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U.S. Industrial Revolution
Transcript of U.S. Industrial Revolution
Leads to the financial success of New York City which replaces New Orleans as the largest port in America-12 years after it opens it pays for itself Erie Canal 1815 President Madison presented plan to unify the regions of the nation and create a strong economy that would make US self-sufficient:
Develop transportation systems
Establish a protective tariff
The National Bank
Henry Clay promoted this plan as the American System American System Products could now be put together and repaired easier than if they were completely hand made
The price was low because they were easy and fast to make.
The drawback was that the quality of the guns was not as efficient as those that were hand made. Eli Whitney improves the idea of interchangeable parts
(Musket) Industrial Revolution in America Turnpikes--Users would pay a toll, then turn a pike to continue journey
National Road--federal government funded building of roads
1838 completed from Cumberland, Maryland to Vandalia, Illinois National Roads 363 miles, took 8 years to dig
By 1825 linked Atlantic Ocean to Great Lakes
12 years tolls covered the cost of construction
Made transportation of goods cheaper Erie Canal 1. Industrial North
Produce manufactured goods
2. Agricultural South & West
Produce grain, meat, and cotton
3. Nationally accepted currency
4. Good transportation network for the exchange of goods Clay’s plan: The American System The choice was between quality versus quantity, and most factory workers chose quantity 1790-1810 cotton production increased from 3,000 bales/year to 178,000 bales/year
1790-1810 slaves in South 700,000 to 1,200,000 Farmers expanded into area west of Appalachians, south of Ohio to grow the cash crop
Although the cotton gin made processing the cotton easier, the demand for cotton grew which required more manual labor to plant and harvest the crop
The cotton gin caused an increase in the slave trade in the southern states Impact on slavery Machine made goods/growth of factories
Started in Great Britain during the 18th Century
Samuel Slater, a British textile worker, set up a textile factory in Rhode Island in 1793 to mass produce thread
Starts the industrial revolution in America Industrial Revolution Allowed for faster transport of goods and people along the major rivers Steam boats 1st Steam Locomotive-1825
Able to cross nearly any terrain
Possible to operate in severe weather Railroads 1793—Cotton Gin made it easier to remove seeds from cotton Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin