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History of the English Language

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by

Matthew Lau

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of History of the English Language

The English that people speak around the world...
...had very humble beginnings.
England
(a.k.a. Britain
a.k.a. Britannia)
CELTIC
Germanic
"Bucket"
"Noggin"
"Cross"
100 most common English words
Latin
the mother tongue of the
Vikings
Scandinavian
spread by the swords of Romans
"Slogan"
Britons
"Flannel"
York
Lancaster
London
"deer"
"mother"
"ax"
"knight"
"tree"
"year"
"above"
"OK!"
"STEAK!"
"Computer!"
800-1050 AD
bug
blunder
crawl
dirt
egg
give
take
kindle
mug
outlaw
rotten
stagger
thwart
ugly
wing
c. 450 AD - c.1000 AD
blizzard
French
1066 - 1400s AD
amuse
justice
blanket
captain
develop
expert
favorite
gingerbread
harmony
ingredient
journalism
kennel
liberty
military
navigation
observatory
permanent
questionnaire
radioactive
sacred
trial
unique
vehicle
warrant
zest
Modern English
Renaissance
Shakespeare Newton King James
Bible
1400s - 1600s
cold-blooded zany
eyeball worthless
champion fixture
dawn fashionable
acid
gravity
submarine
calculus
sternum
barometer
temperature
centrifugal
electricity
cardiac
"A house divided" Matthew 12:25
"Apple of my eye" Deuteronomy 2:10
"At my wit's end" Psalm 107:27
"Blind leading the blind" Matthew 15:14
"By the skin of our teeth" Job 19:20
"Drop in the bucket" Isaiah 40:15
"Eye for an eye" Exodus 21:24
"Fell on rocky ground" Matthew 13:5
"Golden calf" Exodus 32
"Good Samaritan" Luke 10:25-37
"Handwriting on the wall" Daniel 5:5
dauntless
besmirch
lackluster
alligator
Amerind
chipmunk
hickory
moccasin
possum
toboggan
raccoon
avocado
coyote
chocolate
tomato
shack
kayak
igloo
anorak
muckamuck
canoe
Modern

English

is

made

up of loan-
words
(
words taken from other

languages
),

neologisms
(
invented

words
),
and

combinations

of the two
English goes Global
1700s - today
shampoo
boomerang
ketchup
zombie
yo-yo
jazz
voodoo
potato
buckaroo
algebra
coffee
paper
guitar
orange
zero
borscht
glitch
klutz
pistol
robot
soy
tea
balcony
chess
the 1600s-1700s
ENGLISH:
TRULY

A

GLOBAL

LANGUAGE

"arrow"
"...brought to you by the Normans!"
Viking Raids
The language of the
6000 BC - c. 40 AD
The Celtic Expansion
The Roman Occupation of Britain
43 AD - 410 AD
the Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes
The Anglo-Saxon Settlement of Britain
The Norman Conquest and Rule
"Let's take some pride in our own language!"
The languages of Native Americans
The settling of the New World
The British and American Empires
English is now an official language
in over 70 countries
with combined populations of over 1.8 billion!
"Angle-land"
person
ceremony
autumn
"Ye Olde English"
Normandy
(part of France)
"Middle English"
"Ye Olde English"
+
French
=
Latin and Greek
English as Literature
science
medicine
art
literature
geography
Full transcript