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Erik Erikson

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vicky s

on 9 May 2010

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Transcript of Erik Erikson

Erik Erikson's Life-Span Developmental Theory Victoria Stoebe Initiative vs Guilt Industry vs Inferiority Idenity vs Idenity Confusion This theory has eight developmental stages including trust vs mistrust, autonomy vs shame & doubt,
initiative vs guilt,
industry vs inferiority,
identity vs identity confusion, intimacy vs isolation,
generativity vs stagnation and integrity vs despair.
3-5 yrs This stage may only be seen in Kindergarten Most likly seen from first to sixth grade 6yrs - puberty 10-20 yrs Maybe seen from 5th grade throughout highschool This theory is helpful when teaching Elemantary and Highschool Students however only relates to levels 3-5 A Brief Overview What we as teachers need to do to help development at this level What we as teachers need to do to help development at this level What we as teachers need to do to help development at this level What stages are our students facing during the elementary levels The initiative verses guilt stage of Erikson's theory characterizes my classroom as students are expected to become more responsible throughout the year. Children are assigned "jobs" to do for the day, such as being the door-holder, line leader, or messenger. The children are also expected to follow through with the classroom and school rules. Uncomfortable, guilty feelings may arise if the children feel irresponsible as a result of breaking classroom rules or not fulfilling their responsibilities. - Missy Dangler, Surburban Hills School pg.77 The industry verses inferiority stage of Erikson's theory most applies to my second-grade students. As children enter this stage, there is an energy to learn; however, the dangers at this stage are that children may feel incompetent if they are unsuccessful in their work. As a teacher of students at this developmental stage, it is important to give students opportunities to be successful. For example, if a second-grader is reading at a kindergarten level, and second-grade level materials are given to this student, the student will develop feelings of incompetence. I use leveled reading materials in my classroom in reading and spelling. Each student in reading and being instructed with material at his or her reading level, which fosters feelings of confidence. -Susan Froelich, Clinton Elementary School pg.77 As high school teachers, dealing with students in the identity confusion stage, we need to especially value adolescents as human beings. I know so many teachers who roll their eyes at their students' petty squabbles and emotional curves. However, we need to remember that we went through the very same things, and these struggles helped to define who we are as adults. This came to me so vividly during my student teaching. The building was so similar in design to my own school. As I walked through the door, I immediately experienced every pimple on my chin and every tear shed in the girls' bathroom. Suddenly, I was the insecure girl listening to Lionel Richie at the dance, longing for John to ask me out. -Jennifer Heiter, Breman High School pg.77
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