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The Civil Rights Movement

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by

Ali Basalyga

on 19 February 2018

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Transcript of The Civil Rights Movement

1954
1955
2010
1948
2005
The Civil Rights Movement
Executive Order 9981
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS
Rosa Parks & the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Little Rock Nine
July 26, 1948
legally ended discrimination in the Armed Forces
"It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin."
created partly because Truman desired re-election and wanted the Southern black vote
May 17th, 1954
consolidation of five cases
Oliver Brown filed a class-action suit against the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas in 1951 after his daughter Linda was denied entrance to Topeka’s all-white elementary schools
overturned the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling that sanctioned "separate but equal" racial segregation
"separate educational facilities are inherently unequal"
December 1st, 1955
Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man
“People always say that I didn’t give up my seat because I was tired, but that isn’t true. I was not tired physically… No, the only tired I was, was tired of giving in.”
sparked a boycott of the buses from December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956
began the leadership of Martin Luther King Jr.
On June 5, 1956, a Montgomery federal court ruled that any law requiring racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (restriction of basic rights)
September 4, 1957
nine students registered to be the first African Americans to attend Central High School in Little Rock, AR
Full transcript