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Graphic Novels

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Alexis Zarco

on 15 April 2015

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Transcript of Graphic Novels

A panel is a single drawing capturing a certain action or actions. They usually surrounded by a Gutter. (though many may not due to artistic choice)
A is a panel
B is a border less panel
purple is the gutters
The green area is a tier
In the west, panels are organized from left to right
top to bottom. Meaning that panel A's actions
happen before the actions of panel B as they are
Panels can become complicated with the layering of panels, however you still read from left to right up to down.

Simple comic strip with 3 panels with the story moving left to right
How to read Dialogue
Gutters separate panels
Being a comic strip these three panels are called a tier
The Elements and
Principles of Art
The Elements and
Principles of Art
History of Graphic Novels
Since prehistoric times, people have used pictures to tell stories.
Popular means of communicating thoughts and ideas were through graphic storytelling.
History of Graphic Novels
As people began reading more for entertainment, the daily (or weekly) periodicals had some joke books or humor publications.
----> Humor was effective in addressing social ills or political agendas.
In 1933 M.C Gains created the first comic book called New Funnies.
The Comic book world exploded in 1938 with its publication of action #1 and followed by a superhero we all know and love: the amazing Superman!
In this image, the eye is drawn to the middle ground of the page.
Completeness of Story
The scene changed in 1978 when Marvel comics produced the first original Mass market trade paperback graphic novel
The Silver Surfer
by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby.
Reading dialogue is similar to following the storyline of the panels , you read it left to right, up to down.
In 1985 the release of DC comics, Watchmen by Alan Moore & Dave Gibbons, was the first collected graphic novel series. Watchmen remains one of the most best selling graphic novels of all time.
While the production of Watchmen was going on the underground comic artists were becoming involved in self publishing graphic novels.
---->The graphic novel Maus: A Survival Tale,a biographical story of spieglemens parents during the Holocaust in WWII, was nominated for several literary awards.
Squares containing text are not speech but
are rather exposition and narration
The tail of the speech bubble points to the
Common details within Thought bubbles
Asterisks are used to reference authors notes or other information that might be
found on the page
Double dash signify that the speech being made has been interrupted
The whispering of a character can be shown in many ways, either as a speech bubble with a dash line, faded out or small text.
when a piece of dialogue is translated from another language, it will always begin with a less than symbol, and end with a greater than symbol.
Thought bubbles as you all know look like clouds
and represent the thoughts of the character
Camera view
Monographic work that has a storyline with a start and a finish in which the storyline is wrapped in one to two books
Are designed to tell one, long story that cannot be broken up into a shorter format and by using this format, the author has creative freedom to tell his or her story in an original way without adding abrupt cliffhangers or changing the natural flow of the story
The camera angle can determine the overall tone of that the illustrator is trying to convey for the character.
Comic Book vs Graphic Novel
The hero in this image is viewed from a
low angle showing her as larger figure giving her a status of power
looking at the character from a birds
eye view, makes the character feel
small, weak, and helpless
Facial Expressions
While the art style varies from artist to artist and work to work, one fundamental feature that helps set mood and tone of a image will be the facial expressions of the character.
The less detailed the facial expression the less serious the situation
Comic Books

Pop Quiz
Pop Quiz
How to read Dialogue
The popularity
of graphic novels
continued to
grow as the media
continued to focus
on comic books
and related series.
TYPES OF PANELS: Bleeding/ Splash Page
The villain in this image is shown as being hit literally out of the page.
With no borders at the bottom of this image, it gives the reader a sense of being in the crowd and part of the group.
Certain splash pages can also be "bleeding"
if the image gets cut by the edge of the
Bleeding is when the image on the page has no gutters, or pops out of its gutters, overlapping with other panels. It is an artistic choice employed for numerous reasons such as comedy, or fourth wall breaking.

A Splash Page is an image or Panel that takes up most or all the page it is printed on. Even going onto the neighboring page creating one large image.
With no gutters around the image, it gives the sense that
the characters are running at you rather than being an images in a frame, giving them a greater impact on the viewer.
Panels can range from the simple comic strips, to
complicated messes on a page, however the idea
of them is the same.
Graphic Novels
Serialized stories meaning they tell a story over many issues.
A standard comic book usually includes the beginning, middle or end of a story, so a person typically cannot read or buy just one to learn the whole plot or discover the characters.
Completeness of Story
Graphic Novel
Given an International Standard Book Number (ISBN)
a 13 digit identifier used with books
Comic Book
Given an International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
an 8 digit number used with periodicals
Graphic Novels
Comic Books
Wonder Woman, Superman, Spiderman, and Batman
Science fiction:

Mad Magazine, Simpsons
splash page
splash page
Works Cited
Azzarello, Brian. The Joker. New York: DC Comics, 2008. Print.
Christensen, Tricia Ellis. “What Is the Difference between Graphic Novels and Comic Books?”wiseGEEK. Conjecture Corporation, 23 March 2015. Web. 9 April 2015. <http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-difference-between-graphic-novels-and-comic-books.htm>
Satrapis, Marjane. The Complete Persepolis. New York: Pantheon, 2007. Print.
Tychinski, Stan. “A Brief History of the Graphic Novel.” Diamond Bookshelf. Diamond Comics, n.d. Web. 9 April 2015. <http://www.diamondbookshelf.com/Home/1/1/20/164?articleID=64513>
Wikipedia contributors. "Glossary of comics terminology." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 13 Jan. 2015. Web. 15 Apr. 2015.
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