jewels and feathers. Aztecs also had many painting that expressed a variety of different things such as insects, birds, fish and other animals. The art was also religion related and showed the different gods that were worshiped. - They also created bridges to make it easier to get from the city, Tecnochtitlan, to the mainland. The cities were planned carefully with the buildings, chinampas and other architectural features
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