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Transcript of Ghana Empire
What Almoravid leader invaded Ghana in 1062?
Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar (-1087 A.D.)
What city of Ghana had his forces reached by 1067?
What happened to the people of that city when it finally fell to the Almoravids?
The people were either converted to Islam or killed.
What are the three main beliefs of traditional Sudanese religions and explain the role they play in the lives of its followers.
1. The spirit world- these people believed that their lives were influenced by spirits.
2. Priests and Diviners- the people believed that the priests and diviners helped the people connect and interact with the gods.
3. Worshiping ancestors- these people also believed that their ancestors lived after death and could influence the gods in the descendant's favor or as punishment.
Explain the role that Griots play in preserving and transmitting history.
The Griots told stories and made songs about the civilization's history to younger generations, traders, villagers, and kings, also known as oral tradition. Griots originated in the 13th century within the Mali Empire.
There are many negative effects that the spread of Islam and the Arabic language bring to West Africa. Examples include-
The spread is often accomplished by war, not trade.
West Africa had their own religious beliefs.
The oral tradition has great value, so when traders don't talk, just fight for their religion, ideas are lost.
Islam is a huge part in many West African's lives, but what most Muslims don't know is that there were actually several consequences to the spread of Islam and the Arabic language. The West African Empire we will be talking about is Ghana, which lasted from around 750 A.D. to 1076, when Ghana was put into war that ultimately led to Ghana's downfall.
Islam is recorded to have reached West Africa as early as the 8th century A.D.
By Ewen Warman, Alyson Saxton, and Cayden Burgei
The story of Kumbi Saleh is just one example of the spread of Islam and the Arabic language where it was not accomplished in peace. We know this by the oral traditions passed on by the Griots.