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Ukraine Genocide

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Eptisam Kassim

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Ukraine Genocide

Holodomor History between Ukraine and Russia Cause of Holodomor Upstander Jones Gareth, a reporter, traveled to Ukraine. Some time later, Jones Gareth revealed the truth about the genocide in Ukraine. He states how Ukrainians are starving and are waiting for death. Walter Duranty, a famous reporter who wrote in the New York Times, denies the fact that there was a famine and states that there are "partial crop failures." He questions whether Jones Gareth is saying true. Jones Gareth retorts back saying that he talked to peasants, he read letters from people, and foreign observers provide him with information they can’t tell the press. After Jones revealed the truth, the USSR considered him a spy and he isn’t allowed to go to the USSR. Jones Gareth took a risk knowing the consequence, and that makes him an upstander in this genocide. Bystander The main victimizer was Joseph Stalin, the second leader of the USSR, since he was the one to think of the idea to starve the Ukrainians to make them comply with unification. The people in the world are bystanders. After Jones Gareth revealed the truth about Ukraine, The people didn't do anything. They saw what was going on in Ukraine, and discovered how much the people are suffering, yet there was no aid for Ukraine. The world did nothing to save these people, and watched the horrific things in Ukraine. ‘Kyivan Rus’ (olden name for Ukraine) use to be the largest nation in Europe until a series of invasions and conflict with princes caused it to fall in the 12th century. Eventually in 1240, Kyivan got taken over by the Mongols. Since they were really cruel to their people, they ended up fleeing to Poland and Hungary. The descendents of the Kyivan royal house were split into three groups: Byelorus (Byelorussians), Muscovites (Russians) and the Rus’ (Ukrainians). The newly-founded republic of Ukraine in 1648 made a treaty of protection with Muscovy (Russia) in 1658, but this gave Muscovy the opportunity to gradually take over Ukraine except for the most western part which was ruled by the Austrians. In 1709, the Ukrainians, allied with the Swedes, tried to rebel against Muscovy but failed. The Muscovites began to call themselves Rus-sians, which came from the original name for the Ukrainians: Rus, ever since then. The Russians tried very hard to set limitations for the Ukrainians so they would not try to elevate their language by banning the use and study of it. It was not until 1917, when czarist Russian regime collapsed, did the Ukrainians were able to make their own independent country. Since Ukraine was a new but weak country,everyone was looking for a chance to invade:the Polish from the west, the communist from the south, and a czarist Russian army from the east. Eventually, the communist took Ukraine over as well as Poland and the central and eastern part of Europe; this land became known as the USSR in 1921.
Ukraine was officially part of the USSR in 1922, when Joseph Stalin was in charge. To strengthen the country, Stalin thought that Ukraine has to be restrained since Ukraine's personal goal opposed Russia’s. In order to control Ukraine, He then sent thousands of Christians leaders, scholarly leaders, and journalist to the "Gulag", labor camps in Serbia. Stalin attacked the landowners because they defy Russian’s control, needed more agricultural exports. In order to do that the government had to collect land and assign a specific amount to be grown. Many farmers rebelled and that led to their death or being sent to Siberia. The government forced them to grow 2.3 more times than what is normally grown The law prohibited people to save food for the future because it meant the Russians were losing money on food they could have sold to the west. To make sure that laws were not broken the government checked in people’s houses if they were hiding food. The famine caused Ukrainians to die at a rate of 25,000 per day, 1,000 per hour, or 17 per minute. By the end of the famine in May of 1933, 25% of the Ukrainian population perished. Details about starvation was revealed to the world in newspapers, but the USSR hid how many people died during the starvation. Estimations are that about 10 million people had died in the famine. Stalin’s policies to control Ukraine attacked the “kulaks,” Ukraine’s farmers, which was about 80% of the country. 200,000 Ukraine’s family had to give up their land because the government had to forcibly collect their land to grow as much wheat as possible. Victim The victims during the Ukrainian Genocide were the Ukrainians since the artificial famine was inflicted upon them. In order to control the country most thirsty for independence, Stalin decided to starve them. Nina Popovych, a survivor of the Ukrainian Genocide, talks about her experience during the famine. “They were horrible years. Mothers were slicing their children and sticking them in pots to cook them, and then ate them. My mother went into the field where some horses were dying and brought back the horse’s head. About five women bit into the horse’s head. What a horror it was; people were dropping dead on the road. If you pierced them, the blood was like water. So many people died.” Victimizer "death by hunger",
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