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Deaf Culture & Italy

Explanation of what deaf culture is and how it pertains to the world of Speech Language Pathology as well as Italy.

Olivia Jones

on 3 December 2012

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Transcript of Deaf Culture & Italy

Olivia Choate, Ashley Abrams, Grace Pierson, Jenna Annas DEAF CULTURE
The Italian Language DEAFNESS Communication 5 Areas of Communication affected Treatment deaf vs Deaf Interpreters
Living in a Hearing World Deaf /def/
1. Lacking the ability to hear. How does one become deaf?
diseases of the ear
injury to the ear deaf physically deaf
associates with most hearing people
does not use ASL
goes to hearing or oral school Deaf physically deaf
associates with mostly deaf people
Uses ASL
Goes to a Deaf school
Is an active member of the Deaf community. Children of Deaf Adults or CODA can be equally involved in the Deaf community 5 Areas of Communication Affected Hearing
Cannot hear or understand conversational speech
unable to monitor production of speech
Non-oral language (ASL) is typical, but spoken language is possible
Vocal mechanism is functional
breathy, harsh, or throaty.
Flat and monotonous
tendency to be incomplete or grammatically wrong.
omittance of morphemes. Example: the plural /s/ Interpreters The American Disabilities Act of 1990
All communication needs must be met. Places of need
hearing schools
etc. Populations Affected Deaf Culture Italian and Deaf Culture in a clinical setting Deaf
eye contact
Proper use of an interpreter if you are not familiar with Italian Sign Language
physical contact to gain attention of client
have a pencil and paper available
change topics with warnings
appearance is important
punctuality is NOT mandatory
Expressive and emotional communication
No red, yellow, or chrysanthemum flowers
Do not wrap presents in purple or black
A glass of wine is common at visits Cultural and Linguistic Phenomenons in Italian Deaf Culture Italian Sign Language
ISL Alphabet is very similar to ASL, however it has many letter symbols with signal differences. (Ex: movement of S signaling back and your position of certain fingers pointing down (m,n,p))

“Gianni is buying a house”
“Some time ago Gianni bought a house”
“Tomorrow Gianni will buy a house”

“What did Gianni buy?”
“Who bought a house?” Schools
Mainstreamed public, Oral, Deaf Sign Language
most closely related to French Sign Language
Most important aspect of the Deaf world
different syntax and rules than English
Well over 7000 signs
Signs vary with region
facial expressions are very important Etiquette
tap shoulder to get attention
Always introduce yourself with first AND last name
deaf is an appropriate term References African American: 14.8% of general population
16.8% of deaf children
Hispanic: 14.2% of general population
16.3% of deaf children
White: 66.3% of general population
63% of deaf children % of deaf population example: 14% of people who are deaf are African American Other Population Facts Majority of children who are deaf have hearing parents
9 out of 10
Roughly 28 million Americans have hearing impairments
About 17 in 1000 children have hearing loss
314 people in 1000 over the age of 65 have hearing loss
Nearing 50% of people over the age of 75 have hearing loss Rehabilition Amplification
Hearing aids
Cochlear implants
Auditory training
Assistive listening devices
Counseling History of American Sign Language Stems from "Old-French Sign language (18th century)
ASL was developed by Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet (American) and Laurant Clerc (French deaf graduate)
Gallaudet and Clerc started the first deaf school in the US: The American School for the Deaf
The original name: The Connecticut Asylum (in Hartford) for the Education and Instruction for the Deaf and Dumb Persons
The shortened version of the sign taught that students used outside of the classroom became ASL. Rosen, Elissa. "History of ASL." The Interactive Media Lab at the University of Florida. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012.
<http://iml.jou.ufl.edu/projects/fall05/rosen/history Callahan, Kristin. "Deaf Awareness Week: The Nuances of Deaf Culture." Britannica Online Encyclopedia. N.p., 20 Sept.
2011. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. <http://www.britannica.com/blogs/2011/09/deaf- awareness-week-nuances-deaf-culture/>. Hedge. M. N. (2010) Introduction to Communicative Disorders (Fourth Edition). PRO-ED, inc. Scott. D. M. (2005) Hearing Research. American Speech
-Language Hearing Association. Retrieved from: http://www.asha.org/Publications/leader/2005/051129/f051129a.htm Living in a Hearing World Lable of "disabled" immediately follows diagnosis
The Deaf community does not view deafness as a disorder, but a culture and way of life Cultural and Linguistic Phenomenons in Italian Deaf Culture "Gestuno" is from Italian, meaning "the unity of sign languages."
An international sign language that all are capable of learning and understanding.
Italian Alphabet
Words are made up of the same 26 letters as employed by English, although the letters j, k, w, x and y are considered foreign and are only used in import words.
Some words that are capitalized in English (days, months, languages, etc) are not capitalized in Italian.
Italians use a lot of hand gestures, so insure you don’t confuse hand gestures with Italian Sign Language.
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