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Slavery

A philosophical symposium on the topic of slavery.
by

Slavery Philosophy

on 16 April 2012

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Transcript of Slavery

Understanding
Slavery If slavery helps to provide a greater amount of wealth and happiness than it takes, Is slavery wrong? Consider this... Slavery, from a utilitarian standpoint, is necessary to the functioning of the global economy. Yet morally humans tend to be very against it. In Canada: Public Policies Hot Topics SLAVERY: An evil of civilization
Slavery enters human history with civilization. Hunter-gatherers and primitive farmers have no use for a slave. They collect or grow just enough food for themselves. One more pair of hands is another mouth to feed therefore there is no benefit in owning another human being. 1793: Upper Canada abolishes slavery
1803: Lower Canada abolishes slavery Abroad: The US fully abolioshed slavery in 1865
Britain fully abolished slavery in 1833
UN bans slavery globally with the Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 While now illegal everywhere, slavery or practices akin to it continue today in many countries throughout the world. Statistics Each Year 600,000 - 800,000 people are trafficked across borders worldwide, including 14,500 - 17,500
in the United States. In Canada 1500 - 2200 people a trafficked yearly. sex slavery
debt bondage
human trafficking
child soldiers
forced labour
animal slavery
forced and arranged marriages
sweat shops Ivory Coast is the world's leading cocoa producer - over 800,000 children are forced to work on cocoa farms
there are an estimated 600,000 cocoa farms in the Ivory Coast, with up to 15,000 child workers
these workers are typically taken from neighbouring countries and taken over the back road to the Ivory Coast
even the farmer may not make a profit
FORCED LABOUR A Brief History slavery began before written history
slaves were usually P.O.W.'s
lowest wrung of a civilization
not ususally the native people of the land/country
slaves include children, women and the poor

civilization (siv-uh-luh-ZEY-shuhn) - n An advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached. Code of Hammurabi addresses the entire social structure of babylonian life
three social classes; third of which are slaves
slaves are allowed to own property
slave men can marry free women
a father is the owner of his children
Mesopotamia (~1772 BCE) Slave Germany expanded during 10th century
Slavs were captured and their name became the generic term for "slave"
british slave ships travel to gulf of guinea with firearms, alcohol, cotton products for slaves Sex Slavery
and Child Soldiers the ships with slaves would cross the Atlantic to the West Indies (Caribbean) The slaves would be traded for molases Triangular Trade Slavs in Eurasia Gulf of Guinea Back to britain to turn that molases into alcohol West Indies Slavery in the U.S. -1820 there were 22 states;
11 free and 11 slave
Missouri was inducted as a slave state but that no more slave states were allowed above lattitude 36.30
-Until 1850 there had always been a balance
-1850 California wished to join as a free state
-A set of laws were put in place so that the free states could not out-vote the slave states sex slaves are available on Craigslist
second most profitable industry in the world, only to the illegal drug trade
there's an estimated 29 million victims globally, close to a million of which are in the USA
the youngest reported soldier is 9, although the average age of a soldier with a rank lower than that of an officer is between 14 & 18 in many African militaries
a common way around this issue is by not declaring a minimum age for military enrollment, and then creating a argument with the United Nations over sovereignty Animal Slavery, Debt Bondage, Forced Marriages, Sweat Shop Labour animal slavery is simply forced labour, but with animals instead of humans
debt bondage is most commonly practiced in Asia
it is the process by which somebody works off their debt when they cannot pay it off
forced marriages, while accepted in some cultures, is illegal in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
sweat shop labour is not technically illegal, but most see it as morally wrong
Emancipation Proclamation -1860 Lincoln became the 16th U.S. president
-First American president to be against slavery
-1861 began the American Civil War
-1863 Licoln, using his War Powers, orders the freedom of slaves in the 10 rebelling states
-3.1 of the 4 million slaves were thusly affected by this Slavery is a system under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and are forced to work. South America
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