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Transcript of Subject-Verb Agreement
Use a plural verb AND 1. Chemistry and physics are my hardest classes.
2. A car and a bile are my means of transportation. Examples Some compound words are treated as singular
When this happens ----> use SINGULAR VERBS However... Macaroni and Cheese is my favorite afternoon snack.
Rock and Roll thrives in the twenty-first century. For Example... When two nouns link by "and" are modified with "every" and "each" treat them as SINGULAR EVERY & EACH Every hill and valley is aglow with light.
Each night and day brings
no news of you. Examples When the word "each" follows a compound subject the verb varies depending on the number of the direct object. More However... The provincial and the federal court systems each have their own judges and prosecutors.
The owl and the pussycat each has a personal claim to fam. Let me show you what I mean... When a subject is joined by "or" "either or" "neither nor" make sure the verb agrees with the subject close to the verb. EITHER OR & NEITHER NOR Is it the sky or the mountains that are blue?
S P P
Is it the mountains or the sky that surrounds us?
P S S Examples: TIP:
Think of the verb as a little sidekick and the subject is the superhero.
*The sidekick have to agree with the hero.* When a subject is linked to another noun, identify the subject and ignore everything else, then determine whether the verb will be singular or plural. Subjects with
another noun Neither the visitors nor the zookeeper knows how to re-lock the gate.
P S S
Either a pack of coyotes or several dogs were howling last night.
S P P Example 2: Chicken, alongside various steamed vegetables, is my favorite meal
Besides David Bowie, the Beatles are my favorite band of all time. Examples: Most common errors occur when words come between the subject and the verb. Common Errors Examples One of the teachers I met during my high school years had published a book.
One of the teachers I met during my high school years has published a book.
The whale shark, the largest of all sharks, feed on plankton.
The whale shark, the largest of all sharks, feeds on plankton. Subject-Verb Agreement Antecedent "My friend likes soup. She makes a new kind daily." *pronoun must agree with the antecedent Indefinite Pronouns Singular everyone/everybody, anyone/anybody, someone/somebody, no one/nobody, each/much/one, either/neither Plural both, many, few, several Singular or Plural any, all, some, most, more, none Example Nobody is waiting for the light.
Nobody who can see past those cars is waiting for the light. Example Few have even slowed down.
Few of the drivers in the line have even slowed down. More of that fruit is coming tomorrow.
More of those apples are coming tomorrow. Example Common Errors Each are an outstanding student.
Each is an outstanding student. Incorrect
Correct Each of the girls are fit.
Each of the girls is fit. Incorrect
Correct Each of our dogs get a present.
Each of our dogs gets a present. *Each is always singular When the verb is in present tense the subject takes the base form of the verb in all but cases except when the subject is third person plural Agreement in Present Tense Example I love First person singular
You love Second person singular
we love First person plural
You love (you guys love) Second person plural
They love Third person plural
An s is added to the base verb (love), Love become loves
He love(s) her
Sometimes an es is added
He go(es) crazy for her The Exception Singular third person (he, she it) Amount Numbers and Pairs Sometimes it is not always clear if a subject will take a plural or singular verb. Three miles is a long distance Amounts Ten thousand dollars was a lot of money Three minutes passes slowly Special Subjects Some subjects end in s or es, however are paired with singular verbs. Some of these include:
courses of study: liberal arts, economics
nations: The Bahamas, the Unites States
illnesses: Measles, mumps, diabetes The Example Subjects that describe amounts of money, time, distance, or measurements are treated as singular, and take singular verbs Example Example the Bahamas is a popular destination Pairs Some subjects require plural verb form even though they are singular items Some of these subjects include, scissors, glasses, pliers, tweezers, pants, and slacks. These scissors are dull Examples My glasses are uncomfortable Your pliers were broken Collective nouns refer to groups Collective Nouns Examples of such groups can be:
administration, audience, committee, crew, crowd, faculty, family, fleet, gang, government, group, herd, jury, mob, public, team. When members of a group are considered as a unit, you must use singular verbs and singular pronouns.
The audience was patient with the novice performer.
The crowd is unusually quiet at the moment, but it will get noisy soon.
The fleet leaves port on June 29, and it will not return until next year. When members of a group are considered individuals, you must use plural verbs and plural pronouns.
The brigade are in in their positions on both flanks.
The faculty have their differing opinions on how to address the problems caused by reduced provincial support. Sometimes collective nouns can be singular in one contact and plural in another. The writer must use their own discretion to ensure that the correct verb form is based on sentence context.
The number of people who live downtown is increasing.
A number of people are moving downtown from the suburbs.
Sports is one of the four main buttons on the newspapers website.
Sports are dangerous for children under five.