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Transformative Learning Activity presentation

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Reagan High

on 16 April 2014

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Transcript of Transformative Learning Activity presentation

Interview with Dr. Lynn Knight
How the Process Works
The biggest thing we need to remember as teachers is to give these students hope.
-Dr. Lynn Knight
Causal Factors of Juvenile Delinquency
The Juvenile Justice System
Helping Students in Juvenile Delinquency
There are many pathways a juvenile can go down once they have committed a criminal offense.

Each state in the US has a different process that they go through.

Let us look at the NC Department of Public Safety Juvenile Justice Brochure
As you can see, the process is a very long and confusing process.

It is easy to see where delinquents can get lost in the process of court system.

According to Steve Lillard, chairman for the Juvenile Crime Prevention Council in Jackson County, North Carolina is trying to move towards putting less delinquents in detention centers and more focus on community based programs.
One of the most important things to consider when working with Juvenile Delinquents is giving them a sense of HOPE.
According to Dr. Knight
Lack of Hope
is one of the reasons that Juvenile Delinquents commit crime.
-By committing crimes it may give them a sense of power
Many juveniles also commit crimes because of
survival
, sometimes it may be what they have to do in order to survive in adverse situations.

How do you help these juveniles recover from the situations they have faced?
Dr. Knight suggests
-Giving them hope by building their emotional intelligence
-Doing activities that help them with their interpersonal skills and trust in others
Examples of How to do This:
Activities that teach social skill training
Creative activities that students enjoy
Cultural experiences that students have not been through before



Reagan High
Spring 2014
Transformative Learning Activity
Research
Defining and Recognizing Juvenile Delinquency
Conversation with Steve Lillard (chairperson for the Juvenile Crime Prevention Council in Jackson County)
Local Programs offered for Juvenile Delinquents
Profiling Potentially Violent Youth

In an article by Sewell and Mendelsohn a guide for teachers and parents, the article listed some common warning signs of potentially violent youth that we need to be aware of in the classroom. These might lead to violent acts both at school and elsewhere. Here are some examples of some of the warning signs:

DE/DJ Guide to Early Warning Signs of Violence
Being a victim of violence
Threatening acts of violence
Being a victim of bullying and/or abuse
Self-Injury
Severe rage and more

These are warning signs but DO NOT profile your students because of these signs.
As we have learned- there are many different pathways of the Juvenile Justice System.

The most serious Juvenile offenders end up in juvenile detention centers. However according to Mr. Lillard many of these centers are shutting down, especially in NC. That is because NC is trying to focus on community based programs as alternate opportunities for these individuals.

Programs in this area include:
Macon County
Project Challenge- This program helps with restitution and community service
Hawthorn Heights- Provides temporary shelter for juveniles up to 90 days
Pacesetters- Outdoor learning program that focuses on mentoring and building social skills
(http://www.maconnc.org/sheriff-juvenile.html)


Effectively Managing Students who are affected by School Violence & Juvenile Delinquency
Defining Juvenile Delinquency
According to R. Flowers, a
Juvenile Delinquent
is "anyone who has broken a criminal law of any state or federal jurisdiction".
Maximum age for Juvenile Delinquents
Varies from state to state between the ages of 15-17
Nature of offenses- Ranges from least serious to most serious
Includes everything from status offenses to more violent crimes
Usually juveniles tend to commit small offenses more so than serious offenses.

(Flowers, 2002)
According to Dr. John Habel and others, each juvenile has different factors in their lives to cause them to commit crimes.
There are many theories and perspectives on delinquent behavior including
Biological
Psychological
Sociological
Intrafamilial Causes

(Flowers, 2002)
Biological
Some believe that hereditary factors can predispose an individual to these types of behaviors.
Theories Include
Heredity Theory
-Forms of behavior can be inherited from family members.
Brain Disorder Theory
-
Some theorists believe there is a link between brain disorders and delinquent behaviors.
Psychological
Focuses on delinquency as a cause of mental, emotional and personality disorders.
Theories include
Psychoanalytical
-Deviant behavior is a result of unresolved instincts.
Emotional Disturbances
-Juveniles commit crimes because of emotional problems.
Psychiatric Theories
-Looks at mental illness as a tie to delinquency.

Sociological
What influences juveniles to commit crimes
Regard delinquency as "normal behavior within the delinquent's social and cultural setting and conditions."
Theories include
Social Disorganization Theory
Strain Theory
Differential Association Theory
Social Learning Theory
Labeling Theory
Intrafamilial
Some perspectives view families as a possible factor in delinquency.
Problems associated with families include
Child abuse & neglect
Sexual Abuse
Discipline
Marital Discord
Parenting Style
Family Structure
Important Reminders to Consider when Working with Juvenile Delinquents

Dr. Habel suggests remembering to
separate the behavior from the person
. Do not get too emotionally involved in the situation.
Also remember:
You are not alone in working with this student. Use your resources around you for getting help!
Remember with these students it is important to
build up their emotional intelligence
and help them
develop relationships built on trust
.
Most of the time these students are
participating in crime because they are lacking something
, whether it be hope or control or love.
There are many programs available in the area to help these juveniles. When you notice a juvenile in need,
do what you can to help
alleviate some of their struggles.

References
Flowers, R. (2002). Kids who commit adult crimes : serious criminality by juvenile offenders /
R. Barri Flowers. New York : Haworth Press, c2002.


Sewell, K. W., & Mendelsohn, M. (2000). Profiling Potentially Violent Youth: Statistical and
Conceptual Problems. Children's Services: Social Policy, Research & Practice, 3(3), 147-169.

(NCDPS, 2015)
(Lillard, 2014)
Dr. Lynn Knight (personal communication, April 8th, 2014)
Dr. John Habel (personal communication, April 15th, 2014)
Steve Lillard (personal communication, April 14, 2014)
Lindsey, G. (2010, January 1). JCPC Funded Programs. Macon County Sheriff's Office Juvenile Crime Prevention Council. Retrieved March 31, 2014, from http://www.maconnc.org/sheriff-juvenile.html
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