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Battles in the East
Transcript of Battles in the East
Lincoln sent troops to attack the Confederate capital.
Union and Confederate troops clashed between Washington, D.C., and Richmond, Virginia.
Finally, the Union troops retreated.
Lincoln appointed a new commander of the Union army of the East, General George McClellan.
Both sides realized:
Their troops needed
This was going to be a
long bloody war
Robert E. Lee attacked McClellan’s troops.
At the same time, Lee sent Stonewall Jackson north to threaten Washington, D.C.
With Washington, D.C., threatened, Lincoln could not send the rest of the Union army to help McClellan.
covered a Union warship, the
, with iron plates and renamed it the Virginia.
also built an ironclad, the
two vessels fought near Virginia
In this first battle of ironclad ships,
neither vessel seriously damaged the other
However, ironclad ships
changed naval warfare
Hoping for a southern victory on northern soil, Lee marched into Maryland.
McClellan learned of his plans, but was slow to attack.
At last, the two sides met.
Both sides suffered great losses.
Neither side won. Because Lee withdrew, northern morale was raised.
Lincoln replaced the cautious McClellan with Ambrose Burnside.
Battles in the East
Lee’s forces met Burnside’s army.
Lee’s forces dug into the crest of a hill.
As wave after wave of Union troops charged, Confederate guns mowed them down.
This was one of the Union’s worst defeats.
Lee, aided by Stonewall Jackson, outmaneuvered Union forces in a thickly wooded area.
Lee and Jackson defeated the Union troops in a three-day battle.
A southern sentry shot Stonewall Jackson by mistake.
Jackson died soon after.