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William Shakespeare's Poetry
Transcript of William Shakespeare's Poetry
Types of poetry
Background of William Shakespeare
Prior to Shakespeare's life as a poet, composer, and writer, he participated in many programs revolving around drama. His main role was being an actor in many well know plays of his time.
Throughout his life, Shakespeare composed a minimum of 5 penned poems, 37 plays, and 154 sonnets, which became very successful. Most of his works were performed at court and playhouses!
Two main types of poetry that Shakespeare
Examples of literary devices used: alliteration, assonance, oxymoron, personification, metaphors, enjambment, puns and many many more.
Different Types of Romantic Love-Readers usually associate the sonnet form with romantic love because most sonnets celebrated the poets’ feelings for their beloveds and their patrons.
The Responsibilities of Being Beautiful-Shakespeare portrays beauty as conveying a great responsibility in the sonnets addressed to young men.
Real Beauty vs. Clichéd Beauty-To express the depth of their feelings, poets frequently employ hyperbolic terms to describe the objects of their affections.
The Dangers of Lust and Love- In many poems, falling in love can have painful emotional and physical consequences.
William Shakespeare has been titled as England greatest poet/writer of all times and is often referred to as England's national poet. He has been appointed many nicknames including "Bard of Avon","Swan of Avon", and "The Bard". With his phenomenal usage of literary devices, Shakespeare paved the road for future poets. He opened up new opportunities and expanded on concepts of his time improving them immensely. To this day, people continue analyzing and honoring the beauty of his poem crafting. The poem aspect of Shakespeare's life is a truly incredible work of art.
Early Life As a Poet
While much is unknown about Shakespeare's education, it is believed that he attended King's New School where literature was a greatly stressed academic standard.
William immediately excelled in poetic writing and by the age of 15, he composed a total of 37 sonnets
Originally derived from Italy
The term sonnet is derived from the Italian word sonetto- from "son" song, from Latin "sonus" a sound).
All sonnets have 14 lines which can be broken down into four sections called quatrains.
A strict rhyme scheme. The rhyme scheme of a Shakespearean sonnet is ABAB / CDCD / EFEF / GG (look at the four distinct sections in the rhyme scheme)
Sonnets are written in iambic pentameter, a poetic meter with 10 beats per line made up of alternating unstressed and stressed syllables.
FROM fairest creatures we desire increase,
That thereby beauty's rose might never die,
But as the riper should by time decease,
His tender heir might bear his memory:
But thou, contracted to thine own bright eyes,
Feed'st thy light's flame with self-substantial fuel,
Making a famine where abundance lies,
Thyself thy foe, to thy sweet self too cruel.
Thou that art now the world's fresh ornament
And only herald to the gaudy spring,
Within thine own bud buriest thy content
And, tender churl, mak'st waste in niggarding.
Pity the world, or else this glutton be,
To eat the world's due, by the grave and thee.
In William Shakespeare's life time, he composed 154 sonnets and his last was published in 1608.
Sonnets 1–126, in which the poet strikes up a relationship with a young man and woman, and Sonnets 127–154, which are concerned with the Shakespeare's relationship with a woman, variously referred to as the Dark Lady, or as his mistress
Shakespeare's Narrative Poems
Shakespeare wrote in iambic pentameter. The results were sonnets that had ten syllables per line that rhymed and had a repetitive stressed and unstressed sound to it. The simplest way to describe the rhythm of iambic pentameter is to compare it to a heartbeat. In the case of the heartbeat, it would sound like bump BUMP, bump BUMP. Ever BUMP you would stress a word.
Using an example from Shakespeare's sonnets, this would be: When I do count the clock that tells the time
"In practice, this meant that his verse was usually unrhymed and consisted of ten syllables to a line, spoken with a stress on every second syllable."(poemhunter)
Shakespeare's 5 Penned Poems-
A Lovers Compliant poem
Venus and Adonis poem
The Rape of Lucrece poem
The Phoenix and the Turtle poem
The Passionate Pilgrim poem