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psychanalysis part3

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Desiderio IV Camitan

on 27 June 2013

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Transcript of psychanalysis part3

Psychoanalysis
Sigmund Freud's
part 3
Defense
Mechanisms
Techniques used by the ego to defends itself against the pain of anxiety.
Repression
forcing unwanted, anxiety-loaded experiences into the unconscious
the repression of an impulse and the ostentatious and exaggerated expression of its exact opposite
Reaction Formation
redirecting of unacceptable urges and feelings onto people and objects in order to disguise or conceal their true nature
Displacement
the permanent attachment of the libido onto an earlier, more primitive stage of development
Fixation
takes place when a person reverts to earlier, more infantile modes of behavior
Regression
incorporation of positive qualities of another person in order to reduce feelings of inadequacy
Introjection
seeing in others those unacceptable feelings or behaviors that actually reside in one's own unconscious
Projection
the repression of the genital aim of Eros and its substitution by a cultural or social aim
Sublimation
Stages of
Development
Infantile Stage
Birth to 5 years old
Oral Phase
primarily motivated to receive pleasure through the mouth
Oral Receptive Phase
infants feel no ambivalence toward the pleasurable object and their needs are usually satisfied with a minimum of frustration and anxiety
Oral Sadistic Phase
infants respond to others through biting, cooing, closing their mouth, smiling, and crying
Anal Phase
child’s attempts to gain pleasure from the excretory function
children receive satisfaction by destroying or losing objects
children often behave aggressively toward their parents for frustrating them with toilet training
Early Anal Phase
Late Anal Phase
children are interested in their feces
parents reaction to this 'interest' plays a major role in the development of adult personality
Phallic Phase
a time when the genital area becomes the leading erogenous zone
Male Oedipus Complex
Female Oedipus Complex
sexual feelings towards the mother and hostile feelings towards the father
Castration Anxiety- fear of losing the penis, breaks up the MDC and results in a well-formed male superego
sexual feelings towards the father and hostile feelings towards the mother
Penis Envy- envious for not having a penis, partially breaks up the FDC and results in a weaker female superego
Latency Phasae
the sexual instinct is partially suppressed
Genital Phase
begins with puberty and continuing through adulthood and marked by full sexual identity
characterized by a strong ego in control of the id and the superego and by an ever-expanding realm of consciousness
Maturity
End of Part 3
Psychoanalytic Theory
Criticisms of
Did Freud Understand Women?
Was Freud a Scientist?
Theories are difficult to test
Generated considerable research
Difficult to falsify
Very loose organizational framework
Not a good guide to solve practical problems
Internally consistent theory

Concept of Humanity
Sigmund Freud's
Deterministic and Pessimistic

Causality over Teleology
Unconscious over Conscious

Biology over Culture

Equal emphasis on Uniqueness and Similarity
Full transcript