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Talha Salis

on 23 September 2013

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Transcript of Legislative

The Madisonian Model of Government:
The 3 Branches of Government, and their Check and Balances

What is it?
Congress is made up of two houses, just the way most of the state legislatures are made up.
The upper house is called the Senate, and the lower house is called the House of Representatives. Men and women who belong to the House of Representatives are called representatives. They may also be called congressmen or congresswomen.

What can it do?
- Try cases of impeachment
- Override a president's veto with a 2/3s vote
- Approve of the president's appointments of office, such as Supreme Court Judges
- Gives the O.K. for spending/treaties with other countries
What limits does it have?
- President can veto
- President makes the budget
- Sign bills of Congress
What is it?
The executive branch of government consists of the President and his Cabinet of advisors.
The president:
- Commander-in-Chief
- Makes treaties and foreign policy
- Appoints judges and ambassadors
- Call out troops
- Speak directly to the people
What can it do?
- Assign a budget
- Veto Congress bills
- Talk to the people; in Congress, the people talk to it.
- Carry out laws.
What limits does it have?
- Congress can override the president's veto
- While executive makes budget, congress uses it
- Makes laws
- While executive controls troops, Congress declares war.
What is it?
The judicial branch is the interpreter of law; while it may not make laws, it interprets their meaning, essentially writing the law. It is, after all, a judge.
- Located in D.C.
- Multiple levels; What courts do what depends on their closeness to the issue.
(civil courts VS. SCOTUS)
The judicial branch can interpret the laws that Congress makes, and rule any acts of the other branches of Madisonian government unconstitutional. It has the final word - what it says is, well, law.
There is no appeal beyond the Supreme Courts.
What limits does it have?
- Makes the laws for it to interpret
- Can remove judges from office for misconduct (no, they still can't get a different job)
House of Representatives
- The number of representatives a state has depends on the population of the state. Every state must have at least one representative though. Law now sets the total number of representatives at 435.
- Representatives stay in office for only two years.
If they want to stay in the House of Representatives, they must run for reelection every two years
- The House of Representatives has special powers that no other branch has.
-To start all revenue (money) bills.
-To impeach civil officers.
-To elect a President if no candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes.

- Under the Constitution, each state has two senators.
- Each of the fifty states elects two men or women to the Senate of the United States. These senators stay in office for six years.
- The Senate also checks the President by having the power to approve or not approve the treaties he makes with other nations.
- The Senate also approves the appointments that the President makes to his Cabinet, ambassadors, federal judges, and all civilian employees of the government who are not covered by another area.
- The Senate can try cases of impeachment
Law Making Body
Declare War
- Interprets laws that Congress makes
- Can declare the actions of Congress unconstitutional
- Appoint judges for life (which means they can't have another job)
- Yeah, that's pretty much it.
- Can rule the actions of the president unconstitutional
What can it do?
- Can appoint Judges
Full transcript