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Transcript of Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist fighting for the rights of African Americans. Rosa refused to surrender her seat to a white passenger on a Montgomery, Alabama bus. Alabama was spurred on a citywide boycott and helped launch nationwide efforts to end segregation of public facilities. Rosa Parks's childhood brought her early experiences with racial discrimination and activism for racial equality. After Rosa’s parents had a divorce, Rose, her mom and her brother, Sylvester moved to Pine Level, Alabama to live with her grandparents. This is where Rosa spent most of her childhood. Since the African American children could not ride the school bus, she along with other African American children had to walk to school. In 1929, while in the 11th grade and attending a laboratory school for secondary education led by the Alabama State Teachers College for Negroes, Rosa was forced to drop out of school to go and take care of her grandmother and mother who were really sick. In 1932, at the age of 19, Rosa met and married Raymond Parks, a barber and an active member of the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People. With Raymond's support, Rosa earned her high school degree in 1933. In 1957, Rosa and her husband moved to Detroit, Michigan where Rosa served on the staff of U.S. Representative of John Conyers. Rosa Parks died in Detroit on October 24, 2005 at the age of 92.
Rosa Parks received many awards during her lifetime, including the Spingarn Medal, the NAACP's highest award, and the prestigious Martin Luther King Jr. Award. On September 9, 1996, President Bill Clinton awarded Rosa Parks the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest honor given by the United States' executive branch. The following year, she was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest award given by the U.S. legislative branch. In 1999, TIME magazine named Rosa Parks on its list of "The 20 most influential People of the 20th Century." Rosa Parks is best known for taking a stand against racial segregation by refusing to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus. When an African-American passenger boarded the bus, they had to get on at the front to pay their fare and then get off and re-board the bus at the back door. On December 1, 1955, after a long day's work at a Montgomery department store, where she worked as a seamstress, Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue bus for home. She took a seat in the first of several rows designated for "colored" passengers. Montgomery bus drivers had adopted the custom of requiring black passengers to give up their seats to white passengers, when no other seats were available. If the black passenger protested, the bus driver had the authority to refuse service and could call the police to have them removed. As the bus Rosa was riding continued on its route, it began to fill with white passengers. Eventually, the bus was full and the driver noticed that several white passengers were standing in the aisle. He stopped the bus and moved the sign separating the two sections back one row and asked four black passengers to give up their seats. Three complied, but Rosa refused and remained seated. The driver demanded, "Why don't you stand up?" to which Rosa replied, "I don't think I should have to stand up." The driver called the police and had her arrested. The police charged her with violation of Chapter 6, Section 11, of the Montgomery City Code. Because of Rosa Parks brave sacrifice; she has let the African American believe they could one day feel free.
Rosa Parks is an excellent example of a global citizen because she took a stand for what she believed was right
Fighting for civil rights not only in North America, but throughout the world.
Although she wasn't the first person to do this, she was among the first to bring this situation to court
Her bravery to make a change for African Americans and the way they are treated became a very important symbol of the Civil Rights Movement
She is considered a global citizen because of her willingness to stand up against laws that were unjust, made a change during the Civil Rights Movement and brought social reform to improve black people's rights on both local and global levels. Becoming involved in this global issue made a significant difference in the way that coloured people were treated. She knew she had to take a stand, because if she didn't, public segregation and racial discrimination would continue to negatively affect the lives of people. In the end, the world has become a better place because of her due to: her efforts to make peace, equality, and acceptance, influenced people to join groups and make a change, helped to revoke Jim Crows Laws, and made the world a better and more equal place for everyone.
The Journey to Freedom
Rosa Parks stood for what she believed in, which was equality in blacks and whites. Rosa Park’s arrest sparked a 381 day boycott of the Montgomery bus system. It also led to a 1956 Supreme Court decision banning segregation on public transportation. The new rules on the Montgomery were: black and white people could sit wherever they wanted to sit, bus drivers were to respect all riders and black people were now allowed to apply for bus driving position. Rosa Parks suffered hardship in the months following her arrest in Montgomery. She lost her department store job as a seamstress; her husband was fired after his boss forbade him to talk about his wife or their legal case. Rosa and her husband were unable to find work; they decided to move to Detroit where Rosa became a secretary and receptionist for John Conyer’s congressional office. By saying “no” to segregation laws, she made a strong and clear statement that blacks were no different from the whites. By say “no”, Rosa opened doors for the freedom of African American from the segregation laws.
In my opinion, global citizen is a person who demonstrates peace, equality, and acceptance to all citizens on both local and international levels. In order to make a change towards peace, acceptance, and equality, a global citizen must pursue certain beliefs and characteristics. Some of these may include; respect, fairness, being non-judgmental, wants social justice, and is willing to stand up to others to make the world a better place.
Canadian citizenship gives the people in Canada the right to reside, vote, express opinion, associate with others, travel freely within and leave and enter Canada. Global citizens are willing to think beyond boundaries of place, identity and categorize, and recognize all human beings as their equals while respecting humanity’s diversity. Within their own spheres of influence, global citizens seek to imagine and work towards a better place to live. They are similar because they both believe that where ever they live, it should change for the better. They both are important because you can be Canadian citizen and a global citizen at the same time. It doesn’t matter where you are from, anyone who believes that the world should be equal and starts to take action, is a global citizen.
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Bill Clinton and Rosa Parks