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DJHS - Chapter 4, Section 1 - The Early Greeks

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Shane Corley

on 21 November 2013

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Transcript of DJHS - Chapter 4, Section 1 - The Early Greeks

The Early Greeks
The Early Greeks
World History 8

Coach Corley


The Polis
*After the Dark Age, nobles owned large estates which made up a town or city.

*Cities b/c city-states which became known as a polis.
The Early Greeks
The Early Greeks
*The Phoenicians gave the Greeks the idea of using an alphabet.

This made writing much simpler.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
The Dark Age
By 1200, Earthquakes & Fighting destroyed the Mycenaean fortress

*Greeks forgot how to read and write

Farmers only grew enough food for their families
The Early Greeks
The First Greek Kingdoms
The Mycenaean
*From Asia, invaded Greece in 1900 BC

*First Greek kings were the Mycenaean leaders.

Mycenae, a palace, was discovered in the 1800s.
Mycenae was the center of the entire kingdom.
The Early Greeks
The Early Greeks
Today, we will be learning about Greek geography, Minoans, and the Mycenaean.

Objective

Take out writing utensil

Put the remainder of your materials in/under your desk

Bellringer November21 , 2013

Acropolis
*Main gathering point
*On a hill
*Religious center

*Below the acropolis was an open area called an agora.

Agora: market & debate center
The Early Greeks
A Move to Colonize
*700 B.C. –Greece recovered from the Dark Ages
Popn increased.
*Colonies started – farmers couldn’t produce enough food for Greek popn.
600 B.C. – Greeks started using coins in trade
*Demand for more goods led to job specialization
The Early Greeks
Positives:
*Dorians - Greek-speaking people that settled in Peloponnesus.
*Peloponnesus is attached to the south of the Greek mainland.
Dorian tech.
*Advanced weapons
*Farming tools made of iron.
Ends
Food surplus/increase in trade
The Early Greeks
Mycenaean Power
Contact with Minoan

*Copied Minoan culture

*1400, they replace Minoan as power in Mediterranean.

Agamemnon leader during the Trojan War

The Early Greeks
Mycenaean Life
Tanned leather, sewed clothes, and made jars for wine and olive oil.

*Bronze swords and ox-hide shields.

*Gov’t officials kept track of the wealth of every person in the kingdom.

The Early Greeks
Geography
*Mainland Greece is a peninsula, a body of land with water on three sides.

The Sea provides life, not the land.

*Because of the land, Greek communities grew fiercely independent.
The Early Greeks
Page 188
The Minoans
*Crete – island southeast of the Greek mainland.

1900, Arthur Evans

*Not Greek, but the first settle in Greece

The Palace at Knossos

*Collapse from nature or Mycenaean
The Early Greeks
The Early Greeks
*Citizens-members of a political community that have rights/responsibilities.

*Subjects-have no rights. Must obey their ruler.

*Only free native born men who owned land were citizens.
The Early Greeks
Rights
*Choose officials
*Pass laws
*B/c a member of gov't
*Defend themselves in court
*700 BC - gov't depends on armies of ordinary citizens (hoplites)
*Hoplites - loyal to their "hometowns"
Mistrusted each other
Homework
Finish Ancient Greek Vocabulary
Greek Names
Page 120
Full transcript