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The Civil Rights Movement

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Ali Basalyga

on 8 March 2018

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Transcript of The Civil Rights Movement

August 28, 1963
A. Philip Randolph planned a similar march in 1941
resulted in Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC); dissolved in 1946
Randolph merged his plan of marching for jobs with MLK's march for freedom
250,000 people in attendance
"I Have a Dream" Speech
line actually never planned
The Civil Rights Movement
Executive Order 9981
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS
Rosa Parks & the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Little Rock Nine
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
Civil Rights Act of 1964
July 2, 1964 under Lyndon B. Johnson
banned discrimination based on race, religion, sex, or national origin at all public places
"a second emancipation"
Two follow-up laws:
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Fair Housing Act of 1968
Selma to Montgomery March
July 26, 1948
legally ended discrimination in the Armed Forces
"It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin."
created partly because Truman desired re-election and wanted the Southern black vote
May 17th, 1954
consolidation of five cases
Oliver Brown filed a class-action suit against the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas in 1951 after his daughter Linda was denied entrance to Topeka’s all-white elementary schools
overturned the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling that sanctioned "separate but equal" racial segregation
"separate educational facilities are inherently unequal"
December 1st, 1955
Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man
“People always say that I didn’t give up my seat because I was tired, but that isn’t true. I was not tired physically… No, the only tired I was, was tired of giving in.”
sparked a boycott of the buses from December 5, 1955, to December 20, 1956
began the leadership of Martin Luther King Jr.
On June 5, 1956, a Montgomery federal court ruled that any law requiring racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (restriction of basic rights)
September 4, 1957
nine students registered to be the first African Americans to attend Central High School in Little Rock, AR
whole group had to be vetted by NAACP and escorted to school by federal troops
March 7, 1965
black voters still struggling with voting discrimination
a young peace protestor was shot by an Alabama state trooper on February 18th
MLK decided to protest in response
54 mile route to capital of Alabama
more than 2,000 marchers, later met by 50,000
endorsed by Johnson: "Their cause must be our cause too."
led to the Voting Rights Act
Civil Rights Today
Full transcript