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Transcript of DUBSTEP
Dubstep is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in South London, England
It emerged in the late 1990s
Related styles: 2-step garage, broken beat, drum and bass, jungle, dub and reggae
The music website Allmusic has described its overall sound as "tightly coiled productions with overwhelming bass lines and reverberant drum patterns, clipped samples, and occasional vocals"
Dubstep is generally instrumental.
The genre's feel is commonly dark; tracks frequently use a minor key and can feature dissonant harmonies such as the tritone interval within a riff.
Other distinguishing features often found are the use of samples, a propulsive, sparse rhythm and an almost omnipresent sub-bass.
Some dubstep artists have also incorporated a variety of outside influences, from dub-influenced techno to classical music or heavy metal
Dubstep rhythms are usually syncopated, and often shuffled or incorporating tuplets.
The tempo is nearly always in the range of 138–142 beats per minute, with a clap or snare usually inserted every third beat in a bar
In its early stages, dubstep was often more percussive, with more influences from 2‑step drum patterns. A lot of producers were also experimenting with tribal drum samples, such as Loefah's early release "Truly Dread" and Digital Mysiticz - "Anti-War Dub".
One characteristic of certain strands of dubstep is the wobble bass, often referred to as the "wub", where an extended bass note is manipulated rhythmically.
This style of bass is typically produced by using a low-frequency oscillator to manipulate certain parameters of a synthesiser such as volume, distortion or filter cutoff.
The resulting sound is a timbre that is punctuated by rhythmic variations in volume, filter cutoff, or distortion.
This style of bass is a driving factor in some variations of dubstep, particularly at the more club-friendly end of the spectrum
Some of the initial producers include Zed Bias or Steve Gurley.
The term was more popularly used after 2002, around the Ammunition Promotions productions.
It was also featured in a magazine. From that moment on, the term became the official name for this genre
Digital Mystikz are a dubstep production duo (consisting of Mala and Coki - when the two started making music together as teenagers they were known as Malibu and Coke) from the South London suburb of Norwood
Along with Loefah and Sgt. Pokes, they operate the DMZ record label and host the influential nightclub DMZ in Brixton, London.
BBC Radio 1 DJ John Peel was an early supporter of Digital Mystikz, eventually putting them in his annual 2004 Top 50 list at #29
They are among the scene's most famous producers.
Notable mainstays in the live experience of the sound are MC Sgt Pokes from London and Juakali from Trinidad
Originally, dubstep releases had some structural similarities to other genres like drum and bass and UK garage.
Typically this would comprise an intro, a main section (often incorporating a bass drop), a midsection, a second main section similar to the first (often with another drop), and an outro
Birth name: Mark Lawrence
Birth place: United Kingdom
The Big Apple Records
Crucial element in the early development of dubstep was the Big Apple Records record shop in Croydon, London.
Key artists such as Hatcha and later Skream worked in the shop (which initially sold early UK Hardcore / Rave, Techno and House and later, garage and drum and bass, but evolved with the emerging dubstep scene in the area), while Digital Mystikz were frequent visitors. El-B, Zed Bias, Horsepower Productions, Plastician, N Type, Walsh and a young Loefah regularly visited the shop as well
Genres: Dubstep, Reggae, Jungle and mixing them
The influence of dubstep on more commercial or popular genres can be identified as far back as 2007, with artists such as Britney Spears using dubstep sounds; critics observed a dubstep influence in the song "Freakshow", from the 2007 album Blackout, which Tom Ewing described as "built around the 'wobbler' effect that's a genre standby"
It is slowly gaining popularity among pop or rap artists as well.
Brostep and American Influences
In 2011, dubstep gained significant traction in the US market, by way of a post-dubstep style known as brostep, with the American producer Skrillex becoming something of a poster boy for the scene.
In September 2011 a Spin Magazine EDM special referred to brostep as a "lurching and aggressive" variant of dubstep that has proven commercially successful in the United States.
Unlike traditional dubstep production styles, which emphasise sub-bass content, brostep accentuates the middle register and features "robotic fluctuations and metal-esque aggression".
According to Simon Reynolds, as dubstep gained larger audiences and moved from smaller club-based venues to larger outdoor events, sub-sonic content was gradually replaced by distorted bass riffs that function roughly in the same register as the electric guitar in heavy metal.
Dubstep and Society
Dubstep is often associated with drug use
It is also known to be a form of meditation, where low frequencies and rhythm patterns affect subconsciousness
These days, the history of dubstep is still evolving.
The style is still new and constantly growing.
Sonny John Moore
Born January 15, 1988 in America
He was nominated for a total of five Grammy Awards at the 54th Grammy Awards, including Best New Artist and won three: "Best Dance/Electronica Album", "Best Dance Recording", and "Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical"
On December 5, 2011, the BBC announced that he had been nominated for their Sound of 2012 poll.
On December 12, 2011, he was also named MTV's Electronic Dance Music Artist of the Year.
Skrillex has won a total of six Grammy Awards.n
Other North American artists that have come to be associated with the brostep sound are Canadian producers Datsik and Excision.
Their production style has been described by Mixmag as "a viciously harsh, yet brilliantly produced sound that appealed more to Marilyn Manson and Nine Inch Nails fans than it did to lovers of UK garage"