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Washington

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Mary N

on 28 May 2015

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Transcript of Washington

How?
Fuel
Beyond the Grid: Washington

8-3 Washington Ranch

Leigh Marshall, Mary Naylor, Kate Chernitsky, Kaitlyn Lees, and Brynn Smith
Renewable Energy
Organic Farming
Clean Water
Agriculture
Source: Grande Ronde Aquifer

water purified by Loess
pumped using a well, sent to farm using underground pipes
distributed to plants with a drip water irrigation system
Human Needs
Source: Snake River

Needs to be purified
transported using underground pipes
Silty Clay Loam
Plan To Protect Soil
Silty clay loam is the soil texture that is found on our ranch. Silty clay loam has most of the pros of silt, clay and loam. Overall silty clay loam is a great soil texture. Our soil pH is 7.0, which is neutral so we do not need to add anything to adjust the pH.
How are the sources renewed?
Rain (12.1 inches per year)
Snow (21.1- 35.1 inches per year)

Water Treatment
Septic Tanks
contaminated water will be placed into the septic tank
water will be sent to the leach field where it will be filtered
flow back into Snake River
Surface Water Treatment Plant
First Filter
Add Alum
Second Filter
Add Chlorine
Add Air
Any other additional treatment
Water Conservation
storage tank- purified runoff/water from Snake River
pipe slope drains around crop fields
Electricity
Solar Energy
Hydroelectric Power
Renewed by Nature
Recreational Sources
Almota River and Blachly Gulch

Canoeing
Swimming
Rafting
Fishing
Fly fishing
Water Slide
Zip line into Almota River
Water Sources
We will collect hydroelectric power by means of five Kaplan turbines positioned on both sides of the Snake river.
Kaplan turbines have adjustable blades and are propeller type turbines
it is an inward flow reaction turbine
Kaplan Turbines
Powerhouse
Flat-Plate Collectors
What?
A collector must have have a surface area of about 430 square feet in order to use for electricity for one person.
A collector is a dark metal plate.
Where?
On the east side of the river facing south in Garfield County.
How?
When?
Solar radiation can be converted into electricity by photovoltaic cells or solar cells
When Garfield County does not get enough solar power in the Winter, it is possible to store solar energy!
All you need is an electrical storage battery
1) seed the soil and rotate crops every year
2) surround fields with peach and apple trees
3) use drip-water irrigation system
4) use no-till farming
5) have a pipe slope drain leading to turbines in the snake river
How does an electrical storage battery work?
The electrical power from photovoltaic cells can be saved in an electrical storage battery therefore saving the energy.
Crops
Where?
The Turbines will be on either side of the Snake River.
When?
We will collect hydroelectric energy all year long everyday. It will be our ranch's main power source. We will use hydroelectricity as our main electricity source.
What?
Hydroelectric energy is the energy that is collected from flowing water.
It is also the most widely used renewable energy source.
All of the energy that we will use on our ranch is renewable.
Solar Energy is renewed by the sun.
Hydroelectric energy is renewed by the water cycle.
Crop Biomass energy is renewed by the crops that are grown in our ranch.
Wind energy is renewed by wind.
Solar Panel's and Turbines Stored Energy
Biomass Heating
Benefits
How?
When?
Where?
The crops that we will burn for energy will be grown in our fields by the house.
The Sound Boiler is located south of the grazing fields. In the southwest corner our ranch.
What will we fish ?
Largemouth Bass
Rainbow Trout
Bluegill
Yellow Perch
Cutthroat Trout
Crappie
Smallmouth Bass
Channel Catfish
Brown Trout
Drip-Water Irrigation
Livestock
3 goats
3 chickens
2 cows
Corn Ethanol
What?
We will use Biomass heating to heat the house during the winter.
-idaho fescue
-bluebunch wheatgrass
-arrow leaf balsamroot
-western yarrow
-phlox
-wild rose brush
How?
Where?
The definition of Corn ethanol is: ethanol produced from corn and used as a biomass.
Corn ethanol is made through a process of dry milling
What is Dry Milling?

Dry milling is the process of taking corn and making it into corn ethanol.
Dry Milling is when the corn is ground into a "meal".
More ingredients are added until the corn is now corn ethanol.
Dry Milling must be done in an Ethanol Fuel Plant.
Why?
Instead of using regular fuel that pollutes the Earth, corn ethanol is sustainable.
Corn Ethanol is very eco-friendly.
Idaho Fescue
Bluebunch wheatgrass
Barley
Wheat



Corn
Wheat
Corn ethanol will be used to fuel the community truck of Garfield County.
The Ethanol will also fuel the tractor that is used to plow the crops.
What?
How?
Why?
Solar Panel's energy can be stored in an electrical storage battery and then it can be used as heat in a different time.
Because Washington does not have solar energy throughout the year, it is necessary to have an energy battery to store the energy for the whole year and then use it in other seasons.
Space-heaters
Space heaters (heaters that are plugged into the wall) now need to be plugged in therefore heat will be given off in the home and other buildings.
Our biomass heating will use agricultural materials to produce heat
It has less effect on the environment because it does not use fossil fuels
The carbon in biomass is also part of the natural carbon cycle unlike fossil fuels, fossil fuels permanently add carbon to the environment when it is burned
Heat
Wind Power
the energy created by the Kaplan Turbines will then go to the Electrical Power House to be turned into electricity
the electricity will then be used all over the ranch
Adding Kitchen/Any Scraps

Shredded cardboard is good for the bedding, and easy to make at home from recycled cardboard boxes
Shredded paper like newspaper and computer paper is easy to find, but may dry out quicker cardboard
ink is ok on paper
Peat moss has a low pH level that may cause a problem for the worms
harders to find
The bin should be 2/3 filled with "fluffed" bedding


Bedding

Waste Management

An Incineration is a waste treatment process that involves the combustion of organic substances contained in waste materials

Incinerator waste materials converts the waste into ash, flue gas, and heat.

Use the heat from the incinerator to heat water

Incinerator

Takes about 5 to 6 months to fully break down into compost

It has to be consumed by the worms which takes time especially for such a large amount of compost

To separate the warm bodies or “castings” shine a bright light into the bin and the worms will go to the bottom bc they are light sensitive

Then remove the compost and the “castings” separately


Harvesting the Compost

The worms used in vermicomposting are called redworms (Eisenia foetida), also know as red wigglers, manure worms, red hybrid or tiger worms

Amount of worms depends on the amount of kitchen waste generated per day.

One pound of red worms will take care of each half-pound of compost/waste

To add worms to the bin, scatter them over the top
skin on the worm reacts to light, they will immediately work their way down into the bedding to get away from the light


Worms

Prepare bedding

Get worms

Build or buy Container

Add kitchen scraps

Harvest Composting

Steps to Start Composing

Vermi-worm Composting System - “Vermicomposting is the practice of using worms to break down food scraps. The resulting
material is a mix of worm castings and decomposed food scraps.”



Vermi-Worm Composting

use wooden bin

two layers

bottom layer 6 inches tall

top layer 3 ft tall

5 ft long

2 ft wide

between the two layers are 15 to 19 holes drilled into the bottom that are about ¼ to ½ inches


Container or Bin

Water to moisten the bedding
Put the dry bedding in bin and pour water until bedding is damp
wait for bedding to absorb as much water as possible then add worms
could take from two to 24 hours
Your bedding needs to remain moist.
If it begins to dry out mist with water filled spray bottle

Prepare the Bedding

Recycle

All of the Plastic on our ranch will be taken to be recycled


Reuse

plastics/paper bags (replace with reusable)
disposable water bottles (replace with reusable water bottles)
paper towels (cloth)
paper/plastic plates (replace with ceramic)
paper/plastic cups (replace with glasses)
plastic silverware (replace with regular silverware)
avoid purchasing peaches, apples, wheat, barley, alfalfa hay, corn, (reduce the packaging for fruits and vegetables
tissues (replace with handkerchief)
aluminum (replace with tupperware)


Reduce

plastics/paper bags (replace with reusable)
disposable water bottles (replace with reusable water bottles)
paper towels (cloth)
paper/plastic plates (replace with ceramic)
paper/plastic cups (replace with glasses)
plastic silverware (replace with regular silverware)
avoid purchasing peaches, apples, wheat, barley, alfalfa hay, corn, (reduce the packaging for fruits and vegetables
tissues (replace with handkerchief)
aluminum (replace with tupperware)
Add slowly at first.
Gradually add more and more once the scraps begin to break down.
The process will move faster over time.

We will use a Sound Combustion System to create biomass heat for our ranch.

The Sound Combustion System is a:
more efficient combustion method
uses fuel "fluidization" and the precise injection of combustion air.
cleaner exhaust
easier to clean

Wild Sources of Food in Our Region
Bedding
How will we get our renewable energy around our ranch?
Underground Electrical Transmission
Conserving Energy
0:40-2:27
Full transcript