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World Geography Pgs. 3-7

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Pamela Sanchez

on 18 February 2013

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Transcript of World Geography Pgs. 3-7

World Geography
STAAR Words :
Part A Relative Location A place where it's near the location
you are trying to find Hemisphere Half of the globe Shows landforms and bodies of water found in a location on the map. Absolute Location A place on Earth were the features found Equator Imaginary lines that divides the
Earth to South and North halves Primary Meridian imaginary line that divides the Earth to West and East halves Latitude Imaginary lines that run from North and South. Used for locating. Longitude Imaginary lines that run from West to East. Used for also locating Topographic Map Global Positioning
System Geographic Information Systems Scale Physical Map Political Map Thematic Map Formal Regions Functional Regions A natural or man-made features located on Earth Satellites that rely geographic info on the earth. Digital map information to create a databank Ratio between a unit of length on map or unit of distance Shows people's creations on the map Focus on specific types for example : natural resources, or weather. A region of related characteristics A region that interacts and connects to places Structure Of The Earth Core Mantle Magma Crust The medal center of the Earth
that is made up of nickel and iron Soft layer of molten rock of 1,800 miles thick Molten rock created when the mantle melts the underside of the crust Thick layer of rock on earth's surface Parts Of The Earth Lithosphere Hydrosphere Atmosphere Biosphere Solid rock portion of the Earth's surface The waters on the Earth, for example ocean, seas, rivers, lakes and vapor in the atmosphere Layers of gases that protect the Earth Everywhere living things live, like the hydrosphere, lithosphere and atmosphere Landforms Water Table Delta Drainage Basin Hydrologic Cycle Waters and Landforms The continuous water cycle that
is among the atmosphere,
the oceans, and the earth. Area drained by a big river and its
tributaries The level at which rock is saturated A naturally formed feature on the
Earth A landform made of deposited
sediment, left by a river that slows
as it goes in the ocean Glacier A huge chunk of ice Tectonic Plates/ Forces Divergent Boundary Convergent Boundary Transform Boundary Fault Internal Forces Shaping
The Earth A big moving shelf that forms the earth's crust Plates that move around When plates collide against each other When plates slide by each other A fracture on the Earth's crust where plates move past each other Earthquakes Seismograph Epicenter Richter Scale Tsunami Ring Of Fire This machine measures the size of the waves created by an earthquake Point directly above the focus on the earth's surface Uses information of the seismograph to know the strength of the Earthquake A huge wave caused by an Earthquake Where active volcanoes were
found in the Pacific Ocean External Forces Shaping the Earth Mechanical
Weathering Chemical
Weathering Erosion Glaciations Natural process that brake rocks into smaller pieces When the rock changes to new substances such as the elements in the air or water and the minerals in the rock Result of weathering from wind, water,ice, etc. Changing of landforms
when glaciers move slowly Soil and Vegetation Humus Soil-Building Ecosystem Biomes Organic material in soil When organic material becomes
fertile soil A community full of plants and animals Different types of regional ecosystems Seasons Solstice Equinox Tropic Of Cancer Tropic Of
Capricorn When the sun shines directly through the north or south at the beginning of summer and winter in the Northern Hemisphere. Summer is longest day and winter, the shortest Two days in a year which day and night are the same time Farthest point in the north where the sun shines Farthest point in the South where the
sun shines Weather Climate Weather Climate Wind Systems Ocean Currents Weather
Extremes Hurricane Typhoon Tornado Blizzard Climate Pt. 2 Climate Region Tropical Tundra Permafrost Culture and
Population Culture Ethnic Minority Religious Minority Multicultural
Minority Condition of the atmosphere Weather condition at
a particular place They help distribute the sun's
heat from one part of the world
to another They impact the temperature
of the area ans also the
precipitation Storm that runs over water A tropical storm that occurs in
the western pacific A funnel shaped of
spiraling air A very heavy snow storm Drought A long period without
rainfall A region that experiences
particular weather conditions A region that receives huge
amounts of rain Flat treeless lands that forms a ring
around the Arctic Ocean Frozen ground Knowledge, behavior, attitude
shared and passed by some
people Someone who identifies
the minority population
of the region they live in Someone who belongs to a religion
in a region A population that contains several
culture groups
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