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CHINESE DYNASTY

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on 9 January 2014

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Transcript of CHINESE DYNASTY

Terracotta Warriors
Great Wall of China
CHIN DYNASTY
Shi Huang Ti conquered the Chou dynasty and lasted when the Chin imperial structure collapsed after the death of Shi Huang Ti and when his heir was murdered by his brother and rebellion soon followed.
Shi Huang Ti
HAN DYNASTY
THREE KINGDOMS
Gaozu
Shi Huang Ti
-his modern chinese name is Prince Cheng
-burning of books and burying of scholars incident
-he brought law and order to the empire
-standardized the weight, currency and measurements
-he ruled China using legalism system-strict laws with
harsh punishment
Terracotta Army
-a collection of terracotta sculpture portraying the
army of Qin dynasty
-made to protect the emperor in his afterlife
8000 soldiers 520 horses
130 chariot 150 cavalry horses
Great Wall of China
-built to protect his realm from nomads of the north
Civil Service Examination
-objective measures to evaluate the educational attainment and merit of the examinees rather than on the basis of family or political connection

Emperor Gaozu
-personal name Liu Bang
-rescinded harsh law, sharply reduces taxes, and allow merchants to operate without government interference
Buddhism
-arrived in China in the 1st century
-Buddhism seemed at first a variant of Taoism
-Kamarajiva- a Buddhist monk from Central Asia
- directed several thousand monks in the translation of Buddhist text
-in 477 AD there where reportedly 6, 478 temples and 77,258 monks and nun in the North, the South was said to have 2, 846 temples an 82, 700 clerics.
Silk Road
-is a series of trade and cultural transmission routes
-connected to Europe and Asia
-4000 miles from Chang'an to the Mediterranean
-leads to spread Buddhism in China
Started when the leader Liu Bang defeated the Qing dynasty. The Han Dynasty formally ended when Cao Cao's son and heir, Cao Pi, pressured Emperor Xian into abdicating in his favor
Numerous conflicts ensued over the division of power between three economic and political rivals, that resulted in the division of the empire into what became known as The Three Kingdoms
SUI DYNASTY
Prime minister Yang Jian suppressed the north and become emperor and lasted when Yangdi’s ambitious project and military campaigns led to exhaustion and unrest, and a Sui general Li Yuan, captured the capital
Wendi or Emperor Wen
-personal name Yang Jian
-presented himself as a Buddhist cakravantin king, a monarch
who uses force to defend the Buddhist faith.

Wendi
Cao Pi
Lui Bei
Sui Quan
Grand Canal
-made easier to transport the rich
agricultural products of the
Yangtze Valley to the North
Yangdi or Emperor Yang
-ordered to construct the section of Grand Canal from the
city of Yangzhou on the Yangtze River to Luoyang, near the
Huang He.
-under his governance they strengthened the power of the
central government by limiting the power of local officials
TANG DYNASTY
Gaozu
Gaozu
-personal name Li Yuan
-China under Tang became the most civilized, most progressive
and the mightiest nation in the world.
-China was able to reach prosperity and innovative
achievements; an era called Golden Age
-territorial boundaries were further extended to include Korea,
Tibet and Northern India by conquest
-gunpowder and printing method from carved wooden blocks
were invented and the oldest printing book and newspaper were produced

Xuanzong
-personal name Li Longji
- became emperor in 712
-the empire started falling apart

Xuanzong
SONG DYNASTY
Taizu
Taizu went out to fight and ends up seizing power and founding the dynasty and ended when the empire were overthrown by Mongols.
MONGOL YUAN DYNASTY
Kublai Khan
Kublai Khan
-grandson of Genghis Khan
-do not imposed their own pastoral lifestyle, social structure,
or religion
-the cultural gap resulted in lighter government than that on
the previous empires, punishments were much less severe
Hongwu Emperor
Hongwu Emperor
-personal name Zhu Yuanzhang
-first commoner to become emperor
-one of China's despotic ruler
RISE AND FALL OF CHINESE EMPIRE

MANCHU
CHING DYNASTY

The T’ang Dynasty was formed in 618 due to the failed exhibitions to Korea by the Sui, which had led to conflicts in the north of China. The Tang was destroyed by ambitious generals who suppressed peasant rebellions and fought one another for control.
Taizu
-limited the power of the military in
the provinces and subordinate the
entire military to the civil government
-commercial revolution begun

-encounter serious financial
problems
-revival of Confucianism known as
Neo-confucianism
Genghis Khan conquered much of China and lasted when the Mongol empire where expelled from China by one of the rebel who overtook the throne.
Yongle Emperor
-born as Zhu Di
-built an elaborate palace known
as the Forbidden City
MING DYNASTY
Yongle Emperor
Full transcript