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The Great Leap Forward
Transcript of The Great Leap Forward
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
A 5 year plan aimed at strengthening agriculture and industry
Formed Communes of 5000 families where everything was shared
Thesis: Intended to make China a world-class economy by 1980, Mao Zedong's Great Leap Forward (1958-1961) was a social and political campaign that failed stupendously, causing economic regression and the deaths of millions from starvation.
Mao increased production quotas after a successful harvest in 1958.
Traditional farming methods were replaced with agricultural experimentation. Resulting famine killed millions of people.
Workers were beaten, tortured, and humiliated until they starved.
Great Leap Forward (1958-1961). N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2014.
The Great Leap Forward Period in China, 1958-1960. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2014. <http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/greatleap.htm>.
History Learning Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2014. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/great_leap_forward.htm>.
The Independent. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2014. <http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/news/maos-great-leap-forward-killed-45-million-in-four-years-2081630.html>.
RUTGERS. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2014. <http://www.ncas.rutgers.edu/mao-and-great-leap-forward>.
The Great Leap Forward caused the Great Chinese Famine which killed about 45 million people due to starvation and diseases.
After Mao resigned, China was now controlled by three communists, Liu Shao-chi, Chou En-lai, and Deng Xiaoping
At least 2.5 million people were tortured and beaten to death and about 2 million people committed suicide.
Overall, it sucked.
Communes were encouraged to establish backyard production furnaces to create steel from scrap metal
Steel produced from these furnaces was low quality and largely useless. As scrap metal ran out, peasants began melting useful objects to meet quotas, essentially making useful objects into junk
Lack of coordination resulted in material shortages and waste of manpower, while the goods that were produced by factories were low quality
Rather than being a step towards greater economic strength, it was a leap backwards for China as a whole
Intended to be a 5-year plan, it instead it lasted for 3 years ("Three Bitter Years" in China)
Resulted as one of the world's worst famines--the exact number of deaths has never been officially reported