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Global Developmental Delay

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Rachael James

on 17 May 2014

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Transcript of Global Developmental Delay

Global Developmental Delay
What is Global Developmental Delay?
Academic and classroom opportunities
Social opportunities
Interactions with others
By Charlotte Macdonald, Kelsea Jefferies,
Felicity Bennett and Rachael James
Case study: Hailey
References
Thank you for
listening!
Any questions?
Hailey
Hailey is now 18 she had Global Developmental Delay when she was in Pre-primary
Hailey had delays in all areas but the most significant was speech
Once Hailey was diagnosed her school community and other services helped her to develop her speech and other skills
*name is changed
Interactions with teachers, peers and the community
Teachers
Peers
Community
- speech and communication
issues
- trouble remembering tasks
- problem solving
- trouble understanding
consequences
- high levels of frustration
- low social skills
- trouble understanding
rules of the game
- communication issues
- trouble turn taking
- physical limitations
- physical limitations
- speech and communication
difficulties
(More 4 Kids, n.d.)
AL- Salam Medical Clinic, (n.d.). Child with hearing aid [image]. Retrieved from http://www.alsalam-clinic.com/page.php?cid=1#.U3S7xo2KDIU

Agram, M., Alper, S., & Wehmeyer., 2002. Access to the General Curriculum for Studetns with Significant Disabilities: What it Means to Teachers. Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 37(2), 123-133

Department of Education (2013). Global Developmental Delay (GDD). Retrieved from http://file:///C:/Users/Rachael/Downloads/2012%20GLOBAL%20DEVELOPMENT%20DELAY%2021.11.12%20(2).pdf

Developmental disorder series (2008). Preschool children: Developmental delay. Retrieved from
http://www.dhcas.gov.hk/english/public_edu/files/SeriesI_DevelopmentalDelay_Eng.pdf
More 4 Kids (n.d.). Helping kids make friends [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.more4kids.info/713/helping-kids-make-friends/

Do2Learn (n.d.). Developmental delay: Strategies . Retrieved from
http://www.do2learn.com/disabilities/CharacteristicsAndStrategies/DevelopmentalDelay_Strategies.html

Georgia Department of Human Services (n.d.). Child [Photograph]. Retrieved from http://dfcs.dhs.georgia.gov/

Horowitz, S. H. (n.d.) The social and emotional side of learning disabilities. National centre for
learning disabilities. Retrieved from http://ncld.org/parents-child-disabilities/social-emotional-skills/social-emotional-side-learning-disabilities/page-2

Kids Health (2009). Developmental delay [Fact sheet]. Retrieved from
http://kidshealth.schn.health.nsw.gov.au/fact-sheets/developmental-delay

Noahs Arc (2008). Global developmental delay [fact sheet]. Retrieved from
http://www.noahsark.net.au/Default.aspx?SiteSearchID=1448&PageID=6706521

Speechbuddies, (n.d.). Child and speech therapist [image]. Retrieved from https://www.speechbuddy.com/blog/speech-therapist/top-6-questions-to-ask-your-childs-speech-therapist/

St Chads Medical Practice, (2014). Child and paediatrician [image]. Retrieved from http://www.stchadsmedicalpractice.co.uk/page1.aspx?p=1

Sydney Childrens Hospital (2009). Sydney Children's Hospital - Factsheet - Developmental Delay. Retrieved from http://www.sch.edu.au/health/factsheets/joint/?developmental_delay.htm

Write, D., 2003. Supporting Students with Disabilities. Victoria Nursing Standard; 18(11); ProQuest Central pg. 37
Teacher Network, (2014). A happy classroom [image]. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/2011/oct/31/pedagogical-excellence-primary-plenary

Murata, N. M., & Tan, C. A. (2009). Collaborative Teaching of Motor Skills for Preschoolers with Developmental Delays. Day Care & Early Education. doi:10.1007/s10643-007-0212-5

(Georgia Deaprtment of Human Services , n.d.)
Global Developmental Delay (otherwise referred to as GDD) is when a child's development is significantly delayed in two or more developmental areas. These areas include; gross & fine motor (physical) development, speech and language development, cognitive development and social and emotional development.
Causes
There is no one specific cause for GDD but instead are many factors that can affect how a child develops.
prematurity
inherited disorders
epilepsy
infections
environment, diet and social
Diagnosis
screening at child heath centre or hospital
assessment at child assessment centres
occupational therapist, speech pathologist, physiotherapist
special childcare centres
early education & training centres
What is it?
Children with GDD may not be able to
communicate socially because:
Lack of skills for
speech and hearing
Cannot cognitively understand
social situations
Cannot express their
emotions effectively
How can we help?
Speech therapy
Specific teaching
Adapt classroom
Social Stories
Symptoms:
• 6 months: Cannot keep the head steady and cannot reach out with hands to grasp objects
• 1 year: Cannot stand holding onto furniture and cannot pick up small objects with the thumb and index finger
• 1.5 years: Cannot walk alone
• 2 years: Cannot say single words and cannot follow simple instructions
• 2.5 years: Cannot scribble with a pen on paper and cannot combine single words
• 3 years: Cannot speak in simple sentences

Physical Development
Inclusion strategies
Cognitive Development
Children with a cognitive delay may:
Speech and Language
Children with a speech and language delay may:

Inclusion strategies
Have difficulty understanding new concepts
Be distracted by noise or other stimulus
Have difficulty understanding direction
Have difficulties in play situations e.g. turn taking and sharing
Inclusion strategies
Give time to complete tasks
Break down tasks into smaller steps
Use the child's interests when planning
Acknowledge achievement
Have difficultly speaking
Have difficulty engaging in communication with teachers and peers
Have difficultly expressing choices

Use pictures to reinforce what has been said
Clear and concise instructions
Label elements within the room
Use picture cards to sequence the daily routine
Other forms or communication can be used e.g. Makaton and Auslan
Children with a physical delay may:
Tire easily
Fall down or bump into objects
Have delays in fine and gross motor skills
Visual or hearing difficulties
Creating simple obstacle courses
Finger plays
Adapting the equipment e.g. large pencils, crayons, non slip mat under paper
Sitting the child at the front of the group
Setting up clear walkways
Creating a space where the child can take a break or rest when tired
Using a microphone
(Sydney Childrens Hospital, 2009), (Do2learn, 2013), (Department of Education , 2013),(Murata & Tan, 2009)

(St Chads Medical Practice, 2014)
(Speechbuddies, n.d.)

(Teacher Network, 2014)
(AL-Salam Medical Clinic, n.d.)
Inclusion is key!
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