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Canana's Medicinal Plants: Echinacea
Transcript of Canana's Medicinal Plants: Echinacea
Echinacea Where is it Fou Chemical Compounds The Echinacea angustifoilia contains in it many chemical compounds that are responsible for its many health benefits.
Polysaccharides, which are complex carbohydrates, are thought to be the greatest active ingredient in the plant that administers to its immune boosting effects. Polysaccharides attach themselves to receptors on white blood cells which cause an increased amount of certain types of white blood cells to be produced. These then fight against mold-like bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. (Schlundt) Polysaccharides also enclose tissue cells, protecting them from invasive bacteria and other pathogens. Polysaccharides also stimulate macrophages, another type of white blood cell, and their phagocytosis process. This is when the cell attaches to a microbe, ingests, digests and expels the waste in order to destroy them. (Burick, Quick and Wilson) Inulin, a polysaccharide, helps guide white blood cells to infected regions and destroys bacteria and other invasive microbes. (Schlundt) (Burick, Quick and Wilson) Alkylamides, another very active chemical component of the plant, are mild aesthetics that are used to supress pain. (Burick, Quick and Wilson) Isobutylamides, which are alkylamides, are found in the roots of the Echinacea angustifolia and constitute for the anti-inflammatory effects as it promotes tissue re-regeneration and boosts certain hormone productions that are responsible for moderating inflammation. (Fiebert and Kemper) Chemical Compounds cont. Ailments it Treats The Echinacea is used to treat a variety of ailments, symptoms and illnesses. Firstly, it is used as a general immune system enhancer, as it is widely believed that it can interact with white blood cells to boost the body’s defense. (MedlinePlus) Certain infections can be treated with the plant such as upper respiratory infections, like the common cold, as well as the flu, gum disease, tonsillitis, streptococcus infections, typhoid, syphilis and bloodstream infections. (MedlinePlus) Echinacea can also be used as a pain killer for rheumatism and migraines. (MedlinePlus) Aside from using the Echinacea for internal illnesses, the plant can also be applied externally to the skin to treat other ailments. Some examples of possible skin applications are boils, minor wounds, burns, eczema, bee stings, snake bites and UV radiation damage. (MedlinePlus) Ailments it Treats cont. History The Echinacea was first used by at least fourteen Aboriginal tribes of North America, including the Plains First Nations. (Province of Manitoba) They chewed on the roots of the plants to treat respiratory infections, fever and to soothe toothaches and sore throats. They also prepared a mash of the entire plant and applied to the skin to treat wounds, snake bites, burns and swelling. (Fiebert and Kemper) (Province of Manitoba) History cont. European settlers learned to use Echinacea for similar medicinal purposes and sent it back to their homelands. In the 1800’s, the plant was an infection treatment and blood purifier and became a common medicine in the United States. Many people used it to treat smallpox, scarlet fever and meningitis. Later in the 1920’s, the United States became less dependent on the plant because of the development modern antibiotics, but Europe still had an increasing demand for the plant. In Germany, Maudaus took great interest in the plant and his research greatly contributed to the development of Echinacin, a method of preparation of the plant still used today. (Fiebert and Kemper) Christine Lee History cont. Currently, it is one of the most used herbal medicines in America as people are becoming more interested in natural remedies. Echinacea angustifolia products are typically used to treat respiratory infections and less commonly used to treat ear infections, yeast infections, urinary tract infections and tonsillitis. (Fiebert and Kemper) Precautions As new research is needed to further our understanding of Echinacea’s medicinal effects, various precautions should be taken before using any form of the plant’s available products. Pregnant or breast-feeding women as well as those with auto-immune disorders should avoid using the plant. (MedlinePlus) Also, children between ages 2-11 should not take more than half of the recommended adult dose for more than 10 days because the plant may be too potent for younger individuals. (MedlinePlus) Those that have allergies to plants such as daisies, ragweed, mums or marigolds should make sure that they are not allergic to the Echinacea because the plant can trigger similar reactions as they are in similar in plant family. (Guillory) Lastly, the plant may conflict with other medication such as caffeine and immunosuppressants, altering the effectiveness of both treatments. (MedlinePlus) Side Effects fever
sore throat dry mouth
numbness of the tongue
joint and muscle aches
(MedlinePlus) Preparation The Echinacea is easily used as it is available in various product forms that do not require specific preparations, such as capsules, juice extracts and external creams. It is recommended that an adult should take 3 doses of one type of Echinacea product for no more than 10 days to combat immune system related illness Preparation and usage cont. Tea and Tincture (Ehrlich) Echinacea Tea Recipe ingredients: 1 tsp of dried echinacea (root or flower)
1 tsp of freshly grated ginger
2 cups boiling water
1 tsp lemon juice (fresh is best)
honey 1. Put dried echinacea and ginger into a teapot
2. Pour boiling water into the teapot
3. Let it steep for 10-15 minutes with the lid on top
4. After steeping, pour in lemon juice and mix
5. Pour into cup with strainer, add honey to sweeten (Squidoo) Tincture ingredients: 1/4 cup of dried echinacea
1 pint vodka 1. Put dried echinacea into a 1-pint sterilized jar
2. Pour vodka over the herb
3. Seal the mixture and let it sit for 4-6 weeks in room temperature, shaking the jar every few days (Karen) Both can be bought as prepared treatments,
but can also be made at home. R e c i p e s Echinacea. (eFlora) Drawing Works Cited Saskatchewan and Manitoba nd? Growing best in drier and well-drained soils, the Echinacea angustifolia plants are naturally found in Canada’s mixed grass prairies which are found in southern Saskatchewan and Manitoba. (Caryopsis)
However, due to increasing demand, the plants can be grown in several other areas, such as Ontario, Québec and the Atlantic provinces. (Caryopsis)