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Class Structure in 19th Century Russia

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Christi Disasi

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Class Structure in 19th Century Russia

European Class Structure before and during the 19th Century In the 18th century, there were social classes throughout Europe. (Peasants->Nobility->Clergy->King).
During the 19th century, due to the industrial revolution, there was a middle class.
The industrial rev. created jobs for the middle class
People were becoming more educated to get jobs, especially boys at a young age. Overview of Russia in the 19th Century Ruled by Tsar Alexander I from 1801-1825
Russo-Turkish war, Russo-Swedish war, & Napoleon invades Russia.
Fyodor Dostoevsky is born in 1821.
After Tsar Alexander I dies in 1825, Tsar Nicholas I takes over.
After Tsar Nicholas I dies, Tsar Alexander II takes over. Russian Class Structure in the 19th Century Clergy The clergy were the religious leaders in Russia. The main religion in Russia was Orthodox Christianity. The clergy included...
Priests
Deacons
Bishops Class Structure in 19th Century Russia Russia was much like everywhere in Europe regarding its social hierarchy.
Social classes weren't working but were strictly enforced
Four different class distinctions:
Clergy
Nobility
Middle Class
Peasants Nobility Middle Class The middle class were the commoners in Russian society. They had no political power.There was the upper middle class known as the "Russian Bourgeoisie", who were usually quite wealthy and the lower middle class, who had enough wealth to eat regularly. The middle class was also educated in order to get better jobs. Peasants The peasants were the lowest and the poorest class. They were made up of serfs until 1861, chimney sweeps, prostitutes, etc. Clothing Another way that people could distinguish your social class was through the clothing that was worn. The peasants usually wore rags, but some had silk and lace garments. The higher classes garments were made of different silk's, velvet, lace, cotton, and other rich fabrics. The nobles were the political rulers of Russia. They were the wealthiest and held all the power.
Tsar (emperor) and his royal family.
Prince and princess
Count
Baron Education Education was another way to distinguish class. The noble class and middle class usually had more education than the peasants who usually had no education. The middle class used their education to get better jobs. The middle class valued science and math more than anything. They sent their children to school, mostly their sons. Social Life Mostly for the higher classes.
Parties and entertaining.
Maly Theater
Bolshoi Theater
Hear poetry
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