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Transcript of Italy
Giorgio Napolitano Religion Roman Catholic Christians Italian Anthem:
Il Canto degli Italiani Climate The climates varies considerably from the north to south of Italy.
In the north of the country the climate is harsh, with very cold winters and very hot, particularly humid summers.
The climate in central Italy is milder, with a smaller difference in temperature between summer and winter and a shorter and less intense cold season than in the north; summers are longer.
In southern Italy and the islands winter are never particularly harsh, and spring and autumn, temperatures are similar to those reached in the summer in other areas of Italy. Physical Geography Italy is located in southern Europe and comprises the long, boot-shaped Italian Peninsula, the land between the peninsula and the Alps, and some islands including Sicily and Sardinia. Its total area is 301,230 km2 (116,310 sq. mi), of which 294,020 km2 (113,520 sq. mi) is land and 7,210 km2 is water (2,784 sq. mi). Volcanoes
Many elements of the Italian territory are of volcanic origin. Most of the small islands and archipelagos in the south, like Carpalia, Ponza, Ischia, Ustica and Pantelleria are volcanic islands. There are also active volcanoes: Etna, in Sicily, the largest active volcano in Europe; Vulcano, Stromboli, and Vesuvius, near Naples, are the only active volcanoes on mainland Europe. Stromboli Rivers and seas
Most of Italy's rivers drain either into the Adriatic Sea or into the Thyrrhenian, though the waters from some border municipalities drain into the Black Sea through the basin of the Drava, a tributary of the Danube, and the waters from the Lago di Lei in Lombardy drain into the North Sea through the basin of the Rhine. Mountains
Almost 40% of the Italian territory is mountainous, with the Alps as the northern boundary and the Apennine Mountains forming the backbone of the peninsula and extending for 1,350 km (840 mi).In between the two lies a large plain in the valley of the Po. The Po Valley is the largest plain in Italy, with 46,000 km2 (18,000 sq. mi), and it represents over 70% of the total plain area in the country. Lago di lei Po valley Religion Catholicism is by far the largest religious group in Italy. (Catholics make up 87.8% of the population, with 36.8% considering themselves practicing Catholics and 30.8% attending Church every Sunday However, there are also some important religious minorities.
According to a 2011 survey 60% of the Italians are Christians, 20% are irreligious, atheist or agnostic, 2% adhere to unspecified other religions, 1% are Muslims. Popilation/cities/Capital Population Population:60,418,711
0-14 years: 13.5% (male 4,056,156/female 3,814,070)
15-64 years: 66.3% (male 19,530,696/female 18,981,084)
65 years and over: 20.2% (male 4,903,762/female 6,840,444)
Population growth rate:
8.01 births/1,000 population
10.83 deaths/1,000 population
Italy has approx. 682 people per square mile
Most Populated State:
Less Populated State:
Cities 10 most famous cities in Italy 1.Rome
10.Genoa Capital: Rome Rome is the capital of Italy and also of Lazio . With 2.8 million residents in 496.3 sq mi, it is also the country's largest and most populated city and fourth-most populous city in the European Union by population within city limits. Between 3.2 and 3.8 million people live in the Rome urban and metropolitan area. The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy. Rome is referred to as "The Eternal City". Sports and Recreation Soccer is the most popular sport in Italy. Every major city has a professional soccer team. Italy has won four world cups, in 1934, 1938, 1982, and 2006.
Some other important sports include cycling, Formula one racing, and basketball.
Another activity that Italian families like to do is to cook and eat altogether.
National Holidays/Foods/Customs National Holidays 1. Epiphany, January 6
January 6 is the end of Italy's Christmas season and the day when children traditionally get presents or sweets from la Befana. In Vatican City, a procession of hundreds of people in medieval costumes walk to the Vatican, carrying symbolic gifts for the Pope who says a morning mass in Saint Peter's Basilica to commemorate the visit of the Wise Men bearing gifts for Jesus.
2. Liberation Day, April 25
Liberation Day, Festa della Liberazione commemorating the end of WWII in Italy, is a national holiday marked by ceremonies, historic re-enactments, and celebrations. Most major sites and museums are open and many towns hold fairs, concerts, food festivals, or special events.
3. Republic Day, June 2
Festa della Repubblica, June 2, commemorates the birth of the Italian Republic. Most major sties and attractions are open and it's another day when you may find concerts, parades, and other special events.
4. All Saint's Day, November 1
All Saint's Day, Ognissanti, is a day honoring all the saints and is normally celebrated with a mass on November 1. On the following day, All Soul's Day (which is not a holiday), Italians place flowers on the tombs of their ancestors so you'll see lots of flowers on sale leading up to November 2 and if you visit a cemetary it will be full of flowers.
5. Christmas Day, December 25
Christmas Eve and Christmas Day are usually spent with family and big meals are prepared. Most churches hold a midnight mass on Christmas Eve and the traditional nativity scene is often unveiled or completed then. Nativity pageants are often performed during the period from December 24-26. On Christmas Day nearly everything will be closed, including many restaurants, so if you're looking for a restaurant it's advisable to book ahead. Foods A.Pasta.
10 most famous Italian pasta
1) Rigatoni alla Carbonara
2) Spaghetti alla Norma
3) Trenete al Pesto
4) Bucatini all’ Amatriciana
5) Spaghetti con le Vongole
6) Linguini allo Scoglio
7) Fettucine all’ Alfredo
8) Farfalle al salmone
9) Spaghetti Alglio e Oglio
10) Penne alla Bolognese
.2 Types of Pizza
8 most famous cheeses
4) Burrata di Andria
5) Caciocavallo Podolico
6) Caciocavallo Silano
7) Caciofiore Aquilano
D. Parma Ham
H.Zuppa di pesce
I.Zuppa de cozze
J.Scaloppine di Vitello
L.Tiramisu 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Customs 1th Centuary 5th Centuary 10th Centuary 15th Centuary 20th Centuary 21th Centuary(present) All Saint's Day Liberation Day Economic Activity/Resources $ % # Italy has a diversified industrial economy with high gross domestic products per capital and developed in fracture. Italy was the 8 largest economy in the world and 5 in Europe. The United States is one of Italy's most important trade partners. As a member of the European Union (EU), Italy is bound by EU treaties and laws, including those directly governing or indirectly impacting business investments. Energy and natural resources Agriculture 1.Iron
6.Fruits Goverment/Healthcare/Education Goverment Government
In 1946 Italy changed its government. People voted to change their nation from a monarchy, which was ruled by a king to a republic that was headed by a president. King Humbert the 2nd fastest left the throne and the voters elected 556 members to the Constituent Assembly to write a constitution. The constitution was passed in 1947 and took effect on January 1,1948. The constitution established a government, which was made up of a president, the Council of Ministers headed by a prime minister, and a Parliament with a Senate and a Chamber of Deputies.
The president of Italy was elected to a seven-year term by both of the houses of Parliament. In Italy the president must be at least 50 years old. Italy doesn’t have a vice president. If the president of Italy is sick, the president of the Italian Senate takes over the job. If the president dies, a presidential election is held.
Prime Minister and Cabinet
The prime minister decides a national policy and is the most important person in the Italian government. The prime minister is picked by the president, but can be voted out of office any time. Members of the cabinet are picked by the prime minister, and usually come from the members of Parliament.
The Chamber of Deputies and Senate are the Parliament. The Chamber of Deputies has 630 members who are elected by voters from 27 voting districts. The Senate has 315 members who are elected by voters, from 20 units called regions, and members picked by the President for life.
Men over 18 years old have to go to the army, the Air Force for 12 months or the Navy for 16 months.
Health care spending in Italy accounted for 9.0% of GDP in 2006 (about $2,600 per capita) of which about 75% is public, slightly more than the average of 8.9% in OECD countries. In the WHO's last health care ranking in 2000, Italy's healthcare system was regarded as the 2nd best in the world after France, and according to the CIA World fact book, Italy has the world's 10th highest life expectancy. Thanks to its good healthcare system, the life expectancy at birth in Italy was 80.9 years in 2004, which is two years above the OECD average. Healthcare Education in Italy is compulsory from 6 to 16 years of age,and is divided into five stages: kindergarten (scuola dell'infanzia), primary school (scuola primaria), lower secondary school (scuola secondaria di primo grado), upper secondary school (scuola secondaria di secondo grado) and university (università).Italy has both public and private education systems.
Literacy Rate: 98.9 Education Current Events
1.SKELETON FOUND IN MAFIA-OWNED PIZZERIA: The pizzeria, in the town of Lecco north of Milan, was once the property of the 'Ndrangheta, now considered the most powerful of Italy’s four crime organizations. A human skeleton was found hidden behind the walls of a pizzeria once owned by the Calabrian mafia. The human remains were found during the course of renovations to the property, which is due to be turned into a recreation centre for pensioners.
2.Dog turns up to dead owner's church every day: Two months after his owner died, a dog in Italy keeps turning up each day at the church she used to attend. Ciccio, a 12-year-old German shepherd, waits in vain in front of the altar of the Santa Maria Assunta church in the village of San Donaci in the southern region of Puglia. Tourist Attractions Top tourist attractions Reasons why you should not visit Italy 1.Colosseum
2.Santa Maria del Fiore
3.Piazza del Campo
7.Tower of Pisa
8.Canals of Venice
9.Towers of San Gimignano 1.Reckless drivers
2.Plenty of tourists
5.Crime Made by: Maria