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Transcript of Julius Caesar
Bubble Bath Day
Elvis Presley's Birthday Grammar- Write the adjectives, including articles, in each sentence below.
EXAMPLE: The swift parrot chased a small lizard.
ANSWER: The, swift, a, small
1. Parrots are found in the warm tropical areas of the planet.
2. A small number of species inhabit the cooler temperate regions. Objectives:
1. Identify adjectives within a sentence.
2. Comprehend the historical context of Julius Caesar.
3. Discuss how the political structure of Ancient Rome compares to that of the U.S. Turn to p. 371 in your textbook Two thousand years ago, the world was ruled by Rome. From England to Africa and from Syria to Spain, one in every four people on earth lived and died under Roman law. A superb general and politician, Julius Caesar (c.100 BC – 44 BC / Reigned 46 – 44 BC) changed the course of Roman history. Born into an aristocratic family in around 100 BC, Julius Caesar grew up in dangerous times. Rome could not yet handle its own size and power. As his career took off, he won a number of political offices, not always by reputable means. By 63 BC, he had become a well-known, but controversial figure. Despite his notoriety, he was appointed governor of Farther Spain. He returned to Rome in 60 BC and, the following year, was elected consul, the highest office in the republic. Caesar allied himself with two key people, Pompey and Crassus. Pompey was a war hero who had been badly treated by the Senate, while Crassus was a multimillionaire. The two men were rivals but Caesar was able to bridge the gap between them and the three men formed the powerful ‘first triumvirate’. Between 58 and 50 BC, Caesar used his expertise in military strategy, along with the Roman army’s training and discipline to conquer and subdue the rest of Gaul, up to the river Rhine. When battling foreign enemies, Caesar was ruthless. He now turned his attention back home. His triumvirate was badly strained. Pompey was increasingly jealous of Caesar’s success and Crassus still hated Pompey. After Crassus was killed in battle, Pompey and Caesar drifted apart, ultimately finding themselves on opposing sides. Caesar believed the only way he could protect himself was by seizing power. In January, 49 BC, he led his troops across the Rubicon River into Italy and started civil war. Caesar scored some early victories and, by 46 BC, was dictator of Rome. After a year spent eliminating his remaining enemies, he returned home. Generous in victory, he was kind to his defeated rivals, giving them all amnesties and even inviting some to join him in government. Without a son of his own, he needed an heir. Caesar quickly adopted his great nephew, Augustus. At home, he reformed the Roman calendar, tackled local government, resettled veterans into new cities, made the Senate more representative and granted citizenship to many more foreigners. The boundaries between the different classes were strict and legally enforced: members of different classes even dressed differently. For wealthy Romans, life was good. They lived in beautiful houses – often on the hills outside Rome, away from the noise and the smell. They enjoyed an extravagant lifestyle with luxurious furnishings, surrounded by servants and slaves to cater to their every desire. Many would hold exclusive dinner parties and serve their guests the exotic dishes of the day. Life in Ancient Rome: Poorer Romans, however, could only dream of such a life. Sweating it out in the city, they lived in shabby, squalid houses that could collapse or burn at any moment. If times were hard, they might abandon newborn babies to the streets, hoping that someone else would take them in as a servant or slave. In any Roman family life, the head of the household was a man. Although his wife looked after the household, he controlled it. He alone could own property. Only he decided the fate of his children and who they would marry. Romans of all classes made a point of visiting the baths after work each day. There they would mix freely with their fellow citizens, exercising, washing and chatting.
Successful gladiators were the movie stars of the first century – so famous that free men queued to take their chances in the arena. Bloody, brutal but popular, gladiatorial contests are often seen as the dark side of Roman civilization.
Less violent than the gladiators, chariot racing was still an extreme, dangerous sport, in which drivers could die. Roman religion involved cult worship. Approval from the gods did not depend on a person’s behavior, but on accurate observance of religious rituals. Each god needed an image – usually a statue or relief in stone or bronze – and an altar or temple at which to offer prayers and sacrifices.
Requests and prayers were presented to gods as a trade: if the god did what was requested (the nuncupatio), then the worshipper promised to do a particular thing in return (the solutio). This trade was binding. To persuade the gods to favor the requests, a worshipper might make offerings of food or wine, or would carry out a ritual sacrifice of an animal before eating it. http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/empire/index.html Written around 1599, Julius Caesar is a tragedy by William Shakespeare. The play is based on historical events surrounding the conspiracy against the ancient Roman leader Julius Caesar. How does the political structure of Ancient Rome compare to that of the U.S.? January 9
National Apricot Day
National Static Electricity Day Journal- Imagine you are living during Ancient Roman times. Describe what you think your daily life would be like. What would be your ambitions in life? Turn to p. 1104 in your blue literature textbook http://www.shmoop.com/julius-caesar/ Ticket-out-the-door: Predict what will happen at the end of the play. January 10
Peculiar People Day Grammar- Write the noun used as an adjective in each sentence below.
EXAMPLE: The macaw perched on the top of the rock ledge.
1. Macaws are large, noisy members of the parrot family.
2. The colorful macaws live in large flocks and roost along steep canyon walls. Turn to p. 371 in your textbook Prepare to get into districts! January 11
Secret Pal Day Quote of the week "Absolute power corrupts absolutely." -Anonymous House of Ninjas Objectives:
1. Comprehend Act 1 Scene 1 & 2 of Julius Caesar.
2. Make predictions about the end of the play. Objectives:
1. Provide descriptions for characters in Julius Caesar.
2. Summarize events from Act 1 of Julius Caesar.
3. Analyze Act 1 of Julius Caesar for plot points that are hard to follow. Objectives:
1. Comprehend Act 1 Scene 3 and Act 2 Scene 1 of Julius Caesar.
2. Discuss the character of Brutus.
3. Identify proper and compound adjectives within a sentence. Turn to p. 1121 in your blue literature book. January 14
National Dress Up Your Pet Day Journal- Would you rather be the emperor of a great nation or someone who works just underneath the emperor? Explain why. January 15
First Super Bowl Grammar- Write only the proper and compound adjectives in each sentence below, and label each.
EXAMPLE: Flamingos can be found in the Brazilian forests.
1. The flamingo is the name for a family of long-legged birds.
2. Scientists are fascinated by these multicolored birds. Turn to p. 373 in your textbook Turn to p. 1127 in your blue literature book. Ticket-out-the-door: If you knew that someone was trying to kill you, would you face them or disappear? Explain. What's up with Brutus? If you knew you were going to die tonight at midnight, what would you do with the time you had left? January 16
National Nothing Day Prepare for your vocab quiz. Turn to Act 4 Scene 1 of Julius Caesar in your blue literature book January 24
Compliment Day Grammar- Identify whether the red word in each sentence below functions as a pronoun or as an adjective. If it functions as an adjective, tell which word it modifies.
EXAMPLE: We watched that toucan fly from the perch.
ANSWER: adjective (modifies toucan)
1. On a recent trip to the zoo, my friends and I learned about toucans.
2. Those are brightly colored birds known for their large beaks. turn to p. 375 in your textbook Pop Quiz! January 23
Measure Your Feet Day
National Handwriting Day Journal- Is there something that you would betray a friend for? If so, what is it and why? If not, why? Explain. Get into your districts Identify an example of figurative language or a literary device.
Write a paragraph explaining how the figurative language or literary device relates to the meaning of the scene and the play.
Produce a visual aid of your example such as a drawing, poem, or a song.
Prepare to share your findings with the class. Journal-
Do you believe in ghosts? Explain. http://www.shmoop.com/julius-caesar/ Happy Birthday Lindsey Smith! January 25
Opposite Day "Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country."- JFK The Gingerbread House January 28
Fun at Work Day Journal- If you could form the perfect triumvirate to lead this country, who would you choose to lead and why? January 29 National Puzzle Day Grammar- Identify whether the red word in each sentence below functions as a verb or as an adjective. If it functions as an adjective, tell which word it modifies.
EXAMPLE: A startled peacock will make a lot of noise.
ANSWER: adjective (modifies peacock)
1. The peacock, a member of the pheasant family, is known for its brilliantly colored feathers.
2. Only the males are endowed with colorful blue, gold, and green plumage. turn to p. 377 in your textbook February 4 January 30
Yodel for Your Neighbors Day
Franklin D. Roosevelt's Birthday Grammar-Identify each red adjective below as article, proper adjective, compound adjective, possessive adjective, in-definite adjective, or demonstrative adjective.
1. The kiwi is a strange-looking bird that can be found only in some areas of New Zealand.
2. While kiwis are defenseless, their survival has been made possible because they have no natural predators on this South Pacific island.
3. Although New Zealand kiwis have small, stubby wings, they are earthbound birds that cannot fly.
4. Long, hairlike feathers are another feature of a kiwi. Study for your grammar quiz. January 31
National Kazoo Day February 1
National Freedom Day “We are masters of the unsaid words, but slaves of those we let slip out”
- Winston Churchill House of Swag Create a Vacuum Day
Rosa Park's Birthday February 13
Get a Different Name Day Grammar- Identify any nouns, pronouns, or verbs used as adjectives in the following sentences. Label each appropriately.
1. Foraging ostriches eat a variety of grasses and crawling insects.
2. Like other birds, ostriches do not have any teeth. http://www.flocabulary.com/julius-caesar-friends-romans-modern/
Get into your districts! Choose one scene from Julius Caesar to modernize.
You will rewrite the scene in a modern setting using modern language.
The class must be able to tell which scene you are performing.
You must incorporate digital media.
The best performing group will earn free homework passes.