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English 9: Reading Nonfiction Strategically

Oakland Schools ELA 9 Reading Nonfiction Strategically Common Core Unit

Jodi Allan

on 28 April 2016

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Transcript of English 9: Reading Nonfiction Strategically

English 9:
Reading Informational Text

Session One
Readers acknowledge who they are as nonfiction readers and as part of a reading community.
Complete the Nonfiction Reading Survey
In your WNB:
What do you read on a daily basis that is nonfiction? What kinds of magazines do you prefer to read?
Do you prefer to read fiction (like novel) or nonfiction? Why?
What are some strategies that you use when you are faced with difficult nonfiction (info text) reading?
(Ask your parents if it is ok first!)
Session Two
Nonfiction readers understand that texts have
multiple purposes
(i.e., to inform, to inform and entertain, to offer help or advice, to persuade, to involve, to entertain);
readers can identify the purpose(s) in order to understand the author’s intent.
Follow along with me and listen while I think aloud while I skim an article to discover the article’s purpose. I will highlight lines I think help me understand his purpose.

How do I know the article serves that purpose?
about the
author’s purpose
are present?
Follow along as I fill it out this "Understanding the Multiple Purposes of Nonfiction" chart under the ELMO.

Essential Questions:
Why did the author choose this particular purpose?
How would the article have been different if it were written for a different purpose?
Independent Practice
Now use your handout “Understanding the Multiple Purposes of Nonfiction” and a magazine or two to identify articles that each represent the various purposes (if possible).

• Create a chart like this one in your WNB/Use the chart glue in and fill it in as you read various articles.

•Then answer this question in your WNB:
How does knowing this nonfiction strategy make me a better reader?
Title of Article Name of Magazine & Date of Publication Type of Article Purpose
Turn & Talk
Share the articles you read with your geographical partner(s). Tell them the PURPOSE of each.

How do you know that the articles served each purpose?

What are the various intents you identified?
Session Three
Nonfiction readers
analyze the structure of a text
to better understand purpose and evaluate effectiveness.
Independent Practice
Use the
text structures chart
to analyze the excerpts found on the handout “Understanding the Structure of Nonfiction.”
Follow along as I model for you various TEXT STRUCTURES.
Understanding Text Structures

From “Shake Your Sodium Habit” from Real Simple, June 2010

“…The benefits of sodium and iodine don’t add up to a reason to use more salt. ‘You’ll get enough sodium just by consuming a well-balanced diet. It’s in many vegetables, meats, nuts, grains, and diary foods,’ says Alice H. Lichtenstein, a scientist at the U.S. Department of Agricultural Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, in Boston. And with multivitamins and the varied foods available today, few Americans are deficient in iodine.

When you consume too much sodium, your kidneys must get rid of the excess. Experts theorize that if your kidneys can’t keep up, then water is pulled up from cells, causing blood volume to increase, which forces your heart to work harder and puts blood vessels under more pressure. This may raise your blood pressure and, in turn, your chances of heart attack and stroke.

Another issue: potassium, which works with sodium to maintain the body’s water balance. Most Americans don’t eat enough potassium-rich fruits and vegetables, Chobanian, And, he says, ‘when potassium intake is low and sodium intake is high, it makes the problems associated with excess sodium worse.’”
Informs the reader--that's a LOT of bags...but there is also a big difference between 30 billion and 100 billion.
Persuades the reader--dead turtles and whales? Yeah, no plastic for me, thanks.
Informs the reader--1,000 years to decompose? YIKES.
Informs the reader--
other countries already do this!
Only a citywide--not statewide--ban
This decision will have an impact on grocers, too. Does that matter?
Persuades the reader--regardless of whether it is 30 or 100 billion, that's too many. I don't want to contribute to that waste.
Text Structures
Text Structures
SOLUTION in the title!
Why this solution
may not be good
for retailers
(And that's just Americans!)
A Bill to ban plastic bags in S.F.
(Ooh! Look! A text feature, too--picture and caption. Both give you extra info. Don't skip them)
Already a SOLUTION in other countries
The SOLUTION is catching on
China uses 3 BILLION a DAY?!
Alternatives to plastic
(and paper, for that matter!)
Killing turtles and whales
Lots of oil used to make them;
not enough are recycled;
take 1,000 years to decompose in landfill
People Magazine,
April 28, 2008
Informational Text Links

Watching Out for Vultures

Penguins Threatened

Oklahoma Tornado

Are There Number Two Pencils?

Chinese Students Enjoying Playing Truant

Celebrity Wake-Up Calls to Battle Truancy
Letter to the Editor about Bags
What is the text structure of the Tiger article?
Session Six
Nonfiction readers connect the
structural elements
text features
in texts to clarify and evaluate the
author's central idea.

How does knowledge of nonfiction text structures and text features enable a reader to determine the central idea?

After reading a digital and a print nonfiction text on the same subject or event,
compare and contrast the central idea that is conveyed

• Choose an article that includes various parts to analyze.

• Fill out the handout “
Connecting Structural Elements and Text Features

• Still have time? Use the time to read other articles and record the articles in your WNB.
Independent Practice
FONT choices:
Pictures and Captions
Text Structures
Read two articles and explain which text structures are used.

Write a brief summary explaining the article and how it is the text structure listed. Identify signal words that are used.
Session 5
Nonfiction readers make
to clarify the
central idea
of a nonfiction text.
Copy the following definition in your WNB:

The act or process of
reaching a conclusion
about something from
known facts or evidence.
Definition: prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair
Choosing a Topic of Interest
First, make a list of ten things that interest you.
Then, circle your top three interests.
After, brainstorm a list of possible topics from your interests that could be considered a trend. Look at the definition on your glue in.
Finalizing Claims
In order to be able to begin researching, you must first finalize your claim. You must state the trend and give one reason on why it's a trend. Your claim should start with "The trend is...."


"The trend is college football players are creating unions because they feel that they're undervalued"
Focusing your Research
Once you have finalized your claim, you should now begin researching your claim paying attention to your objectives.

You must find sources to provide the following information:
define the trend
examine it over time
discover who participates in the trend (audience for the trend)
Remember: for each source, you must be able to explain, assess, and evaluate your sources.
Choosing a Topic
Info Text: Researching a Trend

My current topic is ____________________________________________.

Listing Subtopics
Which topics fall underneath the category you will be researching?
List 3 of them.

Asking Questions
Which questions come to mind when you think about your trend? What questions could you use to possibly begin your research?
Create at least 5.

The New York Times
Upfront Magazine
January 13, 2014
As you come in, grab a magazine and read two articles.

Fill out your chart as you read.
Trend: a general direction in which something is developing or changing.
Identify the following:

Text Structure
Text Features
Use your handouts and glue-ins to help identify these components.
When you walk in.....

Jot down the following definitions in your WNB:

is a list of sources (books, journals, Web sites, etc.) one has used for researching a topic. Bibliographies are sometimes called "References" or "Works Cited" depending on the style format you are using. A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information (i.e., the author, title, publisher, etc.).

is a summary and/or evaluation. Therefore, an annotated bibliography includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources.
Invitation to Notice:
You should have two examples of an annotated bibliography.

Read both examples and determine what the criteria is for an annotated bib. Make your thinking visible as you analyze each example (mark up the text).

When finished, create a list of requirements you think are required.

Lastly: Determine which example is better and explain why. Write this response in your WNB.
Trend Topics
Step 1: Choose one trend from your brainstorm list from yesterday.

Step 2: Create a list of subtopics that would fall under your trend (at least 5). You will need to define a trend and track its history.
Example: Choosing a Topic
My current topic is
Listing Subtopics
Which topics fall underneath the category you have been researching?
List 3 of them
The play and movie Dracula
The common fear of vampires
Twilight series--the movies and the books
Asking Questions:
Which questions come to mind when you think about your trend? What questions could you use to possibly begin your research? Create at least 5.
Why has the idea of vampires continued over such a long time?
How did the idea of vampires ever get started?
How did vampires get to be so popular recently?
What is it about the Twilight books that appeals to so many people?
How many movies and TV shows are based on vampires?

Researchers assess the research information with purpose to decide how to narrow the focus of their investigation. They develop further questions to gather relevant information as they focus their topic.
Teaching Point
You should already have a list of things that interest you. You should have also narrowed that list down to your top three choices.
Choose a topic from your interests that could be considered a
. Look at the definition on your glue in.
: a general direction in which something is developing or changing.
Narrowing It Down
I think I will focus my research on how vampires are portrayed in movies and TV shows.

I will explore the fascination with the Twilight movies and popular vampire TV shows from the past.
Your task in the lab:
Begin researching your trend. Look at multiple articles and analyze the text features, structure, type, and purpose to better understand the central idea.
Choose at least one article to print out and bring to class tomorrow.

Double space
citations, but do not skip spaces between entries.

Indent the
second and subsequent lines
of citations by 0.5 inches to create a
hanging indent.

Include URL's for websites in angle brackets after the entry and end with a period. For long URLs, break lines only at slashes.

Capitalize each word in the titles of articles, books, etc, but do not capitalize articles (the, an), prepositions, or conjunctions unless one is the first word of the title or subtitle: Gone with the Wind, The Art of War, There Is Nothing Left to Lose.

How to Write MLA Citations
All entries on a bibliography must be in
alphabetical order:

Entries are listed alphabetically by the author's last name (or article title, if no author). Author names are written last name first; middle names or middle initials follow the first name:

Burke, Kenneth
Levy, David M.
Wallace, David Foster

Here are some common features you should try and find before citing electronic sources in MLA style. Not every Web page will provide all of the following information. However, collect as much of the following information as possible both for your citations and for your research notes:

Author and/or editor names
Article name in quotation marks
Title of the Website, project, or book in italics.
Publisher name.
Publishing date.
Medium of publication.
Date you accessed the material.
Include the URL address only if the source would be difficult to locate by using the author and/or title.

General Example
Editor, author, or compiler name. Name of Site. Name of
institution/organization affiliated with the site
(sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available).
Medium of publication. Date of access. <URL address>.

Page on a Website
"How to Make Vegetarian Chili." eHow. Demand Media, n.d. Web.

24 Feb. 2009.

Web Magazine
Bernstein, Mark. "10 Tips on Writing the Living Web." A List Apart:

For People Who Make Websites. A List Apart Mag., 16 Aug. 2002.

Web. 4 May 2009.

Video or News Report
"The Blessing Way." The X-Files. Fox. WXIA, Atlanta. 19 Jul. 1998.

To help.....

Google Annotate
For any questions you may have, visit https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/
Writ this down:

Newspaper and Magazine names are italicized

Magazine articles and newspapers use "quotes" for their titles
MLA Citations
from the OWL at Purdue
is a list of sources (books, journals, Web sites, periodicals, etc.) one has used for researching a topic.

Bibliographies are sometimes called "References" or "Works Cited" depending on the style format you are using.

A bibliography usually just includes the bibliographic information (i.e., the author, title, publisher, etc.).

Some annotations merely summarize the source. What are the main arguments? What is the point of this book or article? What topics are covered? If someone asked what this article/book is about, what would you say? The length of your annotations will determine how detailed your summary is.
After summarizing a source, it may be helpful to evaluate it. Is it a useful source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography? Is the information reliable? Is this source biased or objective? What is the goal of this source?
Once you've summarized and assessed a source, you need to ask how it fits into your research. Was this source helpful to you? How does it help you shape your argument? How can you use this source in your research project? Has it changed how you think about your topic?
Therefore, an
annotated bibliography
includes a summary and/or evaluation of each of the sources. Depending on your project or the assignment, your annotations may do one or more of the following:
is a summary and/or evaluation.
1. Identify
bibliographical information
on your article

2. What is an
annotated bibliography

Review the components of an annotated bibliography
Look at a formatted "how-to" guide
Look an example written by a tenth grader

3. Begin a
close reading
of your article.
Rhetorical Triangle
Researching a Trend
Text Structures
1. Description
2. Sequence
3. Compare and Contrast
4. Cause and Effect
5. Problem and Solution
Session Four
Nonfiction readers notice, analyze, and interpret text features to clarify the author's central idea.
Independent Practice
Complete the "Understanding text features" chart using two different articles.
Let's look at the following image and make inferences.
Informational Text Quiz
You will be asked to name the following:

Purposes (6)
Structures (5)

Jot down the following definition in your WNB:
Full transcript