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Transcript of Child Abuse
Child Abuse Intervention Center
2012 Data (from Oregon CPS Data)
neighbors, friends, daycare providers, strangers, etc.
18.4% live-in companion or relative
1.0% foster parent/home/guardian
Offender Relationship to Victim
~1 in 10 children will be sexually abused by their 18th birthday
Four Types of Abuse
Bodily harm and injuries that do not occur by accident:
Frequent injuries or unexplained bruises, welts, or cuts
Always watchful or on alert
Injuries appear to have a pattern (i.e. hand print, belt)
Wears inappropriate clothing to cover injuries
Signs of Physical Abuse
Abusive Head Trauma
Leading cause of head injury in infants
of rejecting, terrorizing, ignoring, isolating, or belittling a child
Usually occurs with other types of abuse!
Excessively withdrawn, fearful, anxious
Cutting, eating problems, drugs/alcohol
Extremes or changes in behavior
Signs of Emotional Abuse
Any misuse of a child for sexual pleasure or gratification
Who is involved?
Offender can be:
A minor that exerts power over the other minor
An adult or minor that has greater physical size or developmental level
At least three years older than victim
Physical or psychological coercion
Interest/knowledge in sexual acts
inappropriate for age
Avoids changing clothes in front of others
Depressed, anxious, withdrawn
Runs away from home
No obvious signs of abuse
Signs of Sexual Abuse
In what ways do you think a child or teen might be impacted by abuse?
Lack of sufficient:
Subjecting a child to a substantial risk of harm to their health or welfare
Threat of Harm
Drugs, Alcohol and Child Abuse
Physical harm or neglect from direct/indirect exposure to drugs or alcohol
Live in a house where illegal drugs are being made
Exposure to drugs in utero
2.7x greater chance of abuse
4.2x greater chance of neglect
Lack of essential food
Lack of hygienic home and care
Inappropriate sleeping conditions
Lack of medical/dental treatment
Lack of supervision
Children Whose Parents Abuse Drugs & Alcohol
Domestic Violence (DV)
How many kids & teens witness DV each year?
DV and Children
It is now a
Class C Felony
for the adult if they expose a child to DV
If it is witnessed
If the child is simply in the home where DV takes place
One strike…you’re out!
3.3 - 10 million
kids and teens witness DV each year
Child care personnel
Department of Human Services employees
Mental health workers
Members of the clergy
Emergency Medical Technicians
Foster care providers
Employees of an institution of higher education
24/7 obligation to report, whether or not they are on the job!
Mandatory reporters must call either law enforcement or DHS within 72 hours
Must call 9-1-1 if there is an emergency
Abuse is never a victim's fault!
There is help available.
The first step is to tell an adult that you trust!
In 2012, 17 children from Oregon died as a result of abuse
Is it child abuse if...?
Any action or behavior that endangers or impairs a child or teen's physical and/or emotional development.
Pattern (rarely isolated incident)
Stress Factors often involved
Measure 11 Crimes
Mandatory Minimum Sentences - Sex Crimes
1st Degree Rape - 8 years, 4 months
2nd Degree Rape - 6 years, 3 months
1st Degree Sodomy - 8 years, 4 months
2nd Degree Sodomy - 6 years, 3 months
1st Degree Unlawful Sexual Penetration - 8 years, 4 months
2nd Degree Unlawful Sexual Penetration - 6 years, 3 months
1st Degree Sexual Abuse - 6 years, 3 months
Use of Child in Display of Sexually Explicit Conduct - 5 years, 10 months
Compelling Prostitution - 5 years, 10 months
= Major Felony
Other Measure 11 Crimes
Attempted aggravated murder
Assault (1st and 2nd Degree)
Robbery (1st and 2nd Degree)
Arson 1st Degree
Manslaughter (1st and 2nd Degree)
Kidnapping (1st and 2nd Degree)
If someone was abused in the past, they are going to be abusive to someone else.
Many children falsely report that they have been abused.
An out-of-control or traumatic experience will permanently scar a person.
Reporting abuse does more harm than good because kids are removed from the home.
What Teens Should Know
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs?
What do you picture?
- abuser/offender; person who commits the crime
- any unmarried person 17 years of age and younger
- specific techniques used to investigate a crime