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Transcript of Ancient Egyptians
Ancient Egyptian Art
Hatsheput is a lady pharoah, originally her son was gonna be a pharoah but she took over the power of pharoah. She was also dressed like a phaoah. Some Egyptians consider her not to be the greatest pharoah women in Egyptian history.
Ancient Egyptians had a special way of painting people, they drew eyes, legs, heads, feet looking from the side. They also drew shoulders, chests looking at the front of the. Men were drawn with dark colours and women were drawn with light colours.The Egyptians carved smaller sculptures and they used sometimes solid gold alabastery, ivory,limestone,basalt and wood gilded with gold. Egyptians were known alot for their art, we can learn by their art what they looked like, what they wore, what jobs they did and what they considered important. Most art was done to represent their religion, they also filled most of the pharoahs tombs were fillled with statues and sculptures. Most of the art in tombs was to help pharoahs in the afterlife. Temples were also popular to place art in,there were statues of gods and goddesses and there were also walls all filled with paintings. The ancient egyptians were famous for the large statues that they made. For example they built the Great Sphinx of giza and a statue of Ramses II at Abu Simbel temples. They also made beautiful vessels, they were decorated faince bowls with a central pool and flowering lotus plants. They made the precious hawk, it was an inlaid gold pectoral or pendant in a form of a hawk found in Tutankhamen's tomb, the hawk holds the ankh (symbol of life) and the shen sign (symbol of completeness) in each claw.
King Tut was one of the most famous kings and his job was a pharoah in Egypt. The most powerful person in Ancient Egypt was a Pharaoh. King tut was a Pharoah for onlyabout 9 years and they pronounced his name Toot- ong- kha-men. He born in 1341 BC and died a teenager in 1323BC about the age of nineteen. King Tut was born a prince in the Royal court. When he was born his name was Tutankhaten but after the death of his father King Tut changed his name. Tut was born to one of his fathers lesser wives not the main wife called Nefertiti and she was very powerful. King Tut's father was a religious radical and he changed most of the religion of ancient Egypt. Tut's father only worshiped sun god aten.
About King Tut
Gods and goddesses
Bes was a dwarf, lion and human feature and he was a god. He protects pregnant women, new born babies and families. The Ancient Egyptians also believed that he protects you from scorpion and snake bites.
Life in Ancient Egypt/Trades
What Ancient Egyptians ate and drank
Amenhotep ruled egypt for thirty nine years. He also brought Egypt to peak and to peace. He was able to enlarge many cities and constuct alot of temples.
King Tut didn't live for long so they couldn't build a huge tomb so they quickly built a small one. Archaeologists and grave robbers did not discover the tomb until thousands of years later. In 1922 Howard Carter a British archaeologist found and entered King Tut's tomb. He found a bag of gold rings on the floor so they might have fallen accidently. If robbers were already there, they didn't take much at all. Still left in the tomb was a solid gold mask on Tut's face and there also were other amazing treasures too
King Tut's tomb
Aten is a god and he has a sun disk for his head with rays on the ends as hands. He is also a form of Ra and during the reign of Akhenaten , Aten was made king of gods.
Ancient Egyptian jobs were scribes, artists, Inherited jobs, craftsmen, farmers and soldiers. First lets talk about scribes, they are trained in very strict scribe schools and most people didn't pass. Only the people that were under high demand and loved to write and read. Art was also a job in Ancient Egypt, they had to have a great imagination and have talent for being a artist. Inherited jobs were left after your father and most of them were farmers and soldiers. Farmers grew wheat for bread, vegetables such as onions, cucumber and other green vegetables, they also had rich black soil for growing other crops.Craftsmen were carpenters,weavers,jewelers, leather makers and potters. Soldiers helped the government in peace time.
Ancient Egyptian Jobs
The Ancient Egyptians lived in villages or in the country. Sometimes they lived in sun baked mud houses, they were very small, they didn't have many windows or much furniture. They also had flat roofs so they could sleep on top of them when it was summer because it was to hot inside hence no one cared how big or small your house was. They used bricks, mud, and straw to build houses also they invented molds to make mud bricks. Ancient egyptians built there houses around the Nile river and wanted to live forever.
Life in Ancient Egypt
The Ancient Egyptians ate figs which were very common in Egypt. They also ate grapes and sometimes made wine out of them, wine was a very popular drink in large pottery jugs served in bowls. They used barley, grain and wheat to make bread, it was the most common thing in meals. Bread was very rough and could cause teeth to wear out. Dates from palm trees were very popular and they provide shade too. There were all sorts of fish that Egyptians ate but some didn't because of there religion. They also ate lamb, goat, cucumbers, onions and other vegetables.
Gods and goddesses
The Ancient Egyptians believed in over 2,000 Gods and Goddesses, they were very unique and practical. Most had animal heads, green bodies and had something to separate them from people. They all take different forms of animals. Most people like civilizations were afraid to make the gods and goddesses angry and disappointed but the Egyptians weren't. They prayed to the gods and goddesses in temples and if they didn't they got a whack because they were very disappointed. The Ancient Egyptians won't get everything they want and and they knew that the gods and goddesses were on there side. Religion means a lot to Ancient Egyptians. The most important gods were Ra, Isis, Osiris, Horus and Thoth.
Nut was the sky goddess had a arched body, she wore a sky dress decorated with stars. She was a sister/wife of Geb the god of earth and the mother of Isis, Osiris, Nepthys and Seth.
Ra was a god, he was a form of the sun. Ra travelled through the under world night and appeared as a man with a man with a head of ram. He had a hawk head and headdress a sun disk. Ra was a sun god and one of the most important god.The Egyptians believed was swallowed by sky goddess nut and reborn in the morning.
The spelling of King Tut's name included Tutankhamem and Tutankhamon.
King Tut no surviving children!!!
Steve Martin sung funny songs about him.
Ramses II often called Ramses the great, he also ruled for 67 years. Ramses II is famous because he built statues and monument than any other pharoah.
Cleopatra VII was the last pharoah of egypt. He had the power by making friends with famous romans like Julius Caesar and Mark Anthony.
Pepy II was a pharaoh at the age of six and he ruled for 94 years. He wore a crown and it had a image of a cobra goddess, only pharoahs wore the crown. The Egyptians said that thcobra goddess on the crown said it would protect them by spitting flames at their enemies.
Pharoahs built great tombs for themselves so they could live well in the afterlife.
First pharoah was a king named Menes, he also united the lower and upper Egypt in a single country.
The Khufu pharoah built the biggest pyramid in Egypt.
Scribes used pictures not letters to write hieroglyphics and alot of people said it was a good form of writting. The egyptians started using hieroglyphics in 3000 BC. There were thousands of symbols in hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics is represented in sounds like letters and whole words. A scribe is a person that writes hieroglyphics and they also need alot of years of education and practise. Some kids start training to be a scribe by the age of seven or six. It was also a good job in Ancient Egypt and the structure of hieroglyphics is difficult to work out.
The writting on the rosetta stone has two languages on it which are egyptain and Greek. They also used three scripts were Hieroglyphics, Demotic and Greek. There are three scripts because when it was written three were used in Egypt. The first hieroglyphic script was used for important and religious stuff. The second script was demotic, it was a common one in Egypt. The third script ws Greek and was the language of rulers.
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Hope you enjoyed it!!!!!
Hathor had the ears of a cow, a cow, headdressof horns and a sun disk. Sometimes people of her as a mother of a pharoah.Large temple built at Dendera to hounor her. She is also connected to foreign places and materials, for example Hathor is a goddess of dessert and turquoisemines in Sinai.
He had a head of a hippopotamus, arms and legs of a lion, back and tail of crocodile and breasts, stomach of pregnant women. Tawaret is a goddess, she protected women while pregnancy and childbirth. She was also worshipped by in people in their own homes instead of temples.
Thoth appeared as a man with a head of ibis, holding a writing palette,an ibis, a baboon. Egyptians believed that Thoth gave a gift of hieroglyphics and that Thoth was connected with the moon.
Isis appeares as a women with a headdress in the shape of hornes, pair of cow horns with a disk. She was a protective goddess, she also used powerful magic spells to help people with needs. Isis is the wife of Osiris and a mother of Horus. Isis is a very important goddess so they built a temple for her in Philae, the templeis still standing today.
King Tut's tomb