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Stereotypes

Differences and Identities
by

Debra Graham

on 14 November 2016

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Transcript of Stereotypes

The conception of a person or group that reduces, exaggerates, naturalizes and fixes “difference” .
The Top Stereotypes
From Cradle to Grave
Cougar
Old Hag
The Top Stereotypes
From Cradle to Grave
EXPANSION OF STEREOTYPES
SEXUAL ORIENTATION
"Gay '90s"
Yummy Mummies
Soccer/Hockey Moms
Stepmothers
Spinsters/Old Maids
The Top Stereotypes
From Cradle to Grave
Sport
Tomboy
The Top Stereotypes
From Cradle to Grave

Limiting Expectations/Possibilities

Gender/Race/Sexual Orientation Polarization

Oversimplification in
analysis of behavior

Distortion of Memories

Discrimination against people based on gender, sexual orientation, race/ethnicity
What’s the Harm in Stereotyping?
Girl-Next-Door
Bimbo
Femme Fatales and Vamps
Bitch
Feminist
The Top Stereotypes
From Cradle to Grave
Playboy
Breadwinner
“I cannot be so many things.
I cannot be something for everyone….
Woman, beautiful, artist, wife, housekeeper, cook, sales lady, all these things.
I cannot even be myself,
nor know what I am.” —Eva Hesse

Yuppie, Nurturer, Nature-Man, Metrosexual
Lad, Androgynous-Man
Media Influences
STEREOTYPING
Stereotype
Androcentrism
Male-centeredness.
Viewed against the male
standard, women/girls appear less (than) human,
the “other”.
Different and
limiting
expectations
for
"boys" and "girls"
GENDER POLARIZATION
Stereotypes
Distort
Memories
Playboy
EXPANSION OF STEREOTYPES
Package Picture of Cultures
Sexism and Racism
Dragon Lady
Foxy Fly Girls
Jewish Princess
Hot Tamale
EXPANSION OF MALE STEREOTYPES
Oversimplifies Analyses of Behavior
BASED ON THE
GENDER BINARY
Stereotyping tends to occur
where there are inequalities of
power.
Gender (sexism)
Race/Ethnicity (racism)
Sexual Orientation (heterosexism)
TYPES
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
personality inventory designed to
identify preferences within the
parameters of 16 types
an example that serves to anchor the defining features of that particular organism
SOCIAL TYPES
"I cannot be so many things.
I cannot be something for everyone...
I cannot even be myself,
nor know what I am"
MASCULINITY CRISIS
Extremes
STEREOTYPES OF TRANSGENDER
4 Ps
• Prostitute
Sex in the City episodes
• Punchline
Ace Ventura, Pet Detective
• Psycho
Ava in Nip/Tuck
• Poor thing!/Noble Victim
Soldier’s Girl

Difference and Identities
(Nov. 14) Stereotyping
(Nov. 21) Colonialism and
Imperialism
(Nov. 28) Gender and Education
OBJECTIVES
REQUIRED MATERIALS
“Stereotyping as Signifying
Practice,” Stuart Hall
“Undoing the ‘Package Picture’ of Cultures,” Uma Narayan
“Women’s Experience of Racism: How
Race and Gender Interact,” (CRIAW)
“Look Different: Can You
See the Bias?”
Sexism, Racism, Heterosexism
Harms of Stereotyping, Prejudice and Discrimination
SPECIMEN TYPES
Man
Not-Woman
Fetish
Fantasy
Intimacy Implied
Intimacy for hetero-masculine gaze
Sense8
Othering
Fantasy
Power
Inequities
DISCRIMINATION
PREJUDICE
"US" vs. "THEM"
MYTH # 1
Gay men molest children at far higher rates than heterosexuals.

THE FACTS
According to the American Psychological Association, children are not more likely to be molested by LGBT parents or their LGBT friends or acquaintances.
MYTH # 2
People become homosexual because they were sexually abused as children or there was a deficiency in sex-role modeling by their parents.

THE FACTS
No scientifically sound study has linked sexual orientation or identity with parental role-modeling or childhood sexual abuse.

MYTH #3
Allowing gay/lesbian people to serve openly will damage the armed forces.

THE FACTS
Homosexual people have long served in the Canadian military with distinction.
MYTH #4
People can choose to leave homosexuality with proper therapy.

THE FACTS
"Reparative" or sexual reorientation therapy — the pseudo-scientific foundation of the ex-gay movement — has been rejected by all the established and reputable American medical, psychological, psychiatric and professional counseling organizations.
HARMFUL MYTHS BASED ON STEREOTYPES ABOUT SEXUAL ORIENTATION
2015
“For all the talk about how important diversity is within organizations, white and male executives aren’t rewarded, career-wise, for engaging in diversity-valuing behavior, and nonwhite and female executives actually get punished for it.”

Academy of Management Journal (Jan. 2016)
Thanks Sabrina Doret
Full transcript