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cord Spinal cord PARALYSIS Level of Spinal Cord Injury Traumatic Injuries Causes of SC problem Non-traumatic Injuries cancer osteoporosis multiple sclerosis Inflammation of the spinal cord Arthritis vehicle accident Falls Gymnastic Violence Diving into shallow water General Effect Of SC problem lost of Movement,sensation and bowel/bladder control Pain/ intense stinging sensation changes in sexual function,sensitivty and fertility MONOPLEGIA DIPLEGIA HEMIPLEGIA PARAPLEGIA QUADRAPLEGIA High-Cervical Nerves (C1 – C4) Most severe of the spinal cord injury levels not be able to breathe on his or her own, cough,
or control bowel or bladder movements. Ability to speak is sometimes impaired or reduced. Paralysis in arms, hands, trunk and legs Requires complete assistance Low-Cervical Nerves (C5 – C8) C5 injury Likely to have some or total paralysis of wrists, hands, trunk and legs Can speak and use diaphragm, but breathing will be weakened C6 injury Nerves affect wrist extension. Little or no voluntary control of bowel or bladder C7 injury Nerves control elbow extension and some finger extension. need assistance with more difficult tasks C8 injury Nerves control some hand movement. Should be able to grasp and release objects Thoracic vertebrae Thoracic Nerves (T1 – T5) Corresponding nerves affect muscles, upper chest, mid-back and abdominal muscles. Most likely use a manual wheelchair paraplegia Thoracic Nerves (T6 – T12) Nerves affect muscles of the trunk (abdominal and back muscles) depending on the level of injury. Should be able to cough productively Most likely use a manual wheelchair Lumbar Nerves (L1 – L5) Injuries generally result in some loss of function in the hips and legs Little or no voluntary control of bowel or bladder, but can manage on their own with special equipment Depending on strength in the legs, may need a wheelchair and may also walk with braces Sacral Nerves (S1 – S5) Most likely will be able to walk 2 types of injury COMPLETE INJURY Loss of voluntary movement of parts innervated by segment, this is irreversible
Loss of sensation
Spinal shock INCOMPLETE INJURY Some function is present below site of injury
Are recognisable patterns of injury, although they are rarely pure and variations occur
3 STAGE OF REATMEANT FOR SC minimize further injury of SC rehabilitation deal with long-term compilation PREVENT IS THE BEST OPTION