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Water, food and agriculture.

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Progressio Ireland

on 22 November 2012

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Transcript of Water, food and agriculture.

Understanding Food and Water Scarcity: Uncovering the truth behind why some countries find themselves struggling to produce enough resources to support their communities. Progressio Ireland works with partner organisations in 11 different countries to promote sustainable development programmes. Discovering and addressing the reasons that cause food and water scarcity are how changes can be made. Hurricane Mitch 1998:
Hurricane Mitch struck Honduras and took out:
70% of the crops
60% of the poultry and shrimp population
50,000 cattle were killed Struggles to handle unpredictable patterns of rainfall.
Causing droughts and floods, which reduces the amount of crops farmers can produce.
All ending with less profit made for livelihood.
Flooding can also lead to sewage contamination in rivers. was hit by a rain storm that damaged 15,000 hectares of crops.
Proir to 2010, Haiti was already one of the most impoverished countries in central America.
The earthquake created even more distress and damage to Haitian agriculture.
The earthquake caused over 31 million USD damage in the agriculture sector
It also damaged irrigation channels and caused over 200,000 people to relocate Temor-Leste is effected by a number of different natural disasters:
late and short rains
strong winds
land slides
soil erosion
bush fires
These all have a negative effect on crop production, which
impacts local economy and food sources
In Yemen, many children stay out of school to work to provide their families with extra income to be able to afford water. Governmental Policies: Water and food shortages can be linked to the lack of governmental programmes and regulations regarding trade, production and property.
In Timor-Leste many farmers do not own their own land. El Salvador suffers from a lack of governmental legislature on water, pollution and waste control Employment In Timor-leste, over 80% of the population lives in rural areas and their livelihood comes from agriculture, livestock, forestry, and fisheries which are all influenced by climate change and access to safe water. Around 900 million people in the world do not have access to clean drinking water.
16% of the population has access to safe drinking water
2% of the rivers in El Salvador hold water that is suitable for human consumption.
Large amounts of communities rely on the Lempa River as a water source, which it is highly contaminated and unsafe to drink from. Many Nicaraguans rely on agriculture for income. Six months of the year, the unemployment rates increase due to the extreme dry and rainy weather conditions. Out-of-date technology and poor irrigation techniques can contribute to low crop output by small scale farmers. Many communities do not have the technology or knowledge of how to make the most of rainfall or crop irrigation. Technology and People Powered Development: Skill-Development When thinking about relief funds and aid support, many imagine sending food, water, and resources to developing countries. Short term aid does little to create a sustainable economy.
Teaching and developing skills and methods to produce more sustainable results is how Progressio Ireland helps these countries achieve better standards of life.
90% of western Nicaragua's population live in areas where they suffer from seasonal droughts.
Many streams become dry and are unreliable as a water source to the communities in western Nicaragua. In Zimbabwe, an estimated 95% unemployment rate in rural areas can be contributed to droughts, unpredictable rainfall, and lack of access to modern technology.
In rural areas, the main sources of water are the privately owned Barkeds, manually dug shallow wells, communal stock watering ponds and subsurface dams.
These sources are all dependent on the amount of seasonal rainfall Somaliland receives.

In urban areas the main source of water is groundwater.
Timor- Leste has a population around 1.08 million and it continues to grow at a fast rate.
The population increase puts pressure on agricultural production and will impact food security. Population Growth Dominican Republic and Haiti: Progressio Ireland is working with local partner organizations to support sustainable natural resource management, food security and agro-ecology on a bi-national level.

Progressio is also working to share their skills with farmers to adapt to climate change and work towards producing a reasonable level of food security in both countries. El Salvador
Progressio is working towards ensuring that marginalized people have sustainable and equitable access to natural resources, especially in the light of climate change and resource scarcity. This involves working with local organizations to promote more public participation with advocating for natural resource and sustainable management Honduras Progressio aims to facilitate an effective intervention in
agricultural production
equitable and sustainable natural resource management in relation to climate change and resource scarcity

By measures of:
diversifying crops
implementing environmentally friendly practices
-agro-ecological production techniques
-organic farming
-permaculture (technique of creating agricultural systems modeled on the way natural ecosystems are built and are therefore more sustainable and less harmful to the planet)

Also, Progressio is establishing:
high economic value crops while fighting for the mitigation of green house emissions and encouraging the adaptation of climate change policies
Implementing effective environmental management of watersheds which are natural water drainage basins The Earthquake that shocked the world: HAITI EL Salvador: Honduras 2008: Natural Disasters Natural Disasters Southern Malawi experiences tropical cyclones, which produce heavy rainfall that causes serious flooding. Somaliland Nicaragua El Salvador Zimbabwean's main source of water is run-off water. With extreme dry seasons, this creates serious water scarcity. Zimbabwe Climate Change has effected Zimbabwe's rainy season, which has caused:
Rivers and lakes to dry up
45% reduction in agriculture output
Decline in annual rainfall
-causing droughts and famine
Somaliland's livestock sub-sector is the largest source of employment and income for the population. Irregular rainfall creates limitation for farmers. Urban vs. Rural Malawi Progressio is encouraging the adaption of soil fertility management practices including:
Use of organic manure
Crop diversification
Conservation agriculture to cushion the increasing and unaffordable cost of inorganic methods of farming and the effect on climate change Somaliland Progressio Ireland is in the process of improving water availability through:
Rehabilitation of existing water points
Coupling it with hygiene and sanitation to improved livelihood conditions
In order to increase agricultural production, we are promoting:
Soil and water conservation techniques which are aimed at improving ground infiltration
Conducting training sessions on best agronomic practices
Diversification and planting trees that could contribute to minimizing over exploitation of the remaining woodlands
explore drought resistant fast growing species
Increase and diversify livestock production and agriculture to reduce poverty Progressio is working towards more equitable and sustainable management of natural resources, especially in light of climate change and resource scarcity
We are working on promoting:
Agro ecology
Sustainable and equitable farming approaches
Easier access to markets through staff
Community training on these subjects Zimbabwe Haiti Public water systems in Haiti are unreliable throughout the year
Close to 70% of the population lacks direct access to potable water
The percentage of the population without access to safe drinking water has increased from 1990 to 2005. 1990 Land Reform Programme in Zimbabwe- The main purpose of the reform was to create an equal balance of land ownership between black and white farmers in Zimbabwe. Over half of the land was owned by white farmers prior to this act. The effect this act had on Zimbabwe was tremendous. Skilled farmers lost their land and people without backgrounds in farming gained land ownership. Food production and output decreased. Zimbabwe Communal land is land that is not owned by an individual. An estimated five million Zimbabweans live on this type of property. Haiti In Haiti, there is an unclear framework of land ownership. After the earthquake, most of the aid sent to Haiti was emergency supplies. There was less money invested in sustainable long term development. The earthquake damaged hospitals, roads, government buildings, homes, schools and public buildings. About half of the population receives their income from agirculture.
60% of farmers have less than one hectare of land. Recent population growth has put stress on land production. Malawi Malawi has a brith rate of 6.3 births per woman. This is one of the highest birth rates in the world Deforestation, soil erosion and degradation of natural resources can be contributed to the population increase. Th In Nicaragua, many young children must help their families collect water from rivers miles away from their villages.This deprives them from receiving an education, which keeps them in poverty. Nicaragua El Salvador Honduras Somaliland 70% of water consumption in El salvador goes towards agriculture.
The agricultural sector is one of the highest perpetrators of water source pollution. El Salvador's government has yet to act to protect the natural resources or the most vulnerable people in its country. These topics have been mentioned by the government, but nothing has been finalized or approved. With El Salvador's government not acting to
protect their people and natural sources, it leaves many doors open for large businesses to enter the country and exploit the land, people and resource. Timor-Leste Population growth has created a loss of forested areas About half of the population lives below the poverty line. With so much economic dependency on agriculture, lack of water access has a direct impact on production and often hinders farmers from making enough to live off of. At the moment, there are no laws that protect marine or coastal resources. Hurricane Mitch hit Nicaragua in 1998:
Cost an estimated $1.5 billion USD
Caused mudslides and serve flooding Since 1975, Yemen’s population of 23 million has almost tripled, placing great strain on available water resources. A survey was conducted and out of one hundred and twenty seven government owned wells and other water sources, only 40% were found to be operational. Yemen Nicaragua 45% of water is used to grow qat, which is a chewable plant. This is not a substantial source of food and yet it is using up almost half of the country's water supply. Population growth is one strain on water sources, but other reasons include unregulated drilling and poor water resource management. 80% of Honduras's freshwater is used for agriculture Around only 6% of the farmland is irrigated
In central America, Honduras has the highest rate of rural poverty. Agriculture is one of the most common types of employment in rural areas. Yet there is a gap in services available between the rural and urban populations. Over half of the population is based in the rural area. Water scarcity is a serious problem Somaliland faces. The growth in human and livestock population places great demand on water sources. The country already faces issues with unpredictable rainfall. On average, Somaliland receives only 50-150 millimeters of rainfall every year. This creates droughts and dry seasons. Around 82% of the population lives in poverty There is lack of governance dealing with water concentration and perservation in Nicaragua. Drought, young men collecting water, archive picture from 2006 Women fetching water Wadi Zabid Young woman in Malawi share a joke Floods in El Salvador Corn crops destroyed by water in El Chino (Ahuachapan) Streets in Port au Prince were covered in rubble after the earthquake in January 2010 Timor-Leste Progressio Ireland is supporting marginalized citizens to be more active in local and national governmental decisions. Progressio Ireland is trying to generate alternatives for diversification of economic activities to increase the quality of life for the population. We are doing this by increasing the identity profile of the population to enhance their human, social and economic environment.
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