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Pop culture depended on being up to date with current events, whether it was something in music or fashion, or anything else. After World War II, people wanted something new. Neil Armstrong and the first walk on the moon
in 1969. During the late 1960's teenagers started
misusing their allowances to buy marijuana. Students protested 1968 in France. 1960 The Boufant Look This dress was where the top part was tight, and the skirt of the dress puffs out. 1961 Where people teased their hair and piled it onto their head. This was a big hit. The Beehive & Pants Women started wearing pants. 1962 The Beatnik Also known as the beat look, this was a time of black everything. This look included black berets, black slacks that were tight on women and dark glasses. Women also wore dark eye makeup. Men wore sandals. 1963 The Bikini The bikini came into fashion after being featured in a film called: Beach Party. The Beatles Pierre Cardin designed the Beatles suits which became popular for men. The suit had a single breasted collarless jacket and slim pants. Mary Quant Mary Quant started her own label, and designed mini skirts, coloured tights, and wet look vinyl fashions. 1964 The Space Age Different materials were used such as discs of metal or plastic linked together with wire. Leather is also used. Metallic or neon colors were used as the main colous on the clothing. 1965 Men's Hairstyles Men began wearing haircuts like: the pompadour and flattop. Then later in the year men began wearing sideburns. 1966 Bright Clothing Bright clothing is now a hit. Colors (acid colors) are brighter and bolder. Men begin to dress "fancy". 1967 Ethnic Fashion The ethnic look is clothing picked up from other cultures. 1969 The Afro African-American hairstyles
for men and women including
the afro were introduced
at this time. America experienced an economical boom as an aftermath of the war. Second-wave feminism is a period of feminist activity that first began in the early 1960s in the United States, and eventually spread throughout the Western world. In the United States the movement was initially called the Women's Liberation Movement and lasted through the early 1980s. This affected many aspects of design and
of art. They were protesting for the use of more sustainable and natural material in interior spaces. Pop Art History History Surrealism Pop Artists Eduardo Paolozzi Pop Furniture Pop Fashion The Dada movement is one of the
first forms of art that was close to
people. Marcel Duchamp is the first artist who
made unusual art. 1919 1917 After Dada Art came Surrealism, it was a more conventional type of art. Salvador Dali
1931 1924-2005 Richard Hamilton 1922-2011 Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing?” It also showed the many different new technologies. For example, the vacuum cleaner, the radio, the television, the theatre in the background, the “Ford” sign, and so on. Even though it was mentioned earlier that Paolozzi’s work was the first that mentioned the word “Pop”, it also happens to be mentioned in this poster as well. Designed as a poster for the landmark exhibition This Is Tomorrow. The poster summarizes all the different themes that will be introduced with Pop style. The poster showed the overly sexual man and woman, barely dressed. Interior II 121.9 x 162.6 cm 1964 There is a huge difference between his first poster and this painting; you can view the maturity in art and thought. This is considered to be one of
his more mature works and it
was influenced by American
Pop artists. It was named
Inetrior II, and it showed an interior
space with a still image of an
actress of that time;
her name was Patricia Knight. Roy Lichtenstein 1923-1997 1963 1964 Another prominent artist was Roy Lichtenstein. Lichtenstein was an American comic artist. He was born in 1923. He became a leading figure in Pop art. He met many of the other pop artists during his career. Lichtenstein had a very different approach than Hamilton and Paolozzi, he was more interested in comics than in posters, or collages. Andy Warhol 1928-1987 A leading artist in Pop Art.
He was of American origins and
he trained as a commercial artist
at the Carnegie Institute of
Technology, and when he moved
to New York in 1949 he quickly established a career in selling illustrations to magazines such as Vogue and The New Yorker. 1962 It was an acrylic on canvas
and it was 182.9 x 138.4 cm.
It was one of his earliest
works, and it was painted in
a very realistic style. Big Campbel's Soup Marilyn Monroe In 1967 Warhol created a
serigraph of Marilyn Monroe,
it was 91.5 x 91.5 cm,
it is placed in
Museum of Modern Art in New York. This painting was made by using silkscreens made from photographic images, which were laid on the canvas and printed with synthetic polymer paint. Later in his career Warhol concentrated more on portraiture. He also produced a self-portrait in 1967, it became one of the defining images of Pop Art movement. Jasper Johns 1930- . In 1954 johns had a dream that he
painted the American flag. So a year later
he actually painted the work in encaustic,
oil and collage on fabric. People criticized
his painting because they said he didn’t
do anything new, but he always answered
and said: “ I am just trying to look for a way
to make pictures”. He freed his painting
from the need to have any incorporated
message. White Numbers It was encaustic on canvas,
it was also 170.2 x 125.8 cm
in size. 1958
He aslo painted “Fool’s House”
in 1962, it was on oil
painting on canvas of the size 182.9 x 91.4 cm. johns once identified this work as an influence by the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein. It didn’t really have
any meaning and this helped
in improving the technique. He also said that reading Wittgenstein caused him
to reject the traditional notion of the meaning of art. From Bauhaus to the Fun House The 1960’s were known to be a fun and energetic time, and that aspect reflected on the furniture and the interiors as well. "Read about us and Marvel!
You did not live in our time--be sorry!"
IIya Ehrenburg Design always reflects its time; therefore, the designs in the 1960's were very new, fun and inventive, and were inspired very much by the Pop Art movement. What is Pop Furniture? "FUN" It was most known for its bright colors, geometric shapes, and oversized scales and forms. Anthropomorphic “Man” Chaise called Bouloum, 1968
Oliver Mourgue Pop furniture was very representative and was inspired by pretty much everything Designers studied the human body and its components and used that as some of their inspirations. "Do It Yourself" Major Events Italy Italians were the most successful furniture makers in Pop furniture. Furniture changed Italy's consumerism Italy was the first to use plastic technology France It was in France where the inflatable architecture movement took hold against the backdrop of the worker/student unrest in 1968 to be more environmentally friendly. United States Bloomingdale's were the first department store ever to have a chrome -and-glass cocktail table in 1963. Major Furniture Pieces through time Egg Chair, 1958-1960
Arne Jacobsen Plastic Stacking Chair, 1960
Verner Panton Major Furniture Pieces through time Peacock Chair, 1960
Verner Panton Corona Chair, 1961
Paul Volther Major Furniture Pieces through time Human Hand Chair, 1962
Pedro Friedeberg The Sea Urchin Chair, 1965
Roger Dean Major Furniture Pieces through time The Blow Chair, 1967
Gionatan De Pas, Donato D’Urbino, and Paolo Lomazzi Tubo Chair, 1969
Joe Colombo Scottish artist born in 1924; he began
making collages in the 1940’s. He
used to collect visual sources usually
from American newspapers and magazines. He made a notebook out of these images and this notebook was not supposed to be used. “Bunk! Evadane in Green Dimension”
was done in the year 1952.
The dimensions were 32.5 x 24.5 cm.
This painting showed a bulky man
carrying a car with just one hand.
The painting can be understood in so many
different ways. But from any female’s
point of view, it would surely be understood as sexist, and that it shows how in his opinion men were dominating women. It anticipates Pop Art directly because it was the first piece that had “Pop” written on it. This piece shows a woman in black stockings, an airplane, a coca cola bottle, and writing which said:
“I was a Rich
If this be Sin
Woman of the
Daughter of Sin” Born in London in 1922; he was a
British painter and a collage artist.
His early works were considered to
be of the first works of Pop Art. ` The Hippies 1968 Skirts begin to lengthen out,
along with hair. The
"Hippie look" is now popular.
The women wore long floor
length dresses and skirts
Men continued to grow their
hair longer. Hippies
their bodies. The Bean Bag Chairs - Sacco The bean bag chair we all know were invented in 1969 Italian designers Gatti, Paolini, and Theodora were working for Zanotta design The original Sacco's were pear shaped leather bags At first they were filled with pellets, but then they were replaced with different kinds of foam or beads. There was a rumor that the Sacco was discovered by accident when a Styrofoam factory put all the leftover pieces from the production line in a bag. There were benefits to the bean bags chairs as well. It helped with sensory-integration troubles and back surgery or people with back problems. Importer George Tanier said of its 1969 introduction at the Milan Furniture Fair,
"The first time I saw the bean bag, there was such a crowd, you had to wait one hour to get to the front" A big Hit! Artifort Chair, the Mushroom, the Ribbon, tongue chair, and more, late 60’s
Pierre Paulin Major Furniture Pieces through time Culbuto Series, 1970
Marc Held Major Furniture Pieces through time Blew up Joe DiMaggio's baseball glove, 1971
Gionatan De Pas, Donato D’Urbino, and Paolo Lomazzi Capitello Chair, 1971
Piero Gilardi of the Italian design group Studio 65 Major Furniture Pieces through time Snake-like Serpentone Sofa, 1971
Cini Boeri Marilyn Monroe’s Lips Seat, 1972
Studio 65 Acrylic Chair and Table, late 60’s
Neal Small Major Furniture Pieces through time Major Furniture Pieces through time Volva 2 Armchair, 1960’s
Tinsley Galyean & Marc Hermelin One Size Fits All Foam ball / The Orb, 1960’s
Terrance Cashen Max Clendinning He was an architect and an interior designer. He was born in Ireland in 1924 and is still alive today. He also created design for Christian Dior and Liberty and Co. He has lived in England with partner Ralph Adron for 40 years. Maxima Chair, 1965 Lounge Chair, 1967 Cabinet & Chair, 1965 Eero Aarnio He is a Finnish interior designer.
. He was known for his magical ways in plastic. He owned a shop in Helsinki in 1962 and is well known around the world for his ball chair, the pastille and the tomato chairs. Today, he works for the German furniture manufacturer Adelta. He was born July 21st 1932 and is still alive today. Mighty Ball chair, the Sphere, the Globe, the Thunder-ball, the Bomb, 1967 Pastille Chair, 1968 Tomato Chair, 1971 Wendell Castle He is an American furniture artist and a leading figure in American craft. He is often recognized with being the father of the art furniture movement. He worked with fiberglass reinforced polyester before returning to his career as a woodworker. His plastic furnishings are pure pop, twisting organic shapes out of the most inorganic of materials. Surreal Settee from the Molar Series, 1968-1969 Castle Armchair from the Molar Series, 1968-1969 Neon Light Sculpture, 1968-1969 Molar Dining Chairs and Tables, 1969 How it Ended.. "Furniture design in the 1960's" ended in about 1972 when New York Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) preserved then-current Italian furniture in an exhibition called "The New Domestic Landscape." After the 1973 crisis and worldwide recession, furniture products were decreasing dramatically. In the early 1970's, people were interested in Art Nouveau again, after it had been ignored for so many years. They didn't want Pop anymore, they moved away from the Pop colors, the glass lighting fixtures, and the plastic chairs. They started to become interested in vintage furniture and antiques. Later on, in about 1979, people started going back to old designs and habits. The 1960's were the last future thinking design era, after that, design started going backwards in time and taste. Pop Interior Design BloomingDale's BloomingDale's BloomingDale's What is Design? Special room decor was inspired from movies, popular music, and art. People wanted to design their own home and do their own designs, which helped with the "Do it yourself" market trend of the 1960's. Houses became more open planned, more free and flowy Kitchens became important elements of the house and were open to the large living rooms. Kitchens began to have bars that were part of the living room and large refrigerators and big ovens and other machines. Everyone affording a television Design started to be more decorative than functional Design at this time was not environmentally friendly; people were very much obsessed with technology and advancements rather than the environment. Green Design" was first adapted in the 1970's in Germany, and it was formally adopted by architects and furniture designers in the 1980's. Bloomingdale's were the first department store ever to have a chrome -and-glass cocktail table in 1963.
The famous inflatable furniture in Pop furniture that began in Italy were also used in the United States in department stores model rooms such as in Bloomingdale's Bloomingdale’s “Cave Room”, 1968, NY
Barbara White Bloomingdale’s model room featuring inflatable furniture and an over grown shag rug, 1960’s
Barbara White Bloomingdale’s Model room, late 60’s
Barbara White All-Cardboard Bloomingdale’s Model Room, Early 70’s
Frank Gehry Pierre Cardin Model Room at Bloomingdale’s, Early 70’s “Saturday’s Generation” Showroom in Bloomingdale’s
George Beylerian Verner Panton Wild Zurich Showroom for Plus-Linje, 1961 Cut-Foam Environment for Visiona II, 1970 Varna’s Restaurant, 1970 Max Clendinning The Attic Studio, 1969 Chelsea, 2012