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The Unforgettable Newfoundland and Labrador Journey

Geography ISU
by

Melanie Reixach-Wong

on 9 June 2013

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Transcript of The Unforgettable Newfoundland and Labrador Journey

The Unforgettable Newfoundland and Labrador Journey A 20 day guided tour of the glorious Newfoundland and Labrador By: Melanie Reixach-Wong Stop 1 St. John’s Welcome to Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada! After a swift flight, you will arrive at St. John’s International Airport and begin an unforgettable journey. We’ll start the tour off in Newfoundland and Labrador’s capital: St. John’s. St. John’s is the most Eastern city of Canada. Along with a growing commercial industry thanks to the newly found oil field nearby, St. John’s is also the city with the most immigrants in Newfoundland and Labrador, having 3,645 total as of 2012. This is probably because of it being the fastest growing metropolitan area in the province (Rous, 2011). We will be visiting this area so you can see Newfoundland’s urban areas and how they are used, immigrants and why they are attracted to St. John’s and the city and Canadian culture for comparison to our later tour stops. Here we will explore many attractions like The Rooms Art Gallery (dedicated to the preservation and conservation of art) in which much of Newfoundland's personality and art will be displayed, Signal Hill and the various shopping areas and seafood restaurants (Bradbury, 2013). We’ll take you around the popular tourist areas and you can see the streets with amazing coloured houses, the nightlife full of music and the cultural festivals all in one city! During this you'll also notice Canada's easygoing, convenient and peaceful culture and see how it differs to other areas of the world. Stop 2 Manuels River Just 20 minutes from St. John’s is the Manuels River. Here lies the Manuels River Valley that has the remnants of rocks from the African continental plate that collided with North America nearly 400 million years ago! That sure is ancient! The valley is pretty young in geologic terms. It was shaped during the last ice age by a glacier flowing northward over the valley into Conception Bay (Natural Heritage Society, 2010). This river system is one of the oldest in North America, with many ancient rocks throughout the river (Town of Conception Bay South, n.d.). By visiting the Manuels River, your knowledge on the geologic history, rock types, and land formations of Newfoundland will expand while you hike and enjoy the beauty of this province’s wilderness and understand more about Newfoundland and Labrador's landforms and geology. Stop 3 Beothuk Interpretation Centre Next you’ll be taken to the Beothuck Interpretation Centre, a wonderful and informative museum on spot of the past Beothuk Settlement. You’ll see the Beothuk houses and learn about the artifacts from the now extinct Aboriginal peoples that lived there from 1650-1720 (Town of Twilingate, n.d.). Along the way you’ll learn how the Beothuk made their tools, what they ate and their spirituality, as you take a small hike to different areas of the centre. This is definitely a memorable part of the Newfoundland tour and will certainly teach you more about the range of Newfoundland’s First Nations (those who lived there), and the interesting ways in which they lived and how they were treated before reserves were more popular. You’ll conclude the tour by learning how the Beothuk people became extinct from reasons like the Europeans settling and making the Beothuks sick (Newfoundland and Labrodor Heritage, 2000). Stop 4 Iceberg Watching Boat Tour Afterwards we’ll experience one of Newfoundland’s most highly seen tourist attractions: icebergs! An iceberg is a chunk of ice that was once part of a glacier, but broke off, fell into the ocean and floated away (Grabianowski, 2008). These chunks of ice drift down from the Arctic Sea to the Atlantic Ocean in the Spring! Stop 5 Red Bay National Historic Site Once we finish the iceberg tour we’ll stop by the Red Bay National Historic Site. Bowhead whales and right whales were once numerous in populations in Red Bay, Newfoundland. Then in the 16th century, many whalers from Basque arrived and killed tens of thousands of the whales off the Labrador coast for their oil and resources (Parks Canada, 2011). Red Bay contains an interactive historical site with ancient stations, tools, shipwrecks and artifacts for learning and reflecting on the Basque people’s hunting. (Labrador Coastal Drive, 2005). This will supply an incredible perspective on how people can overfish and be unsustainable, especially with the primary industry of fishing. This will also give an opportunity to think about how fishing is still a large part of Newfoundland’s industries and how they still need to maintain sustainable fishing practices while getting their resources. You can witness the icebergs crack and split as you relax on the boat and look for seabirds like puffins in addition to whales. The icebergs will take the cake as you pass by and marvel at the sheer size of the ice : 90% of it is underwater (CBC News, 2012). This is a must have tour stop as it will provide such a unique experience and is also a great way to learn about the creation of icebergs through seeing them close up! Ice bergs are quite unique to Newfoundland and Labrador, the province where you will most conveniently find them and discover more of the province's physical attributes. Using the ice bergs, we can also reflect on resource consumption, global warming and the effect they have on glaciers and ice bergs. 2 3 4 5 Stop 6 Torngat Mountains National Park 6 Get ready to be blown away by the next stop. We’re heading to the province’s newest national park; Torngat Mountains National Park! This is the best place to see what Northern Labrador has to offer in seclusion and nature. Torngat Mountains National Park is 200 km away from the nearest city, Nain, but is so special because of the caribou, polar bears, islands, George Plateau and definitely the 9700 km squared of the breathtaking Torngats Mountains (Blue Peak National Photography, n.d.). You will find drumlin fields, eskers, and erratics from glaciation through the George Plateau and be in the realm of 3.9 billion year old rocks in the Saglek Bay. These mountains are rich with various minerals as well, which you will learn of as you walk along the 600 metre cliffs in awe. Along the way we may also encounter Inuit settlements and ancient archeological finds! Also, wear layers and warm clothing because of year round snow, extreme winds and spontaneous warm days that will occur. Camping materials will be required as we will be staying for several days at the Torngat Mountains Base Camp. As proved by Parks Canada, 2011, this is a definite stop for the tour in order to observe and explore the limited vegetation cover, high mountains, coastal cliffs, deeply incised fjords, and sheer cliffs that show some of the best exposures of the earth’s geologic history (Parks Canada, 2011). It will also provide a chance to see not only Earth’s bare formations and Labrador's amazing, physical creations, but also learn of the archaeological sites of the ancient Inuit that lived there, the current Inuit First Nations that are there and the climate that encompasses northern Labrador. Stop 7 Churchill Falls Tour Ready to see where energy can come from? Next up we have the Churchill Falls Generating Station. It’s amazing what one of the largest underground hydroelectric power stations in the world can do and create. You will see the process of how Churchill Falls supplies power to millions in North America and learn of its generation of 34 billion kilowatts annually through a walking tour of the second largest hydro electric facility in the world (Smart Labrador, 2004). We will also observe the amazing Churchill Falls and the steep 245 ft. drop (Marsh, 2012). The station is known for its environmental stewardship and its clean energy generating! The tour will be informative and helpful for understanding on what hydroelectricity is. It’s included in the tour because it’s a really interesting way to see how power is generated as an industry, through one of Newfoundland’s natural resources; water , and also demonstrates how Newfoundland is taking eco-friendly initiatives in power generating, especially when they have other minerals to use that are more harmful to the Earth, but are making natural power initiatives instead! Also it gives a glimpse at the abundant physical characteristic of the province (water formations), which really distinguishes Newfoundland and Labrador as a physically diverse place. This source of power is also shared with other provinces and other countries, like its connection and sharing with the Eastern coast of the US. Stop 8 Happy Valley Goose Bay Welcome to Labrador’s most populated town; Happy Valley Goose Bay, NL. This town is unique and is located in central Labrador, right near Churchill River; we’ll be exploring several lakes and many trails and kayak, canoe and look for animals. (Town of Happy Valley Goose Bay, 2009). While in the area, we’ll also see and meet First Nations at the Sheshatshiu First Nations Innu Reserve and compare how they live to different cultures throughout Newfoundland (like the St. John’s urban area living) and acknowledge their struggling methods of life like lack of jobs (O’Connor, 2012). This tour stop is featured for its learning opportunities on the Sheshatshiu, their land use in a First Nations reserve and how enlightening and culturally expanding it can be to see different types of people and their heritage. It’s also a prime stop to see more physical characteristics as Happy Valley Goose Bay is surrounded by rivers, lakes, forest and Churchill River. After our exploration of Churchill Falls, we’ll visit Gros Morne National Park, a step into geological history. With 1,805 km2 of spectacular forests, fjords, bogs and shorelines, you’ll be sure to have a memorable hike, tour and stay! (Gros Morne, 2010). The rocks in Gros Morne have helped scientists understand plate tectonics as they show that the North American plate collided with another in the Precambrian time and also expose oceanic crust and extraordinary mantle rock. At the end of the Precambrian era, Pangaea began to break apart. As it split, steep fractures formed and filled with molten rock from below. This magma cooled into dykes (Parks Canada, 2010). Stop 9 Gros Morne National Park Gros Morne showcases what an ancient place Canada is and why it should be cherished for what it holds. It truly displays the physical characteristics of Newfoundland and Labrador and Canada in a wonderful way that will awe you, and making you want to stay in Gros Morne forever! Bring camping materials as we will be staying here for several nights. Stop 10 Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve Wouldn’t it be spectacular to see something ancient and rarely seen by others? Something that was created billions of years ago? Well that’s what will happen when we visit our last stop; Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve. This ecological reserve covers 5.7 km2 of oceanic crust embedded with interspersed archaic fossils dating back from 560-575 million years ago. (Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, 2013). The fossils here make up about 30 species that are extinct and unknown in our current world (National Geographic Society, 2012). 10 Volcanic ash buried the soft tissue of these old-time organisms and has preserved them well into what is now an incredible spectacle. This is quite a great last stop to conclude the tour in a historical fashion that represents Newfoundland and displays its geology, rock types and preservation of ancient organisms. It will surely astound you. You’ll recognize what a special environment Newfoundland has through these landforms. Once we finish, you’ll be driven back to St. John’s and catch a plane back home as you reminisce on the amazing journey you’ve just had. Sit back and relax, explore Newfoundland and Labrador with the ‘Unforgettable Newfoundland and Labrador Journey’. Legend Location of Stop Body of Water Town Capital City Melanie Reixach-Wong, 2013. 1 8 7 9 Works Cited Blue Peak National Photography. (n.d.) Torngat Mountains National Park. Retrieved June 5th, 2013 from http://www.bluepeak.net/canada/torngat/
Bradbury, Tara. (2013). The Rooms staff to reduce opening times, staff after budget cuts. Retrieved June 5th, 2013 from http://www.thetelegram.com/Living/2013-03-28/article-3209300/The-Rooms-to-reduce-opening-times,-staff-after-budget-cuts/1
CBC News. (2012). Ice berg Hunters from N.L. star in new TV show. Retrieved June 5th, 2013 from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/story/2012/09/24/nl-iceberg-hunters-924.html
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. (2013). Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve. Retrieved June 6th, 2013 from http://www.env.gov.nl.ca/env/parks/wer/r_mpe/
Grabianowski, Ed. (2008).How Icebergs Work. Retrieved June 1st, 2013 from http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/earth/geophysics/iceberg2.htm
Gros Morne.com. (2012). Welcome to Gros Morne.com. Retrieved June 6th, 2013 from http://www.grosmorne.com/index.html
Labrador Coastal Drive. (2005). Red Bay National Historic Site of Canada. Retrieved June 6th, 2013 from http://www.labradorcoastaldrive.com/home/35
Manuels River Natural Heritage Society. (2010). Geologic History of the Manuels River. Retrieved June 1st, 2013 from http://www.manuelsriver.com/pages/geology.html
Marsh, James. (2012). Churchill Falls. Retrieved June 6th, 2013 from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/churchill-falls
Works Cited (Part 2) National Geographic Society. (2012). Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve. Retrieved June 6th, 2013 from http://www.nlgeotourism.com/content/mistaken-point-ecological-reserve/nflBB74AA29E3A6E3E75
Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage Site. (2000). The Boyd’s Cove Beothuk Site. Retrieved June 5th, 2013 from http://www.heritage.nf.ca/aboriginal/beo_boydscove.html
O’Connor, Joe. (2012). Innu nation angry as former chief paid $2 M in 2 years. Retrieved June 6th, 2013 from http://news.nationalpost.com/2012/07/13/innu-nation-angry-as-former-chief-paid-1m-in-two-years/
Parks Canada. (2010). Gros Morne National Park of Canada: A Story in Stone. Retrieved June 1st, 2013 from http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/pn-np/nl/grosmorne/natcul/natcul2.aspx

Parks Canada. (2011). Torngat Mountains National Park of Canada. Retrieved June 1st, 2013 from http://www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/nl/torngats/natcul.aspx

Rous, Karolina. (2011). Living in St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved June 5th, 2013 from http://canadianimmigrant.ca/settling-in-canada/living-in-st-john%E2%80%99s-newfoundland-and-labrador

Smart Labrador. (2004). Churchill Falls. Retrieved June 6th, 2013 from http://www.ourlabrador.ca/member.php?id=39
Town of Conception Bay South. (n.d.). Manuels River. Retrieved June 5th, 2013 from http://www.conceptionbaysouth.ca/tourism/what-to-see-and-do/manuals-river/
Town of Happy Valley Goose Bay. (2009). Tourism. Retrieved June 6th, 2013 from http://www.happyvalley-goosebay.com/home/tourism.htm
Town of Twilingate. (n.d.). Beothuk Interpretation Centre. Retrieved June 5th, 2013 from http://www.twillingate.com/toseedo/otherattractions/
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Image References (Part 2) http://www.canadasflyfishingoutfitter.com/blog/torngat-mountains-national-parkhttp://www.naturecanada.ca/newsroom_jan_21_05.asphttp://www.wanderbirdcruises.com/voyages-polarbears.htmlhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/paysanquebecois/3335791884/http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/story/2011/04/01/f-lower-churchill-development.htmlhttp://thechronicleherald.ca/novascotia/125453-churchill-falls-powerful-political-issuehttp://www.happyvalley-goosebay.com/home/attractions.htmhttp://www.happyvalley-goosebay.com/home/how_to_get_here.htmhttp://sheshatshiu.ca/news.htmlhttp://www.pleasetakemeto.com/canada/gros-morne-national-park/informationhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/paysanquebecois/4043158156/http://www.nationalgeographic.com/adventure/national-parks/gros_morne.htmlhttp://www.viewow.com/north-america/canada/newfoundland/mistaken-point-ecological-reserve/details/http://www.flickr.com/photos/newfoundlandlabradortourism/6710237707/http://www.photoscanada.com/gallery/newfoundland_photos/map_of_newfoundland_and_labrador_canada?full=1






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